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Safer Chemical Ingredients for Use in DfE-Labeled Products

The Safer Chemical Ingredients List contains chemicals that meet the criteria of the Design for the Environment (DfE) Safer Product Labeling Program. This voluntary program recognizes products that are high-performance and cost-effective using the safest chemical ingredients. At present, about 2,500 products carry the DfE Safer Product Label. This list of safer chemical ingredients is arranged by functional-use class and will assist product manufacturers in identifying chemicals that the DfE program has already evaluated and identified as safer.

DfE's Safer Chemical Ingredients List

Safer Chemical Ingredients for Use in DfE-Labeled Products

  • The listed chemicals are safer alternatives, grouped by their functional-use class.
  • Chemicals are marked as a green circle Green circle, green half-circle Green half-circle, yellow triangle Yellow triangle, or grey square Grey square.*
  • This list includes many of the chemicals evaluated through the DfE Safer Product Labeling Program. It does not include confidential chemicals. There may be chemicals not included in this list that are also safer.
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Chelating Agents

Evaluated chemicals that meet Criteria for Chelating and Sequestering Agents
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Half Green circle chemical2-Butenedioic acid (2Z)-, ammonium salt (1:?), homopolymer, hydrolyzed, sodium salts 181828-06-8
Green circle chemicalAlanine, N,N-bis(carboxymethyl)-, sodium salt (1:3) 164462-16-2
Half Green circle chemicalAspartic acid, N-(1,2-dicarboxyethyl)-, tetrasodium salt 144538-83-0
Green circle chemicalCitric acid, anhydrous 77-92-9
Green circle chemicalD-Gluconic acid 526-95-4
Green circle chemicalDipotassium hydrogen citrate 3609-96-9
Green circle chemicalL-Lactic acid 79-33-4
Half Green circle chemicalMonosodium D-glucoheptonate 31138-65-5
Half Green circle chemicalN,N'-Ethylenediamine disuccinic acid 20846-91-7
Green circle chemicalPotassium citrate, anhydrous 866-84-2
Green circle chemicalPotassium citrate, monohydrate 6100-05-6
Green circle chemicalSodium citrate, anhydrous 68-04-2
Green circle chemicalSodium citrate, dihydrate 6132-04-3
Half Green circle chemicalSodium ethylene diamine disuccinate 178949-82-1
Green circle chemicalSodium gluconate 527-07-1
Green circle chemicalTetrasodium N,N-bis(carboxylatomethyl)-L-glutamate 51981-21-6

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Colorants

Evaluated chemicals that meet DfE's Criteria for Colorants, Polymers, Preservatives, and Related Chemicals (PDF) (3 pp, 90K, About PDF)
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Yellow triangle chemical2-Anthracenesulfonic acid, 1-amino-9,10-dihydro-4-[(4-methoxyphenyl)amino]-9,10-dioxo-, sodium salt (1:1) 63589-10-6
Half Green circle chemicalC.I. 75810 11006-34-1
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Acid Blue 145 6408-80-6
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Acid Blue 25 6408-78-2
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Acid Blue 80 4474-24-2
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Acid Blue 93 28983-56-4
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Acid Brown 14, disodium salt 5850-16-8
Half Green circle chemicalC.I. Acid Green 1 19381-50-1
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Acid Orange 24, monosodium salt 1320-07-6
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Acid Red 14 3567-69-9
Half Green circle chemicalC.I. Acid Red 289 12220-28-9
Green circle chemicalC.I. Acid Red 52 3520-42-1
Half Green circle chemicalC.I. Acid Violet 34 6408-63-5
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Acid Violet 43 4430-18-6
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Acid Violet 48 72243-90-4
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Acid Yellow 17 6359-98-4
Half Green circle chemicalC.I. Direct Blue 86 1330-38-7
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Direct Orange 26 3626-36-6
Green circle chemicalC.I. Fluorescent Brightener 220 16470-24-9
Green circle chemicalC.I. Fluorescent Brightener 28, sodium salt 4193-55-9
Green circle chemicalC.I. Fluorescent Brightening Agent 28 4404-43-7
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Food Red 1 4548-53-2
Half Green circle chemicalC.I. Natural Brown 10 8028-89-5
Green circle chemicalC.I. Pigment Blue 15 147-14-8
Yellow triangle chemicalC.I. Solvent Green 7 6358-69-6
Half Green circle chemicalC.I.Direct Blue 199 63950-02-7
Half Green circle chemicalCopper phthalocyanine, sulfamoyl sulfo derivs., sodium salts 90295-11-7
Yellow triangle chemicalD&C Green No. 5 4403-90-1
Yellow triangle chemicalD&C Red No. 33 3567-66-6
Green circle chemicalFD&C Blue No.1 3844-45-9
Yellow triangle chemicalFD&C Green No. 3 2353-45-9
Green circle chemicalFD&C Red 40 25956-17-6
Green circle chemicalFD&C Yellow No. 5 1934-21-0
Yellow triangle chemicalFD&C Yellow No. 6 2783-94-0
Yellow triangle chemicalFD&C Yellow No. 6-aluminum lake 15790-07-5
Half Green circle chemicalFluorescent Brightener 230 27344-06-5
Half Green circle chemicalPoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha, alpha', alpha'', alpha'''-[[(2-sulfophenyl)methyliumylidene]bis(4,1-phenylenenitrilodi-2,1-ethanediyl)]tetrakis[omega-hydroxy-, chloride, sodium salt (1:1:1) 9079-33-8
Green circle chemicalTitanium(IV) oxide 13463-67-7

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Defoamers

Evaluated chemicals that meet DfE's Criteria for Colorants, Polymers, Preservatives, and Related Chemicals (PDF) (3 pp, 90K, About PDF) or the DfE's Safer Surfactant Criteria as appropriate, based on structure.
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Green circle chemical2-Methyloctanoic acid 3004-93-1
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C10-12, ethoxylated propoxylated 68154-97-2
Green circle chemicalBentonite 1302-78-9
Half Green circle chemicalDimethyl silicone polymer with silica 67762-90-7
Green circle chemicalPoloxalene 9003-11-6
Half Green circle chemicalPolydimethylsiloxane, hydroxy-terminated 70131-67-8
Yellow triangle chemicalPolydimethylsiloxanes (*Yellow based on some concern for aquatic toxicity. Allowed to provide functionality.)63148-62-9
Green circle chemicalPolyethylene glycol stearate 9004-99-3
Yellow triangle chemicalPolynoxylin 9011-05-6
Green circle chemicalPropylene oxide ethylene oxide polymer, ether with glycerol (3:1) 9082-00-2
Yellow triangle chemicalSiloxanes and Silicones, di-Me, 3-hydroxypropyl Me, ethoxylated propoxylated (*Yellow based on some concern for aquatic toxicity. Allowed to provide functionality.)68937-55-3
Half Green circle chemicalSiloxanes and Silicones, di-methyl, hydroxy-terminated, reaction products with chlorotrimethylsilane, hydrochloric acid, iso-Pr alc. and sodium silicate 68440-70-0

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Enzymes and Enzyme Stabilizers

Evaluated chemicals that meet DfE's Criteria for Enzymes and Stabilizers (PDF) (1 pp, 29K, About PDF)
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Green circle chemical1,2-Propanediol 57-55-6
Yellow triangle chemicalAmylase 9000-92-4
Yellow triangle chemicalAmylase bacterial 9000-85-5
Yellow triangle chemicalAmylase, alpha- 9000-90-2
Yellow triangle chemicalBorax (*Only allowed as a protease stabilizer)1303-96-4
Yellow triangle chemicalBoron sodium oxide (*Only allowed as a protease stabilizer)1330-43-4
Green circle chemicalCalcium chloride, anhydrous 10043-52-4
Green circle chemicalCalcium chloride, dihydrate 10035-04-8
Green circle chemicalCalcium formate 544-17-2
Yellow triangle chemicalCellulase 9012-54-8
Green circle chemicalDL-Methionine 59-51-8
Yellow triangle chemicalHydratase, phosphoenolpyruvate 9014-08-8
Yellow triangle chemicalMannanase, endo-1,4-beta- 37288-54-3
Yellow triangle chemicalOrthoboric acid (*Only allowed as a protease stabilizer)10043-35-3
Yellow triangle chemicalPolygalacturonase 9032-75-1
Yellow triangle chemicalProteinase 9001-92-7
Yellow triangle chemicalRizolipase 9001-62-1
Green circle chemicalSodium formate 141-53-7
Yellow triangle chemicalSubtilisins 9014-01-1

