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Compliance and Enforcement Annual Results FY2008:
Numbers at a Glance

FY2008 Annual Results Topics


Printable Numbers At a Glance (PDF) (3 pp, 52.87K, About PDF)

The following is a list of key results of compliance and enforcement activities in FY 2008.

Results Obtained from EPA Civil Enforcement Actions
  Estimated Environmental Benefit Commitments:
    Direct Environmental Benefits
      Pollution Reduced, Treated or Eliminated (Pounds) (1) 3,900,000,000
      Hazardous Waste Treated, Minimized, or Properly Disposed of (Pounds) (1) (2) 6,500,000,000
      Contaminated Soil to be Cleaned Up (Cubic Yards) 100,000,000
      Contaminated Water to be Cleaned Up (Cubic Yards) 255,000,000
      Stream Miles Protected (Linear Feet) 53,000
      Wetlands Protected (Acres) 5,200
      People Protected by Safe Drinking Water Act Enforcement (# of People) 1,024,000
      Thermal Pollution Reduced (Water) (MMBTUs) (3) 40,300,000
    Preventative Environmental Benefits
      Hazardous Waste Prevented from Release (Cubic Yards) 220,000
      Underground Storage Tank Capacity Prevented from Release (Gallons) 1,300,000
      People Notified of Potential Drinking Water Problems (# of People) 1,200,000
      Underground Injection Wells Prevented from Leaking (# of Wells) 115
      PCB Disposal Corrected (Cubic Yards) 900
      Lead-Based Paint Contamination Prevented (# of Housing Units, Schools, Buildings) 15,000
      Volume of Oil Spills Prevented (Gallons) 194,000,000
      Pesticides or Pesticide Products Prevented from Distribution, Sale or Use due to Mislabeling or Improper Registration (Pounds) 50,000,000
  Investments in Pollution Control and Clean-up (Injunctive Relief) $11,700,000,000
  Investments in Environmentally Beneficial Projects (SEPs) $39,000,000
  Civil Penalties Assessed
    Administrative Penalties Assessed $38,200,000
    Judicial Penalties Assessed $88,400,000
    Stipulated Penalties Assessed $5,500,000
EPA Civil Enforcement and Compliance Activities
  Referrals of Civil Judicial Enforcement Cases to Department of Justice (DOJ) 280
  Supplemental Referrals of Civil Judicial Enforcement Cases to DOJ 35
  Civil Judicial Complaints Filed with Court 164
  Civil Judicial Enforcement Case Conclusions 192
  Administrative Penalty Order Complaints 2,056
  Final Administrative Penalty Order 2,084
  Administrative Compliance Orders 1,390
  Cases with SEPs 188
EPA Compliance Monitoring Activities
  Inspections/Evaluations 20,000
  Civil Investigations 222
  Number of Regulated Entities Taking Complying Actions during EPA Inspections/Evaluations 1,100
  Number of Regulated Entities Receiving Compliance Assistance during EPA Inspections/Evaluations 11,600
  Inspections Conducted by Tribal Inspectors Using Federal Credentials (4) 334
EPA Superfund Cleanup Enforcement
  % of non-Federal Superfund Sites with Viable, Liable Parties where an Enforcement Action was Taken Prior to the Start of the Remedial Action 100%
  Private Party Commitments for Site Study and Cleanup (including cash outs) $1,575,000,000
  Private Party Commitments for Oversight $76,000,000
  Private Party Commitments for Cost Recovery $232,000,000
  % of Cost Recovery Cases Greater Than or Equal to $200,000 that were Addressed before the Statute of Limitations Expired 100%
EPA Criminal Enforcement Program
  Years of Incarceration 57
  Fines and Restitution $63,500,000
  Value of Court Ordered Environmental Projects $12,000,000
  Environmental Crime Cases Initiated 319
  Defendants Charged 176
  Estimated Pollution Reduced, Treated or Eliminated Commitments (Pounds) (1) 1,600,000
EPA Voluntary Disclosure Program
  Estimated Pollution Reduction Commitments Obtained as a Result of Voluntary Disclosures (Pounds) 5,400,000
  Voluntary Disclosures Initiated (Facilities) 2,294
  Voluntary Disclosures Resolved (Facilities) 640
  Voluntary Disclosures Initiated (Companies) 538
  Voluntary Disclosures Resolved (Companies) 451
  Notices of Determination (NODs) 364
EPA Compliance Assistance
  Entities Reached with EPA Compliance Assistance (5) 2,600,000

The primary source for the data displayed in this document is the EPA Regions’ certified FY 2008 end of year workbooks as of November 5, 2008. The official databases of record are: Integrated Compliance Information System (ICIS), Criminal Case Reporting System, Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation & Liability Information System (CERCLIS), Resource Conservation and Recovery Act Information (RCRAInfo), Air Facility System (AFS), and Permit Compliance System (PCS).


  1. Projected reductions to be achieved during the one year period after all actions required to attain full compliance have been completed.

  2. In FY 2008, for the first time, OECA is piloting a new Environmental Benefits outcome reporting category to count pounds of “Hazardous Waste Treated, Minimized or Properly Disposed Of “ from enforcement cases.  OECA has determined that none of the previously established outcome categories are appropriate for counting the environmental benefits obtained from EPA’s hazardous waste cases.   For FY 2008, this new pilot category includes only results from RCRA cases, but, in the future, similar results obtained from enforcement actions under other statutes, particularly CERCLA, may also be included.

  3. In FY 2008, for the first time, OECA is including a new Environmental Benefit outcome reporting category to count British Thermal Units (BTU's) of “Thermal Pollution Reduced (Water)”. OECA has determined that none of the previously established outcome categories are appropriate for counting the environmental benefits obtained from enforcement cases that produce reductions in thermal pollution. An MMBTU equals one million (1,000,000) BTU's.

  4. In FY 2008, for the first time, OECA is creating a separate reporting category to count the number of tribal inspections conducted by tribal inspectors using federal credentials. Inspections conducted by tribal inspectors using federal credentials are done "on behalf' of the Agency, but are not an EPA activity.

  5. EPA provides assistance using a variety of tools including workshops, facility visits, posting Web-based information, responding to specific calls about regulations, etc.


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