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You are here: EPA Home » DfE » Alternatives Assessments

Chemicals in Paint Materials

This information is taken from a graphic on the DfE's Automotive Refinishing page. It lists the ingredients present in the following types of paint coatings. The ingredients with an asterisk are all organic solvents, which are common chemicals in paint coatings.

Activator (hardner):

  • ethyl acetate *
  • toluene *
  • aliphatic polyisocyanate
  • hexamethylene diisocyanate

Clearcoats:

  • methyl ethyl ketone
  • toluene *
  • mixed dibasic esters *
  • petroleum naptha *

Thinners:

  • butyl acetate *
  • ethylbenzene *
  • toluene/xylene *
  • methyl ethyl ketone *

Basecoats:

  • methyl ethyl ketone *
  • titanium dioxide
  • metallic pigments
  • xylene *

Primers:

  • barium sulfate
  • resins and fillers
  • toluene/xylene *
  • isocyanates often added

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