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Fragrances

Evaluated chemicals that meet DfE's Criteria for Fragrances. Only fully characterized chemicals with an adequate data set are eligible for a Green Circle. Yellow Triangle chemicals may be noted as:
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Yellow triangle chemical(d)-Limonene (*Known sensitizer, see above.)5989-27-5
Yellow triangle chemical(Z)- cis-3-Hexenyl acetate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)3681-71-8
Yellow triangle chemical1,2,3,4,4a,7,8,8a-Octahydro-2,4a,5,8a-tetramethyl-1-naphthyl formate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above)65405-72-3
Yellow triangle chemical1,3-Undecadien-5-yne (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)166432-52-6
Yellow triangle chemical1,4-dimethoxybenzene (*Repeat dose toxicant, see above.)150-78-7
Yellow triangle chemical10-Undecenal (*Known sensitizer, see above.)112-45-8
Yellow triangle chemical1-Decanol (*Repeat dose toxicant, see above.)112-30-1
Yellow triangle chemical1-Dodecanol (*Repeat dose toxicant, see above.; *Yellow due to hazard concerns, but allowed to provide functionality while meeting DfE VOC criteria. See section 4.2.7.1.)112-53-8
Yellow triangle chemical1-Nonanol (*Repeat dose toxicant, see above.)143-08-8
Yellow triangle chemical1-Octanol (*Repeat dose toxicant, see above.)111-87-5
Yellow triangle chemical1-Tetradecanol (*Repeat dose toxicant, see above.)112-72-1
Yellow triangle chemical1-Undecanol (*Repeat dose toxicant, see above.)112-42-5
Yellow triangle chemical2(3H)-Naphthalenone, 4,4a,5,6,7,8-hexahydro-4,4a-dimethyl-6-(1-methylethenyl)-, (4R,4aS,6R)- (*Known sensitizer, see above.)4674-50-4
Yellow triangle chemical2,6-Dimethyl-2-heptanol (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)13254-34-7
Yellow triangle chemical2-Acetylnaphthalene (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)93-08-3
Yellow triangle chemical2-Butanone, 4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)- (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)5471-51-2
Yellow triangle chemical2-Heptylcyclopentan-1-one (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)137-03-1
Yellow triangle chemical2-Methylbutyl salicylate (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)51115-63-0
Yellow triangle chemical2-tert-Butylcyclohexanol (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)13491-79-7
Yellow triangle chemical3-cis-Hexenyl methyl carbonate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)67633-96-9
Half Green circle chemical3-Cyclohexen-1-ol, 4-methyl-1-(1-methylethyl)- 562-74-3
Yellow triangle chemical3-Cyclohexene-1-carboxaldehyde, 2,4,6-trimethyl- (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)1423-46-7
Yellow triangle chemical3-Decen-5-ol, 4-methyl- (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)81782-77-6
Yellow triangle chemical3-Hexenyl salicylate (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)65405-77-8
Yellow triangle chemical3-Methyl-5-heptanone oxime (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)22457-23-4
Yellow triangle chemical4,7-Methano-1H-indenol, 3a,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-, acetate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)54830-99-8
Yellow triangle chemical4-t-Butylcyclohexyl acetate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)32210-23-4
Yellow triangle chemical4-tert-Butylcyclohexanol (*Repeat dose toxicant, see above.)98-52-2
Half Green circle chemical7-Octen-2-ol, 2-methyl-6-methylene-, dihydro deriv. 53219-21-9
Yellow triangle chemical9-Decen-1-ol (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)13019-22-2
Yellow triangle chemicalalpha-Ionone (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)127-41-3
Yellow triangle chemicalalpha-Isomethylionone (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)127-51-5
Yellow triangle chemicalalpha-Methyl ionone (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)7779-30-8
Half Green circle chemicalalpha-Terpineol 98-55-5
Yellow triangle chemicalAmyl acetate (*Known sensitizer, see above.)628-63-7
Yellow triangle chemicalAmyl salicylate (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)2050-08-0
Half Green circle chemicalBalinol 28219-61-6
Yellow triangle chemicalBenzenepentanol, gamma-methyl- (*Known sensitizer, see above.)55066-48-3
Grey square chemicalBenzyl alcohol (*Flagged on 12/20/2013 for removal from SCIL in 12 months)100-51-6
Yellow triangle chemicalBenzyl salicylate (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)118-58-1
Yellow triangle chemicalBenzyldimethyl carbinyl acetate (*Known sensitizer, see above.)151-05-3
Yellow triangle chemicalbeta-Ionone (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)14901-07-6
Yellow triangle chemicalButanoic acid, 3-methyl-, 3-methylbutyl ester (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)659-70-1
Yellow triangle chemicalCalone (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)28940-11-6
Yellow triangle chemicalCamphene (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)79-92-5
Yellow triangle chemicalCarvone (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)99-49-0
Yellow triangle chemicalcis-3-hexenol (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)928-96-1
Yellow triangle chemicalCitronellal (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)106-23-0
Yellow triangle chemicalCitronellol (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)106-22-9
Yellow triangle chemicalCitronelloxyacetaldehyde (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)7492-67-3
Yellow triangle chemicalCitronellyl acetate (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)150-84-5
Yellow triangle chemicalCuminaldehyde (*Known sensitizer, see above.)122-03-2
Yellow triangle chemicalCyclohexanecarboxylic acid, 2,2-dimethyl-6-methylene-, methyl ester (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)81752-87-6
Yellow triangle chemicalCyclohexanepropanol, 2,2,6-trimethyl-.alpha.-propyl- (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)70788-30-6
Yellow triangle chemicalCyclohexanone, 2-(1-mercapto-1-methylethyl)-5-methyl- (*Known sensitizer, see above.)38462-22-5
Yellow triangle chemicalCyclopentanone, 2-pentyl- (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)4819-67-4
Yellow triangle chemicalDecaldehyde (*Known sensitizer, see above.)112-31-2
Yellow triangle chemicaldelta-Damascone (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)57378-68-4
Yellow triangle chemicaldelta-Decalactone (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)705-86-2
Yellow triangle chemicaldelta-Dodecalactone (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)713-95-1
Yellow triangle chemicalDicyclopentadiene propionate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)68912-13-0
Green circle chemicalDiethyl malonate 105-53-3
Half Green circle chemicalDihydrocitronellol 106-21-8
Half Green circle chemicalDihydromyrcenol 18479-58-8
Yellow triangle chemicalDiisobutyl carbinyl acetate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)10250-45-0
Green circle chemicalDimethyl malonate 108-59-8
Yellow triangle chemicalDimethyl tetrahydrobenzaldehyde (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)68737-61-1
Yellow triangle chemicalDimethylallyl acetate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)1191-16-8
Yellow triangle chemicalDipentene (*Known sensitizer, see above.)138-86-3
Yellow triangle chemicalDiphenyl oxide (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)101-84-8
Yellow triangle chemicalD-Menthol (*Known sensitizer, see above.)15356-60-2
Yellow triangle chemicalDodecanal (*Known sensitizer, see above.)112-54-9
Yellow triangle chemicalEthyl butyrate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)105-54-4
Yellow triangle chemicalEthyl dimethylhydrocinnamaldehyde (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)67634-15-5
Half Green circle chemicalEthyl ester 2-methylbutanoic acid 7452-79-1
Yellow triangle chemicalEthyl isovalerate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)108-64-5
Yellow triangle chemicalEthyl linalool (*Known sensitizer, see above.)10339-55-6
Yellow triangle chemicalEthyl linalyl acetate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)61931-80-4
Yellow triangle chemicalEthyl undecylenate (*Repeat dose toxicant, see above.)692-86-4
Half Green circle chemicalEthyl vanillin 121-32-4
Half Green circle chemicalEthylene brassylate 105-95-3
Yellow triangle chemicalEucalyptol (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)470-82-6
Half Green circle chemicalFlorol 63500-71-0
Half Green circle chemicalgamma-Decalactone 706-14-9
Half Green circle chemicalgamma-Heptalactone 105-21-5
Half Green circle chemicalgamma-Hexalactone 695-06-7
Half Green circle chemicalgamma-Nonalactone 104-61-0
Half Green circle chemicalgamma-Octalactone 104-50-7
Yellow triangle chemicalgamma-Terpinene (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)99-85-4
Half Green circle chemicalGamma-undecalactone 104-67-6
Green circle chemicalGlycerol triacetate 102-76-1
Half Green circle chemicalHelvetolide 141773-73-1
Yellow triangle chemicalHexanal (*Known sensitizer, see above.)66-25-1
Half Green circle chemicalHexanoic acid, ethyl ester 123-66-0
Half Green circle chemicalHexyl acetate 142-92-7
Yellow triangle chemicalHexyl Salicylate (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)6259-76-3
Yellow triangle chemicalHydroxycitronellal (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)107-75-5
Yellow triangle chemicalIndole (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)120-72-9
Yellow triangle chemicalIonone (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)8013-90-9
Half Green circle chemicalIsoamyl acetate 123-92-2
Yellow triangle chemicalIsoamyl butyrate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)106-27-4
Yellow triangle chemicalIsoamyl salicylate (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)87-20-7
Half Green circle chemicalIsobutyl acetate 110-19-0
Yellow triangle chemicalIsobutyl salicylate (*Known sensitizer, see above)87-19-4
Yellow triangle chemicalIsocyclocitral (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)1335-66-6
Yellow triangle chemicalIsopropylphenylbutanal (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)125109-85-5
Yellow triangle chemicalIsopulegol (*Repeat dose toxicant, see above.)89-79-2
Half Green circle chemicalJasmal 18871-14-2
Half Green circle chemicalJasmin pyranol 38285-49-3
Yellow triangle chemicalJasmone (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)488-10-8
Yellow triangle chemicall-Carvone (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)6485-40-1
Yellow triangle chemicalLigustral (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)68039-49-6
Yellow triangle chemicalLinalool (*Known sensitizer, see above.)78-70-6
Yellow triangle chemicalLinalyl acetate (*Known sensitizer, see above.)115-95-7
Yellow triangle chemicalL-Menthol (*Known sensitizer, see above.)2216-51-5
Yellow triangle chemicalMelonal (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)106-72-9
Yellow triangle chemicalMenthol (unspecified isomer) (*Known sensitizer, see above.)1490-04-6
Yellow triangle chemicalMenthol, racemic (*Known sensitizer, see above.)89-78-1
Yellow triangle chemicalMethyl 2-nonenoate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)111-79-5
Yellow triangle chemicalMethyl 2-nonynoate (*Known sensitizer, see above.)111-80-8
Yellow triangle chemicalMethyl benzoate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)93-58-3
Yellow triangle chemicalMethyl delta ionone (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)79-89-0
Green circle chemicalMethyl dihydrojasmonate 24851-98-7
Yellow triangle chemicalMethyl undecylenate (*Repeat dose toxicant, see above.)111-81-9
Yellow triangle chemicalMethylionone (*Known sensitizer; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)1335-46-2
Half Green circle chemicalMuskonate 54982-83-1
Half Green circle chemicalMyrcenol 543-39-5
Yellow triangle chemicalNaphthalene, 2-ethoxy- (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)93-18-5
Yellow triangle chemicalNaphthalene, 2-methoxy- (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)93-04-9
Yellow triangle chemicalNonanal (*Known sensitizer, see above.)124-19-6
Yellow triangle chemicalOctanal (*Known sensitizer, see above.)124-13-0
Yellow triangle chemicalOctyl acetate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above)112-14-1
Half Green circle chemicalOxacycloheptadecan-2-one 109-29-5
Yellow triangle chemicalOxacyclohexadec-12-en-2-one, (12E)- (*Known sensitizer, see above.)111879-80-2
Yellow triangle chemicalOxacyclohexadec-12-en-2-one, (12Z)- (*Known sensitizer, see above.)111879-79-9
Yellow triangle chemicalOxacyclohexadec-13-en-2-one, (13E)- (*Known sensitizer, see above.)99219-32-6
Yellow triangle chemicalOxacyclohexadec-13-en-2-one, (13Z)- (*Known sensitizer, see above.)111879-81-3
Half Green circle chemicalOxacyclohexadecan-2-one 106-02-5
Yellow triangle chemicalOxirane, 2,2-dimethyl-3-(3-methyl-2,4-pentadien-1-yl)- (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)69103-20-4
Yellow triangle chemicalpara-Ethyl-alpha,alpha-dimethyl-hydrocinnamaldehyde (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)67634-14-4
Yellow triangle chemicalPropanoic acid, 2-methyl-, 3a,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-inden-5-yl ester (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above)67634-20-2
Yellow triangle chemicalPropanoic acid, 2-methyl-, 3a,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-4,7-methano-1H-inden-6-yl ester (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)68039-39-4
Half Green circle chemicalSandalore 65113-99-7
Yellow triangle chemicalScentenal (*Known sensitizer, see above.)86803-90-9
Yellow triangle chemicalSweet orange oil (*Known sensitizer, see above.)8008-57-9
Half Green circle chemicalTerpineol (mixed isomers) 8000-41-7
Half Green circle chemicalTerpineol acetate 8007-35-0
Yellow triangle chemicalTerpinolene (*Known sensitizer, see above.)586-62-9
Half Green circle chemicalTerpinyl acetate 80-26-2
Yellow triangle chemicalTetrahydrolinalool (*Known sensitizer, see above.)78-69-3
Yellow triangle chemicaltrans-3-Hexenol (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)928-97-2
Yellow triangle chemicalTricyclodecenyl propionate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)17511-60-3
Yellow triangle chemicalTriethyl citrate (*Known sensitizer, see above.)77-93-0
Yellow triangle chemicalUndecanal (*Known sensitizer, see above.)112-44-7
Yellow triangle chemicalUndecanal, 2-methyl- (*Known sensitizer, see above.)110-41-8
Green circle chemicalVanillin 121-33-5
Yellow triangle chemicalVanillyl acetone (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above)122-48-5
Yellow triangle chemicalVerdox (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data; repeat dose toxicant. See above.)88-41-5
Yellow triangle chemicalVerdyl acetate (*Lacks sufficient sensitization data, see above.)5413-60-5

