In 2011 EPA upgraded all ozone monitoring equipment at CASTNET sites to comply with the requirements in 40 Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) Part 58. Each CASTNET site that measures hourly ozone meets the additional audit requirements and complies with the data reporting deadlines set forth in the CFR. CASTNET ozone data is submitted real-time to AIRNow and is updated on the CASTNET website daily. In addition, CASTNET ozone data is submitted to the Air Quality System (AQS) database managed by EPA's Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS). All ambient monitors that meet regulatory requirements are required to submit data to AQS. Ozone measurements from CASTNET sites will now be used to determine if an area meets, or exceeds, the National Ambient Air Quality Standard (NAAQS). An area is designated out of attainment if the 3-year average annual 4th highest daily maximum 8-hour ozone concentration exceeds 0.075ppm.
The CASTNET ozone analyzers undergo nightly zero, span, and precision checks to quickly diagnosis any problems with the system. Data review is performed daily by an automatic screening system.
All on-site transfer standards are certified Level III, meaning they have been calibrated by a Level II standard. The Level II transfer standards are used to calibrate the on-site ozone transfer standards twice per year. The Level II transfer standards are calibrated once per year at NIST or at one of the EPA regional laboratories by a Standard Reference Photometer (SRP), otherwise known as a Level I standard.
Every CASTNET ozone monitor within the network is audited once per year by an independent auditor who completes a Performance Evaluation (PE). The PE results are required to be submitted to AQS before annual data can be certified. A monitoring agency may perform an independent PE at a CASTNET site if they follow the procedures outlined in the Third Party Audit Guidelines document. In addition, each year 20% of the network participates in the National Performance Audit Program (NPAP). State, local and Tribal agencies participate in the NPAP to provide consistency in the data across all monitoring organizations.