Jump to main content or area navigation.

Contact Us

Climate Change

International Non-CO2 Mitigation

Non-carbon dioxide (CO2) greenhouse gases, such as methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated greenhouse gases, are significant contributors to climate change. In some cases, reducing non-CO2 emissions can have a more rapid effect on the climate and be more cost-effective than reducing CO2 emissions. To ensure that economists are able to incorporate non-CO2 mitigation technologies within their economic models, EPA has analyzed the costs of a wide range of mitigation technologies and incorporated them into an economic tool called a marginal abatement cost (MAC) curve which summarizes the cost and emissions reductions of a wide range of technologies.

The reports below summarize the costs of non-CO2 mitigation technologies. These reports are especially useful for researchers building economic models to analyze climate policies. The models answer the following questions:

  • What technologies can reduce non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions (from particular sources)?
  • How much do those technologies cost above industry standard technologies?
  • How much could various countries reduce emissions if they implement these technologies on a wide scale?

For more information on emissions and projections of non-CO2 greenhouse gases, visit the International Non-CO2 Emissions and Projections page. Questions or comments on these reports can be directed to Shaun Ragnauth (ragnauth.shaun@epa.gov).

Image of a chart found in EPA's Global Mitigation of Non-Carbon Dioxide Greenhouse Gases Executive Summary report.

Global Mitigation of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases: 2010 – 2030 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (April 2014) (EPA Report 430S14001)

EPA has released an executive summary of the technical report, Global Mitigation of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases: 2010 – 2030 (EPA Report 430R13011) that summarizes data and findings of the technical report which was published in September 2013. The report is a comprehensive, global economic analysis that provides data on the abatement potential of non-CO2 greenhouse gases by sector and by region. The executive summary presents the key findings of the report in easy-to-read graphs, maps, and charts, with a two-page summary for each of the 24 sectors covered in the report. The executive summary can be downloaded using the link below.

Global Mitigation of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases: 2010 - 2030 EXECUTIVE SUMMARY (PDF, 24 pp, 15.3MB)

Image of the cover of EPA's Global Mitigation of Non-Carbon Dioxide Greenhouse Gases full report.

Global Mitigation of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases: 2010 – 2030 (September 2013) (EPA Report 430R13011)

EPA has updated its technical report, Global Mitigation of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases, last published in 2006. This report illustrates the abatement potential of non-CO2 greenhouse gases, by sector and by region, from 2010-2030. This peer-reviewed update provides economists and policymakers with improved data to better understand the costs and opportunities for reducing non-CO2 greenhouse gas emissions. This comprehensive global analysis incorporates an updated modeling approach and new data on mitigation technologies, costs, and emissions baselines. The updated data will assist economists in economic modeling of mitigation strategies. The MAC data sets can be downloaded in spreadsheet format using the “Data Annexes” link below. The final report based on this analysis can also be downloaded using the links below.

Full Color Version of the Report:
Global Mitigation of Non-CO2 Greenhouse Gases: 2010 - 2030 (PDF, 410 pp, 5.87MB)

Individual Sections of the Report:
Cover & Table of Contents (PDF, 24 pp, 1.08M)
Summary (PDF, 26 pp, 634K)
Section II: Energy (PDF, 45 pp, 942K)
Section III: Waste (PDF, 45 pp, 923K)
Section IV: Industrial Processes (PDF, 194 pp, 2.55MB)
Section V: Agriculture (PDF, 74 pp, 1.17MB)

Appendices:
Appendices (PDF, 71 pp, 1.01MB)

Data Annex:
Data Annex (WinZip format containing Excel Spreadsheet files, 1.21MB)

Basic Information Greenhouse Gas Emissions Science What EPA is Doing What You Can Do
blank Overview of Gases Overview Evaluating Policy Options, Costs, and Benefits At Home
Newsroom Sources of Emissions Causes of Climate Change Regulatory Initiatives On the Road
blank Global Data Indicators of Climate Change Voluntary Programs In the Office
Related Links National Data Future Climate Change State, Local, and Tribal Partnerships At School
blank Facility Data blank blank blank
Glossary Individual Calculator blank blank Climate Connections
blank blank Climate Change Impacts and Adapting to Change International Partnerships Clean Energy
Students' Site blank blank blank Climate and Transportation
blank blank blank blank Climate and Water
blank blank blank blank Climate and Waste
blank blank blank blank EPA Climate Science Research

Jump to main content.