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Oxidants and Oxidant Stabilizers

Evaluated chemicals that meet DfE's Criteria for Oxidants and Stabilizers (PDF) (1 pp, 29K, About PDF)
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Yellow triangle chemicalAminotrimethylene phosphonic acid (*Only allowed as an oxidant stabilizer)6419-19-8
Green circle chemicalHydrogen peroxide 7722-84-1
Yellow triangle chemicalPhosphonic acid (*Only allowed as an oxidant stabilizer)13598-36-2
Yellow triangle chemicalPhosphonic acid, [[(phosphonomethyl)imino]bis[2,1-ethanediylnitrilobis(methylene)]]tetrakis-, sodium salt (*Only allowed as an oxidant stabilizer)22042-96-2
Yellow triangle chemicalPhosphoric acid (*Only allowed as an oxidant stabilizer)7664-38-2
Yellow triangle chemicalPotassium stannate (*Only allowed as an oxidant stabilizer)12142-33-5
Yellow triangle chemicalSodium nitrate (*Only allowed as an oxidant and preservative stabilizer)7631-99-4
Green circle chemicalSodium percarbonate 15630-89-4
Green circle chemicalSodium peroxydisulfate 7775-27-1
Yellow triangle chemicalSodium stannate (*Only allowed as an oxidant stabilizer)12058-66-1
Green circle chemicalTetraacetyl ethylene diamine 10543-57-4

