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Ozone Advance

Measures and Programs

As Ozone Advance areas develop their local action plans ("Path Forward"), they should refer to the examples below of both voluntary and mandatory measures that some states and local communities have either considered adopting or have already implemented.

Ozone Flex

Ozone Advance is similar to the 2006 Ozone Flex programs. Ozone Advance differs from Ozone Flex in that it offers expanded eligibility for participation in the program and it streamlines the process for participation to the extent possible. For a detailed list of comparisons, see the Comparison of 8-hour Ozone Flex Program With Prospective Ozone Advance Program (2012) (PDF) (5pp, 85k).

Some of the 8-hour Ozone Flex areas are still active in the program today and feel that the program helped them remain in attainment of the 1997 NAAQS. The Ozone Flex areas implemented a variety of measures such as commuting programs, ozone action day programs, low VOC roadway materials, alternative fuels for non-aircraft vehicles, diesel idling and retrofit programs. See EPA's Ozone Flex Guidance (PDF) (19pp, 1.1MB) to read more about the requirements of the 2006 Ozone Flex Program.

8-Hour Ozone Flex Participants and Plans

8-Hour Ozone Flex Participant Plan Matrix

This summary table provides an overview of voluntary control measures identified in the 8-Hour Ozone Flex Participant Plans. When available, links to specific control measure information located on EPA and other (Federal, State, Local) websites have been added.

 

Summary Table of 8-Hr Ozone Flex Control Measures
Control Measures & Location Alternative Commuting Educational Awareness Energy Efficiency Programs Industry Specific Actions Mobile Source Emissions Other

Corpus Christi, TX (PDF) (25pp, 754k)

(Nueces & San Patricio Counties)

TAMUCC campus-wide clean commute program (GIS of residence, facility and staff to compare bus routes, preferred parking, bicycle racks for project planning); Regional Bicycle and Pedestrian Plan; Expand bus service during special events Statewide Transportation Air Quality Public Outreach and Education Program; Air Quality curricula for area schools; Contributions to newsletters, trade journals, Public Service Announcements; Annual Clean Air Fairs; Clean Air bus wrap; TCEQ "Today's Air Quality Forecast" Texas Emission Reduction Plan provides grants and incentives for air quality improvements, funding research for new technologies Pollution Prevention Partnerships with operators of gasoline retail, graphics arts, dry cleaners, furniture manufacturing, automobile refinishing, sand blasting/painting and marine loading operations (window decals for participants) Truck electrification pilot project; "AutoCheck" inspection & maintenance; Stage 1 vapor recovery; Low Reid Vapor Pressure (RVP) Gasoline; Use of renewable & alternative fuels; Use of low emission vehicles Portable fuel containers Rule; EPA Green Communities; Deployment of infra-red for detection of VOC emissions

Oklahoma City, OK (PDF) (52pp, 949k)

 

(Canadian, Cleveland, Grandy, Lincoln, Logan, McClain & Oklahoma Counties)

Add/improve bicycle and pedestrian facilities Air quality public education campaign; Employee Campaign "Turn it Off" Weatherization Assistance Program for homeowners; Energy Star "Change a Light, Change the World"; Energy Star Challenge "Build a Better World 10% at a Time"; Residential Time of Use; Utility Enterprise Software and Submetering; Conduct energy audits; University of Oklahoma to purchase 100% allotment wind power; Encourage use of geothermal and Energy Star Homes

Local industries to improve paint spray gun washing, Use qualified powder coatings (PDF) (91pp, 3.6MB); boiler and chiller control updates; Oklahoma City replacement of forced air heating with radiant, HVAC using intelligent control systems, more use of wind power

Transportation system management projects - intersection and signal improvements, continuous left turns; Avoid use of lawn equipment on ozone alert days; Refuel vehicles at night; Restrict mowing during ozone alert days; Encourage use of biodiesel, compressed natural gas Purchase compact florescent lamps; Waste reduction through paperless utility billing

Austin-Round Rock, TX (PDF) (105pp, 3.3MB)

 

(Bastrop, Caldwell, Hays, Traqvis & Williamson Counties)

Alternative commute program infrastructure improvements; Commute Solutions Programs - compressed work week, flexible work schedules, carpool and alternative transportation, telework and transit passes; Regional Rideshare Matching Program Ozone Action Day Awareness Educational Program - including employee, public education and ozone day notification and response; Expand Clean Air Coalition Energy conservation improvements; Urban Heat Island/Cool Cities Program; Tree planting/shaded parking Clean Air Partners Program - 106 local businesses participate (2008); Low VOC asphalt (cutback asphalt restrictions); LOW VOC roadway stripping materials; City of Austin Climate Protection Plan

