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Inspections and Evaluations

EPA and its regulatory partners conduct inspections under the majority of statutory and regulatory programs. The Clean Air Act requires evaluations rather than inspections.

Self-Evaluation Tools and other Incentives provide tools, such as Audit Protocols and environmental screening checklists and workbooks, that industry, business, or government officials can use to evaluate their own compliance with federal environmental regulations. They can be found at Compliance Incentives and Auditing and Compliance Assistance.

To find out more about Inspections by statute:

What is an inspection?

Inspections are visits to a facility or site (e.g., business, school, landfill) for the purpose of gathering information to determine whether it is in compliance. Inspections generally include pre-inspection activities such as obtaining general site information before entering the facility or site. Other activities that may be conducted during the on-site visit include:

Inspections are usually conducted on a single-media programs such as the Clean Water Act, but can be conducted for more than one media program. Inspections also can be conducted to address a specific environmental problem (e.g., water quality in a river), a facility or industry sector (e.g., chemical plants), or a geographic (e.g., a region or locality) or ecosystem-based approach (e.g., air or watershed).

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What is a Clean Air Act Evaluation?

Clean Air Act Evaluations can be either a Full Compliance Evaluation (FCE) or a Partial Compliance Evaluation (PCE). An FCE is a comprehensive evaluation of the compliance status of the facility. It looks for all regulated pollutants at all regulated emission units, and it addresses the compliance status of each unit, as well as the facility’s continuing ability to maintain compliance at each emission unit. An FCE includes:

An FCE may be accomplished through a series of Partial Compliance Evaluations.

A PCE is a documented compliance assessment focusing on a subset of regulated pollutants, regulatory requirements, or emission units at a given facility. A PCE should be more comprehensive than a cursory review of individual reports. It may be conducted solely for the purpose of evaluating a specific aspect of a facility or it may combine several evaluations to satisfy the annual requirements of a FCE.

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Compliance Assistance | Compliance Monitoring | Compliance Incentives


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