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Polymers

Evaluated chemicals that meet DfE's Criteria for Colorants, Polymers, Preservatives, and Related Chemicals (PDF) (3 pp, 90K, About PDF)
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Green circle chemical(C16-C18)Alkyloxypolyethoxy ethyl methacrylate, ethyl acrylate, methacrylic acid polymer 70879-60-6
Green circle chemical2,5-Furandione, polymer with 1-propene 25722-45-6
Green circle chemical2,5-Furandione, polymer with 2,4,4-trimethylpentene, sodium salt 37199-81-8
Green circle chemical2,5-Furandione, polymer with ethenylbenzene, ammonium salt 26022-09-3
Green circle chemical2,5-Furandione, telomer with ethenylbenzene and (1-methylethyl)benzene, sodium salt 52500-92-2
Green circle chemical2-Butenedioic acid (2Z)-, polymer with 2-propenoic acid 29132-58-9
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, butyl ester, polymer with butyl 2-propenoate and methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate 25322-99-0
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, butyl ester, polymer with methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate 25608-33-7
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, methyl ester, polymer with ethenylbenzene and 2-propenoic acid 25767-39-9
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with 2-propenoic acid, sodium salt 28205-96-1
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with butyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate, butyl 2-propenoate, ethenylbenzene and methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate 25950-40-7
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with butyl 2-propenoate and ethenylbenzene 25036-16-2
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with butyl 2-propenoate and methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate 25035-69-2
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with butyl 2-propenoate, (1-methylethenyl)benzene and methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate 94031-39-7
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with butyl 2-propenoate, ethene, ethenylbenzene, ethyl 2-propenoate and methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate 67892-91-5
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with butyl 2-propenoate, ethenylbenzene and methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate 25987-66-0
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with butyl 2-propenoate, ethenylbenzene and methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate, calcium salt 137899-00-4
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with butyl 2-propenoate, ethenylbenzene, ethyl 2-propenoate and methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate 63744-68-3
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with butyl 2-propenoate, ethenylbenzene, methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate and 2-propenenitrile 31392-42-4
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with ethenylbenzene 9010-92-8
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with ethenylbenzene and methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate 25035-81-8
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with ethenylbenzene, ethyl 2-propenoate, methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate and 1,2-propanediol mono(2-methyl-2-propenoate) 65405-63-2
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with ethyl 2-propenoate 25212-88-8
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, 2-methyl-, polymer with methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate 25086-15-1
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, homopolymer 9003-01-4
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, homopolymer, sodium salt 9003-04-7
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, polymer with 2,5-furandione, sodium salt 52255-49-9
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, potassium salt (1:1), polymer with 2-propenamide 31212-13-2
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, telomer with sodium hydrogen sulfite, sodium salt 68479-09-4
Green circle chemical2-Propenoic acid, telomer with sodium sulfite (1:1) 66019-18-9
Green circle chemicalButanedioic acid, 2-methylene-, polymer with 2-propenoic acid, sodium salt 26099-88-7
Green circle chemicalButanoic acid, 3-oxo-, 2-[(2-methyl-1-oxo-2-propen-1-yl)oxy]ethyl ester, polymer with butyl 2-propenoate, 2-ethylhexyl 2-propenoate, methyl 2-methyl-2-propenoate, 2-methyl-2-propenoic acid and 2-propen-1-yl 2-methyl-2-propenoate 156042-41-0
Green circle chemicalEthene, homopolymer, oxidized 68441-17-8
Green circle chemicalEthylene/acrylic acid copolymer 9010-77-9
Green circle chemicalGlycerol poly(oxyethylene) ether 31694-55-0
Green circle chemicalOctadecanoic acid, 12-hydroxy-, polymer with alpha-hydro-omega-hydroxypoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) 70142-34-6
Green circle chemicalPolybutene 9003-29-6
Green circle chemicalPolyethylene glycol 25322-68-3
Green circle chemicalPolymaleic acid 26099-09-2
Green circle chemicalPolymethacrylic acid 25087-26-7
Green circle chemicalPolypropylene 9003-07-0
Green circle chemicalPolyvinylpyrrolidone 9003-39-8
Green circle chemicalSodium ligninsulfonate 8061-51-6
Green circle chemicalSodium polymethacrylate 54193-36-1
Green circle chemicalVinyl acetate vinyl alcohol polymer 25213-24-5

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Preservatives and Antioxidants

Evaluated chemicals that meet DfE's Criteria for Colorants, Polymers, Preservatives, and Related Chemicals (PDF) (3 pp, 90K, About PDF)
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Yellow triangle chemical1,2-Benzisothiazol-3(2H)-one 2634-33-5
Green circle chemicalBenzoic acid 65-85-0
Green circle chemicalBenzoic acid, potassium salt 582-25-2
Green circle chemicalBenzoic acid, sodium Salt 532-32-1
Yellow triangle chemicalDehydroacetic acid 520-45-6
Green circle chemicalDL-alpha-Tocopherol 10191-41-0
Green circle chemicalDL-Lactic acid 50-21-5
Green circle chemicalL-Lactic acid 79-33-4
Yellow triangle chemicalMagnesium nitrate (*Only allowed as a preservative stabilizer)10377-60-3
Yellow triangle chemicalMagnesium(II) nitrate, hexahydrate (*Only allowed as a preservative stabilizer)13446-18-9
Yellow triangle chemicalMethyl chloro isothiazolinone 26172-55-4
Yellow triangle chemicalMethyl isothiazolinone 2682-20-4
Green circle chemicalPentaerythritol, tetrakis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyhydrocinnamate) 6683-19-8
Yellow triangle chemicalPhenoxyethanol (*Yellow, due in part to its status as a Hazardous Air Pollutant HAP under the Clean Air Act.)122-99-6
Green circle chemicalPotassium sorbate 590-00-1
Green circle chemicalPotassium sorbate (E,E) 24634-61-5
Yellow triangle chemicalSodium nitrate (*Only allowed as an oxidant and preservative stabilizer)7631-99-4
Green circle chemicalSodium propionate 137-40-6
Green circle chemicalSorbic acid 110-44-1
Green circle chemicalTocopherol acetate 7695-91-2
Green circle chemicalVitamin E acetate 58-95-7

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Processing Aids and Additives

