Cross-Media Enforcement Case Highlights
Many enforcement cases address environmental harm across air, water and land. Combining enforcement of all media results is a more effective overall management of a facility’s or a company’s environmental liabilities and is generally more cost-effective than bringing two or more independent media-specific actions.
View civil cross-media enforcement case information by location. Zoom in a few times to pinpoint the exact location of a facility. Click on the location indicator to obtain additional information on the environmental enforcement case at that facility. See "Questions About the Maps" for additional information. You may also see summaries of selected cross-media enforcement cases below the map.
- Toxic Substances Control Act - TSCA
- Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act - FIFRA
- Emergency Planning and Community Right-to-Know Act - EPCRA
Polyvinyl Chloride (PVC) Manufacturing Plants
Since 2003, when EPA began addressing noncompliance at polyvinyl chloride (PVC) manufacturing plants, through FY 2009, EPA has addressed cross-media noncompliance at eleven PVC plants and will achieve the reduction of a total of 152,000 pounds of vinyl chloride emissions per year, once all of the injunctive relief and supplemental environmental projects (SEPs) have been implemented. The PVC cross-media enforcement cases concluded in FY 2009 will prevent the release of over 12,000 pounds of vinyl chloride annually, a human carcinogen with a reportable quantity of one pound, into the environment.
The following is a major case concluded in fiscal year 2009:
U.S. v. Shintech Incorporated (Shintech) and K-Bin Inc.
The United States reached a civil judicial settlement with Shintech for cross-media violations at Shintech’s Freeport, Texas PVC facility. Shintech is obligated under the consent decree to complete injunctive relief under the Clean Air Act and Resources Conservation and Recovery Act at a cost of over $4,800,000 to achieve compliance, and pay a civil penalty of $2,585,004 to the U.S. Additionally, the company agreed to perform three supplemental environmental projects at an estimated minimum cost of $4,700,000, which will reduce vinyl chloride emissions, chlorofluorocarbon emissions, and provide land to be placed into conservation for environmental protection. The settlement, once fully implemented, will improve the air quality by reducing the Freeport facility’s vinyl chloride emissions by approximately 12,181 pounds per year. The settlement will also result in emissions reductions of approximately 2,472 pounds per year of hydrochlorofluorocarbon-123 (HCFC-123), approximately 1,805 pounds per year of hydrochlorofluorocarbon-22 (HCFC-22), and an additional one-time reduction of approximately 3,245 pounds of hydrochlorofluorocarbons. Shintech’s Freeport facility is located in a potential environmental justice area, and this consent decree will decrease vinyl chloride emissions for the community and stop the facility’s practice of treating, storing, and/or disposing of hazardous waste in land-based units. [More Information]