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Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations Compliance Monitoring

CWA Topics

Under the Clean Water Act, Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations (CAFOs) are defined as point source dischargers. The revised National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) CAFO regulation requires all CAFOs to apply for and comply with the conditions in an NPDES permit. If the owner and operator are different entities, only one of them needs to apply for a permit. The NPDES regulation describes which operations qualify as CAFOs and sets forth the basic requirements that will be included in all CAFOs' permits.

EPA develops national enforcement initiatives that focus on significant environmental risks and noncompliance patterns. For Fiscal Years 2008 to 2010, the CAFO national enforcement initiative aims to protect public health and the environment by minimizing the discharge to surface water of pollutants from CAFOs and assisting states in enhancing capacity of their CAFO programs.

For information to help determine if you require a NPDES permit, EPA has prepared a Producers' Compliance Guide for CAFOs.

EPA and state permitting authorities use several approaches to monitor compliance with environmental regulations.

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Compliance Assistance | Compliance Monitoring | Compliance Incentives


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