Evaluated chemicals that meet DfE's Criteria for Processing Aids and Additives (PDF) (5 pp, 64K, About PDF)
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Green circle chemicalAcetic acid 64-19-7
Green circle chemicalalpha-Methylglucoside 97-30-3
Green circle chemicalAscorbic acid 50-81-7
Green circle chemicalBentonite 1302-78-9
Green circle chemicalCalcined kaolin 66402-68-4
Green circle chemicalCalcium acetate 62-54-4
Green circle chemicalCalcium carbonate 471-34-1
Green circle chemicalCalcium chloride, anhydrous 10043-52-4
Green circle chemicalCalcium chloride, dihydrate 10035-04-8
Green circle chemicalCalcium citrate 813-94-5
Green circle chemicalCalcium formate 544-17-2
Green circle chemicalCalcium magnesium acetate 76123-46-1
Green circle chemicalCalcium silicate 1344-95-2
Green circle chemicalCanola oil 120962-03-0
Green circle chemicalCarrageenan 9000-07-1
Green circle chemicalCellulose 9004-34-6
Green circle chemicalCellulose, 2-hydroxypropyl methyl ether 9004-65-3
Green circle chemicalCellulose, carboxymethyl ether, sodium salt 9004-32-4
Green circle chemicalCellulose, regenerated 68442-85-3
Green circle chemicalCitric acid, anhydrous 77-92-9
Green circle chemicalCitric acid, monohydrate 5949-29-1
Green circle chemicalCoconut oil 8001-31-8
Green circle chemicalCorn gluten protein 66071-96-3
Green circle chemicalCorn oil 8001-30-7
Green circle chemicalCorn sugar syrup 8029-43-4
Green circle chemicalDextrin 9004-53-9
Green circle chemicalD-Gluconic acid 526-95-4
Green circle chemicalD-Glucose 50-99-7
Green circle chemicalDipotassium hydrogen citrate 3609-96-9
Green circle chemicalDisodium disilicate 13870-28-5
Green circle chemicalDisulfurous acid, disodium salt 7681-57-4
Green circle chemicalDL-Lactic acid 50-21-5
Green circle chemicalFumaric acid 110-17-8
Green circle chemicalGlass fibers 65997-17-3
Green circle chemicalGluconolactone 90-80-2
Green circle chemicalGlycine 56-40-6
Green circle chemicalGuar gum 9000-30-0
Green circle chemicalHydrated silica 112926-00-8
Yellow triangle chemicalHydrochloric acid (aqueous) (*Yellow, due to its status as a Hazardous Air Pollutant HAP under the Clean Air Act.)7647-01-0
Green circle chemicalHydroxyethyl cellulose 9004-62-0
Green circle chemicalHydroxypropyl cellulose 9004-64-2
Green circle chemicalInulin, carboxymethyl ether, sodium salt 430439-54-6
Green circle chemicalKaolin 1332-58-7
Green circle chemicalLimestone 1317-65-3
Green circle chemicalL-Lactic acid 79-33-4
Green circle chemicalMagnesium acetate 142-72-3
Green circle chemicalMagnesium chloride, anhydrous 7786-30-3
Green circle chemicalMagnesium chloride, hexahydrate 7791-18-6
Green circle chemicalMagnesium hydroxide 1309-42-8
Green circle chemicalMagnesium oxide 1309-48-4
Green circle chemicalMagnesium sulfate, anhydrous 7487-88-9
Green circle chemicalMagnesium sulfate, heptahydrate 10034-99-8
Green circle chemicalMalic acid 6915-15-7
Green circle chemicalMaltodextrin 9050-36-6
Green circle chemicalMethanesulfonic acid 75-75-2
Green circle chemicalMethyl cellulose 9004-67-5
Green circle chemicalMolasses, blackstrap 8052-35-5
Green circle chemicalNepheline syenite 37244-96-5
Green circle chemicalOlive oil 8001-25-0
Green circle chemicalPalm oil 8002-75-3
Green circle chemicalPerlite 93763-70-3
Green circle chemicalPotassium acetate 127-08-2
Green circle chemicalPotassium bicarbonate 298-14-6
Green circle chemicalPotassium carbonate, anhydrous 584-08-7
Green circle chemicalPotassium chloride 7447-40-7
Green circle chemicalPotassium citrate, anhydrous 866-84-2
Green circle chemicalPotassium citrate, monohydrate 6100-05-6
Green circle chemicalPotassium hydroxide 1310-58-3
Green circle chemicalPotassium silicate 1312-76-1
Green circle chemicalPotassium sulfate 7778-80-5
Green circle chemicalPumice 1332-09-8
Green circle chemicalSilanamine, 1,1,1-trimethyl-N-(trimethylsilyl)-, hydrolysis products with silica 68909-20-6
Green circle chemicalSilica 7631-86-9
Green circle chemicalSilica gel 63231-67-4
Green circle chemicalSilicic acid, disodium salt, pentahydrate 10213-79-3
Green circle chemicalSilicon carbide 409-21-2
Green circle chemicalSmectite-group minerals 12199-37-0
Green circle chemicalSodium acetate 127-09-3
Green circle chemicalSodium bicarbonate 144-55-8
Green circle chemicalSodium bisulfate 7681-38-1
Green circle chemicalSodium carbonate, anhydrous 497-19-8
Green circle chemicalSodium carbonate, monohydrate 5968-11-6
Green circle chemicalSodium chloride 7647-14-5
Green circle chemicalSodium citrate, anhydrous 68-04-2
Green circle chemicalSodium citrate, dihydrate 6132-04-3
Green circle chemicalSodium dihydrogen citrate 18996-35-5
Green circle chemicalSodium formate 141-53-7
Green circle chemicalSodium gluconate 527-07-1
Green circle chemicalSodium hydroxide 1310-73-2
Green circle chemicalSodium magnesium silicate 53320-86-8
Green circle chemicalSodium metasilicate 6834-92-0
Green circle chemicalSodium propionate 137-40-6
Green circle chemicalSodium sesquicarbonate 533-96-0
Green circle chemicalSodium silicate 1344-09-8
Green circle chemicalSodium sulfate 7757-82-6
Green circle chemicalSodium sulfite 7757-83-7
Green circle chemicalSodium thiosulfate 7772-98-7
Green circle chemicalSodium thiosulfate, pentahydrate 10102-17-7
Green circle chemicalSorbitol 50-70-4
Green circle chemicalSoybean oil 8001-22-7
Green circle chemicalStarch 9005-25-8
Green circle chemicalStarch, 2-hydroxypropyl ether 9049-76-7
Green circle chemicalSucrose 57-50-1
Green circle chemicalSulfamic acid 5329-14-6
Green circle chemicalSulfurous acid, monosodium salt 7631-90-5
Green circle chemicalTitanium(IV) oxide 13463-67-7
Green circle chemicalVinegar 8028-52-2
Green circle chemicalXanthan gum 11138-66-2
Green circle chemicalZeolites 1318-02-1
Green circle chemicalZeolites, NaA 68989-22-0

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Solvents

Evaluated chemicals that meet DfE's Criteria for Solvents
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Yellow triangle chemical(d)-Limonene (*Must meet Section 5.5.2. *Yellow due to hazard concerns, but allowed to provide functionality while meeting DfE VOC criteria. See section 4.2.7.1.)5989-27-5
Green circle chemical1-(2-Methoxy-1-methylethoxy)-2-propanol 20324-32-7
Green circle chemical1,1'-Dimethyldiethylene glycol 110-98-5
Green circle chemical1,2-Propanediol 57-55-6
Green circle chemical1,3-Butanediol 107-88-0
Half Green circle chemical1,3-Dioxolan-2-one, 4-ethyl- 4437-85-8
Green circle chemical1,3-Propanediol 504-63-2
Yellow triangle chemical1-Dodecanol (*Yellow due to hazard concerns, but allowed to provide functionality while meeting DfE VOC criteria. See section 4.2.7.1.)112-53-8
Green circle chemical1-Methoxy-2-propanol 107-98-2
Green circle chemical1-Propoxy-2-propanol 1569-01-3
Green circle chemical2-Methyl-2,4-pentanediol 107-41-5
Green circle chemical3-Methyl-3-methoxybutanol 56539-66-3
Half Green circle chemical4-Hydroxymethyl-1,3-dioxolan-2-one 931-40-8
Green circle chemicalButyl 3-hydroxybutyrate 53605-94-0
Yellow triangle chemicalDiethylene glycol mono-N-butyl ether (*Yellow, due in part to its status as a Hazardous Air Pollutant HAP under the Clean Air Act. *Yellow due to hazard concerns, but allowed to provide functionality while meeting DfE VOC criteria. See section 4.2.7.1.)112-34-5
Green circle chemicalDimethyl adipate 627-93-0
Green circle chemicalDimethyl glutarate 1119-40-0
Green circle chemicalDimethyl succinate 106-65-0
Green circle chemicalDipropylene glycol 25265-71-8
Green circle chemicalDipropylene glycol methyl ether 34590-94-8
Yellow triangle chemicalDipropylene glycol monobutyl ether (*Yellow due to hazard concerns, but allowed to provide functionality while meeting DfE VOC criteria. See section 4.2.7.1.)29911-28-2
Green circle chemicalEthanol 64-17-5
Half Green circle chemicalEthyl lactate 97-64-3
Yellow triangle chemicalFatty acids, C12-18, methyl esters (*Yellow due to hazard concerns, but allowed to provide functionality while meeting DfE VOC criteria. See section 4.2.7.1.)68937-84-8
Yellow triangle chemicalFatty acids, C16-18 and C18-unsatd., methyl esters (*Yellow due to hazard concerns, but allowed to provide functionality while meeting DfE VOC criteria. See section 4.2.7.1.)67762-38-3
Green circle chemicalGlycerides, mixed decanoyl and octanoyl 73398-61-5
Green circle chemicalGlycerol 56-81-5
Green circle chemicalIsopropanol 67-63-0
Green circle chemicalPentanedioic acid, 2-methyl-, 1,5-dimethyl ester 14035-94-0
Yellow triangle chemicalPolypropylene glycol (*Yellow due to hazard concerns, but allowed to provide functionality while meeting DfE VOC criteria. See section 4.2.7.1.)25322-69-4
Green circle chemicalPropanol 1 (or 2)-2-methoxymethyl ethoxy, acetate 88917-22-0
Yellow triangle chemicalPropanol, [2-(2-methoxymethylethoxy)methylethoxy]- (*Yellow due to hazard concerns, but allowed to provide functionality while meeting DfE VOC criteria. See section 4.2.7.1.)25498-49-1
Green circle chemicalPropylene carbonate 108-32-7
Green circle chemicalPropylene glycol methyl ether acetate 108-65-6
Green circle chemicalPropylene glycol n-butyl ether 5131-66-8
Yellow triangle chemicalSoybean oil, methyl esters (*Yellow due to hazard concerns, but allowed to provide functionality while meeting DfE VOC criteria. See section 4.2.7.1.)67784-80-9
Green circle chemicalTripropylene glycol n-butyl ether 55934-93-5
Green circle chemicalWater 7732-18-5
Green circle chemicalWhite mineral oil, petroleum 8042-47-5

