Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program
EPA GHG Emissions Data Sets
EPA develops the national greenhouse gas (GHG) inventory each year to track trends in total national GHG emissions and removals. The Inventory presents national estimates of GHG emissions starting in 1990 and for each subsequent year and is submitted to the United Nations in accordance with the Framework Convention on Climate Change. The Inventory is a comprehensive, sectoral level accounting of all human-related sources of greenhouse gas emissions in the United States. The emissions presented in the U.S. greenhouse gas inventory are generally based on national-level statistics.
Learn more about differences between the U.S. Greenhouse Gas Inventory and the Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program.
Through EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program, facilities that emit 25,000 metric tons or more per year of GHGs are required to annually report their GHG emissions to EPA. The facilities are known as direct emitters. The data reported by direct emitters provides a “bottom-up” accounting of the major sources of GHG emissions associated with stationary fuel combustion and industrial processes. Well over half of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions are accounted for in this facility level data set, including nearly complete coverage of major emitting sectors such as power plants and refineries.
» View GHGRP data for direct emitters.
Under EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program, suppliers of certain fossil fuels and fluorinated gases are required to report the GHG quantities that would result from the release, combustion, or oxidation of the products they supply to the economy. These fuels and industrial gases are not emitted from the supplier facility but instead distributed throughout the country and used. The majority of direct GHG emissions associated with the transportation, residential and commercial sectors are accounted for by these suppliers.
» View GHGRP data for suppliers.
EPA’s Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program includes facilities that conduct geologic sequestration of carbon dioxide (CO2) and all other facilities that inject CO2 underground for any reason, including enhanced oil and gas recovery. All facilities that inject CO2 underground are required to annually report basic information on CO2 received for injection. Facilities conducting geologic sequestration will help enable EPA to monitor the growth and effectiveness of carbon capture and storage (CCS) as a mitigation technology over time and to evaluate relevant policy options.
» View GHGRP data for facilities that inject CO2 underground.