Transportation emission reduction efforts - intersection and signal improvements, HOV, intelligent transportation projects; Right sizing fleets; Clean Diesel retrofits; Stage 1 vapor recovery at pumps; AirCheck vehicle inspection and maintenance; Encourage fueling of vehicles in evening; Clean School Bus Program; Paving of unpaved roads

Open burn restrictions; Low emission gas can rule; Direct Deposit; e-government initiatives

Quad Cities Area, IA/IL (PDF) (4pp, 357k)

(Scott & Rock Island Counties)

 

  Create speakers bureau through Bi-State Regional Commission; In person and online program marketing Encourage homeowner use of compact florescent light bulbs; City conversion of traffic lights to LED County provides residential recycling program, drop-off of household hazardous materials; Local industries provide employees direct deposit,flexible work hours Participate in Illinois Green Fleet Program and Iowa Bus Emission Education Program ("BEEP"); Implement strategies in Mississippi River Crossing Strategy Implementation plan to reduce congestion at river crossings; DOT early crash warning camera system provides alerts to traffic pattern changes Evaluate and improve ozone alert program if more than 5 episodes per year; Use monitoring and emission inventories to monitor progress of voluntary programs

Tulsa, OK (PDF) (59pp, 2.3MB)

(Tulsa and portions of Creek, Osage, Rogers & Wagoner Counties)

Green Traveler Program identifying green transportation options around Tulsa metro area Expand Ozone Alert program; Develop curricula for Tulsa Area Outdoor Air Quality education; Anti-idling educational materials to schools Area business energy efficiency projects to reduce emission 5% or more; City-wide natural resource reduction efforts best practices guides Use Memorandum of Understanding (MOU) with local industries to install ultra low NOx burner technology, reduce NOx emissions in small engines (ex. backup generator testing in evenings during ozone season) and power stations, and identify opportunities for reducing highly reactive VOCs Low Reid Vapor Pressure (RVP) Gasoline; Clean Diesel Retrofit; City of Tulsa Compressed Natural Gas (CNG) Infrastructure for fleet vehicle replacement; Transportation system management projects - traffic light signal coordination (PDF) (43pp, 773KB); and LED traffic light replacement (PDF) (1pp, 467KB) VOC infra-red camera for leak detection (PDF) (303pp, 7.34MB); Hold city officials accountable through Participation Plan for Members of Authorities, Boards and Commissions

 

Other Measures

Fifteen communities that were already meeting, but may have been near nonattainment for, the 1997 8-hour ozone standard entered into agreements with EPA (formerly “Early Action Compacts (EACs)”. These 15 areas chose to join the compact to ensure that they stayed in attainment and because they wanted to take voluntary steps to maintain the standard. Examples of measures for these areas are identified in the table below. The table was derived from two references, Summary of Local Measures Under Consideration by EAC Areas (PDF) (19pp, 167k) and the Menu of Control Measures (PDF) (66pp, 999k). The summary table does not provide all control measures identified in the two documents.

    Examples of Other Measures
    Measure Local Area Pollutant Reduced Description Reference to Menu of Control Measures
    Alternative Fuel Programs

    Savannah/Augusta SC/GA
    Tulsa, OK
    Chester/Lancaster/Union Counties, SC
    Haywood Co. TN

    PM, CO, SO2, CO2
    NOx, VOC

    These programs encompass a number of different programs, including alternative fuel refuse trucks programs, alternative fuel vehicle conversion, alternative fuel or hybrid school/transit bus programs, public sector clean fuel fleets, private sector clean fuel fleets, and alternative fuels tax credit programs. The control efficiencies listed are ranges for biodiesel, CNG, LPG, and E85. For heavy duty vehicles, LPG may actually increase VOC emissions by up to 78 percent compared to diesel.

    Mobile Controls VOC;

    Mobile Controls NOx;

    Mobile Controls PM, SO2, NH3

    Continuous Inspection and Maintenance (I&M) Austin, TX PM10, PM2.5, CO, Benzene, Ethanol, Naphthalene, Methanol, Formaldehyde Continuous Inspection and Maintenance (I&M) uses onboard diagnostics and continuous cellular data transmission to provide more rapid identification of emission control failures. This technology can offer substantial emission reductions and major cost-savings for consumers.