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Specialized Industrial Chemicals

These chemicals are only eligible for use in specialized industrial products and are qualified based on(DfE's Criteria for Specialized Industrial Products (4 pp, 58K, About PDF)) [see also Section 4.6 of the DfE Standard for Safer Products (PDF)] (37 pp, 258K, About PDF)
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Yellow triangle chemical1H-Imidazole-1-ethanol, 2-(heptadecenyl)-4,5-dihydro- 27136-73-8
Yellow triangle chemicalAmphoteric fluorinated surfactant 34455-29-3
Yellow triangle chemicalBoron, trifluoro(tetrahydrofuran)-, (T-4)-, polymer with 3-methyl-3-[(2,2,2-trifluoroethoxy)methyl]oxetane, ether with 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-propanediol (2:1), bis(hydrogen sulfate), diammonium salt 452080-64-7
Yellow triangle chemicalBoron, trifluoro(tetrahydrofuran)-, (T-4)-, polymer with 3-methyl-3-[(2,2,3,3,3-pentafluoropropoxy)methyl]oxetane, ether with 2,2-dimethyl-1,3-propanediol (2:1), bis(hydrogen sulfate), diammonium salt 452080-67-0
Yellow triangle chemicalEthanolamine 141-43-5
Yellow triangle chemicalHalogenated aliphatic acid 27619-97-2
Yellow triangle chemicalTri-2-Butoxyethyl phosphate 78-51-3
Yellow triangle chemicalTriethanolamine 102-71-6

