Jump to main content.


Poultry Production

Poultry production is an important and diverse component of American agriculture. Poultry ‎products including eggs, chicken and turkey meat are a healthy part of the diets of most ‎Americans. In 2007, nearly 145,615 farms were producing poultry and poultry products (egg, ‎broiler, and turkey; NASS/USDA). While broiler chicken production is concentrated primarily in the ‎southern and southeastern U.S., turkey production occurs primarily in the Corn Belt and in North ‎Carolina. Egg production is distributed throughout the U.S.‎

Modern poultry production occurs primarily in enclosed buildings to protect the birds from weather, predators, and the spread of diseases from wild birds. This has allowed farmers to greatly increase production efficiency while significantly reducing the amount of labor required. As with pork production, this has resulted in environmental challenges with production of larger volumes of manure in much smaller areas.

This module will cover the modernization of poultry production over the past 60 years, different phases of production and the production systems in which they occur.

Additional Information
Livestock and Poultry Environmental Stewardship (LPES) Curriculum Exit EPA (joint EPA/USDA project)
A national curriculum and supporting educational tools for livestock and poultry industry advisors to help producers achieve environmentally sustainable production systems.

Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFO) Fact Sheets Exit EPA (joint EPA/USDA project)
A collection of 24 publications that address questions that educators and producers are most likely to have about the CAFO regulations and how they will affect livestock and poultry production facilities.

This page is sponsored by EPA's Ag Center. Ag Center logo


Local Navigation


Jump to main content.