    Mobile Controls VOC;

    Mobile Controls NOx

    Control Technology Guidelines (CTG) Shreveport, LA
    Austin, TX
    VOC EPA issued a CTG during 2008 for automobile and light-duty truck assembly coatings. Auto and latitude truck coating facilities have reduced the VOC emission from their coating operations to comply with the NSPS, NESHAP and State rules. The CTG recommended VOC emission limits are already being implemented in these facilities in order to meet existing requirements. Therefore, there are not quantifiable VOC emission reductions or costs associated with implementing the CTG recommendations. However, the CTG also recommends work practices for reducing VOC emissions from both coatings and cleaning materials. EPA estimates that its work practice recommendations will save costs. Implementing these work practices, such as covering open containers, reduces the amount of coating and cleaning materials used by decreasing evaporation. Point & NonPoint VOC
    Diesel Retrofits and Engine Rebuilds

    Austin, TX
    N East Texas, TX

    PM10, PM2.5, CO, VOC, NOx

    This measure examines the impacts of improving the PM monitoring technique at units currently using an ESP, scrubber, or fabric filter. In this improved technique scenario, the monitoring technique is upgraded to a PM continuous emission monitor. This improved monitoring technique also results in an increase to the monitoring frequency because a PM CEMS can make a measurement every 7.5 minutes. The monitoring frequency increases from once per day to eight times per hour.

    Mobile Controls NOx;

    Mobile Controls PM, SO2, NH3

    Eliminate Long Duration Idling Savannah/Augusta, SC/GA
    Chester/Lancaster/Union Counties, SC
    Putnam Co, TN
    Austin, TX
    NOx, PM10, PM2.5, CO, SO2, VOC, benzene, naphthalene, 1,3-butadiene, formaldehyde, acetaldehyde, acrolein Idle reduction technologies such as SmartStart and Diesel Driven Heating Systems can reduce idling up to 90 percent, depending on which technology is employed in which application. This can significantly reduce overall emissions as EPA estimates that idling accounts for about 60 percent of switch yard locomotive operating time and 12.5 percent of line-haul locomotive operating time.

    Mobile Controls NOx;

    Mobile Controls PM, SO2, NH3

    Open Burning (ban) Savannah/Augusta; SC/GA
    Chester/Lancaster/Union Counties, SC
    Haywood Co, TN
    Austin, TX
    NOx This is a generic control measure that would ban open burning on days where ozone exceedances were predicted, reducing NOx emissions on those days. This measure would not reduce the annual emissions.

    Point & NonPoint NOx;

    Point & NonPoint PM

    Low RVP Gasoline Tulsa, OK
    Austin, TX

    NOx, CO, SO2

    Refueling VOC for some source types

    Lower Reid Vapor Pressure (RVP) helps to reduce VOCs, which are a precursor to ozone formation. This control measure represents the use of gasoline with a RVP limit of 7.0 psi from May through September in counties with an ozone season RVP value greater than 7.0 psi. Mobile Controls VOC
    Ozone Action Days - Education and Promotion Campaigns Chester/Lancaster/Union Counties, SC
    Savannah/Augusta SC/GA
    Putnam County, TN
    Austin, TX
    NOx, PM10, PM2.5, CO These controls encompass several sources of public awareness programs, whether employer-based, school-based, or public education based. For instance, in Arkansas, the Ozone Action Days program emphasis is on providing notification about the predicted high ozone episodes with suggestions for voluntary actions to protect public health, especially those populations identified as most at risk and ways in which individuals and groups can work to reduce the production of nitrogen oxides and volatile organic compounds released into our air.

    Mobile Controls VOC;

    Mobile Controls NOx

    Travel Efficiency Strategies Putnam Co, TN

    NOx, CO, PM, VOC

    These types of measures can achieve 2-5% reduction by 2020 if the "low cost" bundle of strategies from the "Moving Cooler" report is implemented either aggressively or to the maximum extent. The "Low Cost" bundle represents the best combination of strategies based on cost, likelihood of success, and accuracy of the research results. This bundle includes strategies like smart growth/transit, commuter strategies, system operations (e.g., eco-driving, ramp metering), pricing (e.g., parking taxes, congestion pricing, intercity tolls), speed limit restrictions, and multimodal freight strategies.

    Mobile Controls VOC;

    Mobile Controls NOx;

    Mobile Controls PM, SO2, NH3

     

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