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Surfactants

Evaluated chemicals that meet DfE's Safer Surfactant Criteria
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Green circle chemical1-Dodecanesulfonic acid, hydroxy-, sodium salt 128824-30-6
Green circle chemical1-Propanaminium, 3-amino-N-(carboxymethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-, N-(C8-18 and C18-unsatd. acyl) derivs., inner salts 147170-44-3
Green circle chemical1-Propanaminium, 3-amino-N-(carboxymethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-, N-coco acyl derivs., chlorides, sodium salts 61789-39-7
Green circle chemical1-Propanaminium, 3-amino-N-(carboxymethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-, N-coco acyl derivs., inner salts 61789-40-0
Green circle chemical1-Propanaminium, N-(carboxymethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-3-[(1-oxodecyl)amino]-, inner salt 73772-45-9
Green circle chemical1-Propanaminium, N-(carboxymethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-3-[(1-oxooctyl)amino]-, inner salt 73772-46-0
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C10-12, ethoxylated propoxylated 68154-97-2
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C10-14, ethoxylated 66455-15-0
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C10-16, ethoxylated 68002-97-1
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C10-16, ethoxylated propoxylated 69227-22-1
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C11-15-secondary, ethoxylated 68131-40-8
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C12-13, ethoxylated 66455-14-9
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C12-14, ethoxylated 68439-50-9
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C12-14, ethoxylated propoxylated 68439-51-0
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C12-14-secondary, ethoxylated 84133-50-6
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C12-15, ethoxylated 68131-39-5
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C12-15, ethoxylated propoxylated 68551-13-3
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C12-15-branched and linear, ethoxylated propoxylated 120313-48-6
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C12-16, ethoxylated 68551-12-2
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C12-18 67762-25-8
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C12-18, ethers with polyethylene glycol mono-Bu ether 146340-16-1
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C12-18, ethoxylated 68213-23-0
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C14-15, ethoxylated 68951-67-7
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C16-18, ethoxylated 68439-49-6
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C6-10, ethoxylated 70879-83-3
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C6-10, ethoxylated propoxylated 68987-81-5
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C6-12, ethoxylated 68439-45-2
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C8-10, ethoxylated 71060-57-6
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C8-10, ethoxylated propoxylated 68603-25-8
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C8-18, ethoxylated propoxylated 69013-18-9
Green circle chemicalAlcohols, C9-11, ethoxylated 68439-46-3
Green circle chemicalAlkyl(C12-C16)alcohol sulfate sodium salt 73296-89-6
Green circle chemicalAmines, C10-16-alkyldimethyl, N-oxides 70592-80-2
Green circle chemicalAmines, C12-18-alkyldimethyl, N-oxides 68955-55-5
Green circle chemicalAmines, coco alkyl dihydroxyethyl, oxides 61791-47-7
Green circle chemicalAmmonium lauryl sulfate 2235-54-3
Green circle chemicalAmmonium xylenesulfonate 26447-10-9
Green circle chemicalBenzene, (1-methylethyl)-, monosulfo deriv., sodium salt (1:1) 32073-22-6
Green circle chemicalBenzenesulfonic acid, 4-C10-13-sec-alkyl derivs., sodium salts 127184-52-5
Green circle chemicalBenzenesulfonic acid, C10-14-alkyl derivs., sodium salts 69669-44-9
Green circle chemicalBenzenesulfonic acid, C10-16-alkyl derivs. 68584-22-5
Green circle chemicalBenzenesulfonic acid, C10-16-alkyl derivs., magnesium salts 68584-26-9
Green circle chemicalBenzenesulfonic acid, mono-C10-16-alkyl derivs., sodium salts 68081-81-2
Green circle chemicalBetaines, C10-16-alkyl(2-hydroxy-3-sulfopropyl)dimethyl 72869-77-3
Green circle chemicalBis(1-methylamyl) sodium sulfosuccinate 3006-15-3
Grey square chemicalBis(2-ethylhexyl) sodium sulfosuccinate (*Flagged on 12/20/2013 for removal from SCIL in 12 months.)577-11-7
Green circle chemicalButanedioic acid, sulfo-, mono(C10-C16)alkyl ethoxylated ester, disodium salt 68815-56-5
Green circle chemicalC10-13 Alkyl benzenesulfonic acid, sodium salts 90194-45-9
Green circle chemicalCapric dimethyl amine oxide 2605-79-0
Green circle chemicalCastor oil, sulfated, sodium salt 68187-76-8
Green circle chemicalCetamine oxide 7128-91-8
Green circle chemicalCocamidopropyl hydroxysultaine 68139-30-0
Green circle chemicalCocamidopropylamine oxide 68155-09-9
Green circle chemicalCocamine oxide 61788-90-7
Green circle chemicalCoconut fatty acids, ethoxylated 61791-29-5
Green circle chemicalCoconut oil, sodium salt 68814-96-0
Green circle chemicalCyclocarboxypropyloleic acid 53980-88-4
Green circle chemicalDecylbenzenesulfonic acid 1322-98-1
Green circle chemicalD-Glucopyranose, oligomeric, 2-ethylhexyl glycosides 161074-93-7
Green circle chemicalD-Glucopyranose, oligomeric, 6-(dihydrogen 2-hydroxy-1,2,3-propanetricarboxylate), 1-(coco alkyl) ethers, sodium salts 151911-51-2
Green circle chemicalD-Glucopyranose, oligomeric, C10-16-alkyl glycosides 110615-47-9
Green circle chemicalD-Glucopyranose, oligomeric, C10-16-alkyl glycosides, 2-hydroxy-3-sulfopropyl ethers, sodium salts 742087-49-6
Green circle chemicalD-Glucopyranose, oligomeric, C9-11-alkyl glycosides 132778-08-6
Green circle chemicalD-Glucopyranose, oligomeric, decyl octyl glycosides 68515-73-1
Green circle chemicalD-Glucopyranoside, hexyl 54549-24-5
Green circle chemicalDiethylene glycol momolauryl ether sodium sulfate 3088-31-1
Green circle chemicalDisodium lauriminodipropionate 3655-00-3
Green circle chemicalDodecanoic acid 143-07-7
Green circle chemicalDodecanoic acid, sodium salt 629-25-4
Green circle chemicalDodecene-1-sulfonic acid, sodium salt 30965-85-6
Green circle chemicalDodecyl alcohol, ethoxylated 9002-92-0
Green circle chemicalDodecyl triethylene glycol ether 3055-94-5
Green circle chemicalDodecylbenzene sulfonic acid 27176-87-0
Green circle chemicalEthanaminium, 2-hydroxy-N-(2-hydroxyethyl)-N,N-dimethyl-, esters with C16-18 and C18-unsatd. fatty acids, chlorides 1079184-43-2
Green circle chemicalEthanaminium, 2-hydroxy-N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)-N-methyl-, esters with C16-18 and C18-unsatd. fatty acids, methyl sulfates (salts) 157905-74-3
Green circle chemicalEthanaminium, N,N-dimethyl-2-[(1-oxooctadecyl)oxy]-N-[2-[(1-oxooctadecyl)oxy]ethyl]-, chloride 67846-68-8
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, C12-18, methyl esters, sulfonated, sodium salts 149458-07-1
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, C16-18 and C18-unsatd. 67701-08-0
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, C8-18 and C18-unsatd. 67701-05-7
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, coco 61788-47-4
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, coco, sodium salts 61789-31-9
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, coconut oil, potassium salts 61789-30-8
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, coconut oil, sulfoethyl esters, sodium salts 61789-32-0
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, palm kernel-oil, methyl esters, sulfonated, sodium salts 68440-13-1
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, tall-oil 61790-12-3
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, tall-oil, potassium salts 61790-44-1
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, tallow 61790-37-2
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, tallow, hydrogenated, compds. with triethanolamine 68605-97-0
Green circle chemicalFatty acids, tallow, sodium salts 8052-48-0
Green circle chemicalGardol 137-16-6
Green circle chemicalGlycerides, C14-18 mono- and di- 67701-33-1
Green circle chemicalGlycerides, C16-18 and C18-unsatd. mono- and di- 68424-61-3
Green circle chemicalGlycerine oleate 37220-82-9
Green circle chemicalGlyceryl stearates 11099-07-3
Green circle chemicalGlycol distearate 627-83-8
Green circle chemicalHeptadecanoic acid 506-12-7
Green circle chemicalHexyl poly(oxyethylene) ether 31726-34-8
Green circle chemicalImidazolium compounds, 1-[2-(2-carboxyethoxy)ethyl]-1(or 3)-(2-carboxyethyl)-4,5-dihydro-2-norcoco alkyl, hydroxides, disodium salts 68604-71-7
Green circle chemicalIsopropanol 67-63-0
Green circle chemicalLauramidopropyl betaine 4292-10-8
Green circle chemicalLauramidopropylamine oxide 61792-31-2
Green circle chemicalLauryl hydroxysultaine 13197-76-7
Green circle chemicalLauryldimethylbetaine 683-10-3
Green circle chemicalLinoleic acid 60-33-3
Green circle chemicalMagnesium lauryl sulfate 3097-08-3
Green circle chemicalMethyl laurate 111-82-0
Green circle chemicalMyristamido propylamine oxide 67806-10-4
Green circle chemicalMyristamidopropyl betaine 59272-84-3
Green circle chemicalMyristyl alcohol, ethoxylated 27306-79-2
Green circle chemicalN-(3-Alkyl(C12-C15)oxypropyl)-3-iminodipropionic acid, monosodium salt 68608-69-5
Green circle chemicalN,N-Dimethyl-1-tetradecanamine-N-oxide 3332-27-2
Green circle chemicalN,N-Dimethyldodecylamine oxide 1643-20-5
Green circle chemicaln-Octyl-polyoxyethylene 27252-75-1
Green circle chemicalN-Octylpyrrolidone 2687-94-7
Green circle chemicalOctanoic acid 124-07-2
Green circle chemicalOctanoic acid, potassium salt 764-71-6
Green circle chemicalOctanoic acid, reaction products with 2-[(2-aminoethyl)amino]ethanol, acrylic acid alkylated (1:2), disodium salts 68815-55-4
Green circle chemicalOctyldimethylamine oxide 2605-78-9
Green circle chemicalOctyldimethylbetaine 27593-14-2
Green circle chemicalOleic acid 112-80-1
Green circle chemicalOleic acid, sodium salt 143-19-1
Green circle chemicalOxirane, 2-methyl-, polymer with oxirane, mono(2-propylheptyl) ether 166736-08-9
Green circle chemicalOxirane, methyl-, polymer with oxirane, mono(2-ethylhexyl) ether 64366-70-7
Green circle chemicalPalmitic acid 57-10-3
Green circle chemicalPoloxalene 9003-11-6
Green circle chemicalPoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), .alpha.-(3-carboxy-1-oxo-3-sulfopropyl)-.omega.-(dodecyloxy)-, disodium salt 39354-45-5
Green circle chemicalPoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), .alpha.-(carboxymethyl)-.omega.-(octyloxy)- 53563-70-5
Green circle chemicalPoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), .alpha.-decyl-.omega.-hydroxy- 26183-52-8
Green circle chemicalPoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha-(2-propylheptyl)-omega-hydroxy- 160875-66-1
Green circle chemicalPoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha-(3-carboxy-1-oxosulfopropyl)-omega-hydroxy-, C10-12-alkyl ethers, disodium salts 68954-91-6
Green circle chemicalPoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha-(carboxymethyl)-omega-hydroxy-, C12-13-alkyl ethers 70750-17-3
Green circle chemicalPoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha-(carboxymethyl)-omega-hydroxy-,C12-14-alkyl ethers 220622-96-8
Green circle chemicalPoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha-butyl-omega-(octyloxy)- 109075-72-1
Green circle chemicalPoly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl), alpha-undecyl-omega-hydroxy-, branched and linear 127036-24-2
Green circle chemicalPolyethylene glycol distearate 9005-08-7
Green circle chemicalPolyethylene glycol mono(tridecyl) ether 24938-91-8
Green circle chemicalPolyethylene glycol mono-C10-16-alkyl ether sulfate sodium salt 68585-34-2
Green circle chemicalPolyethylene glycol mono-C12-14-alkyl ether sulfate sodium salt 68891-38-3
Green circle chemicalPolyethylene glycol monoleyl ether 9004-98-2
Green circle chemicalPolyethylene glycol stearate 9004-99-3
Half Green circle chemicalPolyoxyethylene dioleate 9005-07-6
Green circle chemicalPolyoxyethylene monoleate 9004-96-0
Green circle chemicalPolyoxyethylene monooctadecyl ether 9005-00-9
Green circle chemicalPolyoxyethylene monoundecyl ether 34398-01-1
Green circle chemicalPolyoxyethylene sorbitan trioleate 9005-70-3
Green circle chemicalPolysorbate 80 9005-65-6
Green circle chemicalPotassium acrylinoleate 68127-33-3
Green circle chemicalPotassium dodecylbenzene sulfonate 27177-77-1
Green circle chemicalPotassium linoleate 3414-89-9
Green circle chemicalPropanoic acid, 2-hydroxy-, 2-(C10-16-alkyloxy)-1-methyl-2-oxoethyl ester 910661-93-7
Green circle chemicalQuaternary ammonium compounds, bis(hydroxyethyl)methyltallow alkyl, ethoxylated, methyl sulfates (salts) 73138-81-5
Green circle chemicalQuaternary ammonium compounds, coco alkylbis(hydroxyethyl)methyl, ethoxylated, chlorides 61791-10-4
Green circle chemicalSodium 1-methoxy-1-oxohexadecane-2-sulphonate 4016-24-4
Green circle chemicalSodium 1-octanesulfonate 5324-84-5
Green circle chemicalSodium cocoyl glutamate 68187-32-6
Green circle chemicalSodium cumene sulfonate 28348-53-0
Green circle chemicalSodium dodecylpoly(oxyethylene) sulfate 9004-82-4
Green circle chemicalSodium ethasulfate 126-92-1
Green circle chemicalSodium laurimino dipropionate 14960-06-6
Green circle chemicalSodium lauryl benzene sulfonate 25155-30-0
Green circle chemicalSodium lauryl sulfate 151-21-3
Green circle chemicalSodium lauryl trioxyethylene sulfate 13150-00-0
Green circle chemicalSodium myristol sarcosinate 30364-51-3
Green circle chemicalSodium octyl sulfate 142-31-4
Green circle chemicalSodium polyoxyethylene tridecyl sulfate 25446-78-0
Green circle chemicalSodium stearate 822-16-2
Green circle chemicalSodium tridecylbenzene sulfonate 26248-24-8
Green circle chemicalSodium undecylbenzene sulfonate 27636-75-5
Green circle chemicalSodium xylene sulfonate 1300-72-7
Green circle chemicalSorbitan monolaurate 1338-39-2
Green circle chemicalSorbitan monooleate 1338-43-8
Green circle chemicalSorbitan monopalmitate 26266-57-9
Green circle chemicalSorbitan monostearate 1338-41-6
Green circle chemicalSorbitan sesquioleate 8007-43-0
Green circle chemicalSorbitan, monododecanoate, poly(oxy-1,2-ethanediyl) derivs. 9005-64-5
Green circle chemicalSoybean oil fatty acids 68308-53-2
Green circle chemicalSoybean oil, sulfated, sodium salt 61790-16-7
Green circle chemicalStearic acid 57-11-4
Green circle chemicalSulfonic acids, C10-18-alkane, sodium salts 68037-49-0
Green circle chemicalSulfonic acids, C14-16-alkane hydroxy and C14-16-alkene, sodium salts 68439-57-6
Green circle chemicalSulfonic acids, petroleum, sodium salts 68608-26-4
Green circle chemicalSulfuric acid, mono-C10-16-alkyl esters, ammonium salts 68081-96-9
Green circle chemicalSulfuric acid, mono-C10-16-alkyl esters, sodium salts 68585-47-7
Green circle chemicalSulfuric acid, mono-C12-18-alkyl esters, sodium salts 68955-19-1
Green circle chemicalTetradecanoic acid 544-63-8

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Uncategorized

Evaluated chemicals that meet DfE's Criteria for Colorants, Polymers, Preservatives, and Related Chemicals (PDF) (3 pp, 90K, About PDF)
Common Name CAS Registry Number
Green circle chemicalAloe barbadensis extract 85507-69-3
Green circle chemicalAloe barbadensis mill., extract 94349-62-9
Green circle chemicalAloe, pharmaceutical 8001-97-6
Green circle chemicalCellulose, regenerated 68442-85-3
Yellow triangle chemicalDenatonium benzoate (*Only allowed as a bittering agent)3734-33-6
Green circle chemicalGelatins, hydrolyzates 68410-45-7
Green circle chemicalLignin 9005-53-2
Green circle chemicalNitrogen 7727-37-9
Green circle chemicalParaffin waxes, petroleum, clay-treated 64742-43-4
Green circle chemicalParaffin waxes, petroleum, hydrotreated 64742-51-4
Green circle chemicalPulp, cellulose 65996-61-4
Green circle chemicalSoy protein isolate, sodium salt 77098-13-6
Green circle chemicalUrea 57-13-6
Green circle chemicalUrea, monohydrochloride 506-89-8
Yellow triangle chemicalZinc ricinoleate 13040-19-2

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A downloadable Excel spreadsheet (XLS, 361KB) of the Safer Chemical Ingredients List is also available. (Download Excel Viewer) Exit EPA Disclaimer
See the Updates tab in the Excel spreadsheet for recently added chemicals.

Please note: Use of chemicals from the list in product formulations does not entitle the manufacturer to make any claims related to the EPA or the DfE program or label. Manufacturers may only make such claims after going through formal third-party DfE review, qualifying for the label based on both ingredient- and product-level criteria (addressing, for example, issues of ingredient purity and physical form, potential synergistic effects, and performance), and entering an EPA/DfE partnership. For more information see How to Partner, Get the DfE Label.



About the List

As with product reviews, before DfE decides to include a chemical on the SCIL (i.e., based on meeting the safer chemical criteria for its functional class), a third-party profiler gathers hazard information from a broad set of resources. The assessment includes the identification and evaluation of all available toxicological and environmental fate data. The third party profiler submits a report to DfE, including a recommendation on whether the chemical passes DfE criteria. DfE staff performs due diligence by reviewing the submission for completeness, consistency, and compliance with the DfE criteria. If more than one third-party has evaluated the chemical, DfE also checks for differences in the profiles and resolves any conflicts. In some cases, DfE may also perform additional literature reviews and consider data from confidential sources, such as the New Chemicals Program. DfE does not typically examine primary literature (original studies) as part of its review and listing decisions.

Additional chemicals may be added to this list as DfE evaluates chemical ingredients and approves products for the DfE label. Chemicals may be removed from the list or have their status changed based on new data or innovations that raise the safer-chemistry bar. DfE will ensure that no confidential or trade secret information appears in this list.

The DfE Standard and Criteria for Safer Chemical Ingredients are protective and address a broad range of potential toxicological effects, including:

  • carcinogens, mutagens, reproductive or developmental toxicants;
  • persistent, bioaccumulative and toxic chemicals;
  • systemic or internal organ toxicants;
  • asthmagens;
  • sensitizers; and
  • chemicals on authoritative lists of chemicals of concern.

Additionally:

  • Chemicals that exhibit endocrine activity are closely evaluated. Those associated with toxicological hazards are not allowed.
  • Impurities can be present in chemicals that are used in DfE products. DfE limits impurities that do not meet its criteria to not more than 0.01 percent in the final product. The safer chemicals list does not include impurities.

* All chemicals in the listing are among the safest for their functional use.

Green circle Green circle - The chemical has been verified to be of low concern based on experimental and modeled data.

Green half-circle Green half-circle - The chemical is expected to be of low concern based on experimental and modeled data. Additional data would strengthen our confidence in the chemical’s safer status.

Yellow triangle Yellow triangle - The chemical has met DfE criteria for its functional ingredient-class, but has some hazard profile issues. Specifically, a chemical with this code is not associated with a low level of hazard concern for all human health and environmental endpoints. (See DfE criteria). While it is a best-in-class chemical and among the safest available for a particular function, the function fulfilled by the chemical should be considered an area for safer chemistry innovation.

Grey square Grey square - This chemical will not be acceptable for use in products that are candidates for the DfE label and currently labeled products that contain it must reformulate per DfE Compliance Schedules.

Note: Some functional class listings contain both green circle and yellow triangle chemicals because the yellow triangle chemicals fill a functional need not met by the available green circle chemicals. For example, yellow triangle preservatives are needed to meet the full range of antimicrobial efficacy, and yellow triangle solvents are needed to meet restrictions on volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in certain product classes.


GreenBlue’s CleanGredients® Exit EPA Disclaimer

A complementary resource for ingredients that meet DfE’s Criteria for Safer Chemical Ingredients is the CleanGredients® database (www.cleangredients.org) Exit EPA Disclaimer. Developed by the non-governmental organization (NGO) GreenBlue, CleanGredients® serves as a marketplace for manufacturers searching for safer ingredients and raw material suppliers showcasing their safer chemicals. CleanGredients® provides information on trade names, base formulations, functional/performance properties, and supplier/vendor information.


Additional Resources

See the following resources for additional information on the chemicals in cleaning products:

What's New with DfE?

January 29, 2014 -- EPA issued final DfE alternatives assessments for DecaBDE and BPA.

The Flame Retardant Alternatives Assessment for Decabromodiphenyl Ether (DecaBDE) (PDF) (901pp, 10.84MB) evaluates and compares potential hazards associated with decaBDE and 29 alternatives. Read more.

The Alternatives Assessment for Bisphenol A (BPA) in Thermal Paper (PDF) (519pp, 3.72MB) evaluates and compares potential hazards associated with BPA in thermal paper and 19 alternatives. Read more.


January 23, 2014 -- EPA updated DfE’s Safer Chemical Ingredients List (SCIL), adding 50 chemicals – bringing the number of safer fragrance chemicals to 150 and the total number of safer chemicals to nearly 650.

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