Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program
GHGRP 2012: Reported Data
For reporting year (RY) 2012, over 8,000 facilities and suppliers reported to the greenhouse gas reporting program. Among these reporters, 7,809 facilities in nine industry sectors reported direct emissions to the atmosphere, with emissions totaling 3.13 billion metric tons carbon dioxide equivalent (CO2e), or about half of total U.S. greenhouse gas emissions. The facilities reported direct emissions of carbon dioxide, methane, nitrous oxide, and fluorinated gases. Additional facilities reported GHG quantities associated with products they supplied. Facilities also reported the quantity of carbon dioxide received for injection underground.
|Overview of GHG Data Reported in 2012|
|Number of facilities reported||7,809|
|Reported direct emissions (billion metric tons CO2e)||3.13|
|Suppliers of fuel and industrial gases|
|Number of suppliers||883|
|Underground injection of carbon dioxide|
|Number of carbon dioxide injection facilities||86|
The table below lists the source categories in each industry sector that reported direct GHG emissions and summarizes the reported GHG emissions.
Select the industry sectors in the table below for a profile of sector emissions.
|Industry Sector||Number of Reporters||Emissions
(Million Metric Tons CO2e)*
|Petroleum and Natural Gas Systems||2,058||217|
• Offshore Petroleum & Nat. Gas Prod.
• Onshore Petroleum & Nat. Gas Prod.
• Natural Gas Processing
• Natural Gas Trans./Compression
• Underground Natural Gas Storage
• Liquefied Natural Gas Storage
• Liquefied Natural Gas Imp./Exp. Eq.
• Natural Gas Local Distribution Co.
• Other Petroleum & Nat. Gas Systems
• Adipic Acid Production
• Ammonia Manufacturing
• Fluorinated GHG Production
• HCFC-22 Prod./HFC-23 Dest.
• Hydrogen Production
• Nitric Acid Production
• Petrochemical Production
• Phosphoric Acid Production
• Silicon Carbide Production
• Titanium Dioxide Production
• Other Chemicals Production
• Industrial Waste Landfills
• Municipal Landfills
• Solid Waste Combustion
• Industrial Wastewater Treatment
• Aluminum Production
• Ferroalloy Production
• Iron and Steel Production
• Lead Production
• Magnesium Production
• Zinc Production
• Other Metals Production
• Cement Production
• Glass Production
• Lime Manufacturing
• Soda Ash Manufacturing
• Other Minerals
|Pulp and Paper||232||42|
• Pulp and Paper Manufacturing
• Other Paper Producers
• Electronics Manufacturing
• Electrical Equipment Manufacturers
• Electrical Equipment Use
• Ethanol Production
• Food Processing
• Underground Coal Mines
• Other Combustion
a The data presented here reflects data reported to the GHGRP as of 9/1/2013.
b Biogenic emissions are NOT included in the total emissions.
The table below lists the greenhouse gases that are reported to EPA and the source categories that reported the largest quantity of each gas.
|For this Greenhouse Gas:||The Source Categories Contributing Most to Reported 2012 GHG Emissions Are:|
|CO2||Electricity Generation, Stationary Combustion|
|CH4||Municipal Landfills, Petroleum & Natural Gas Systems|
|N2O||Nitric Acid Production, Electricity Generation, Adipic Acid Production|
|Fluorinated Greenhouse Gases|
|SF6||SF6 from Electrical Equipment Use, Magnesium Production|
|HFCs||HCFC–22 Production and HFC–23 Destruction|
|PFCs||Aluminum Production, Electronics Manufacturers|
2012 Data Highlights Reported to GHGRP
All 2012 data presented here reflects data reported to the GHGRP as of 9/1/2013.
- The GHGRP represents about 85-90 percent of total U.S. emissions.
The GHGRP covers most, but not all U.S. GHG emissions. EPA prepares an annual Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks (Inventory) to track total national emissions of greenhouse gases for 1990 and each subsequent year. Learn more about differences between the Inventory and the GHGRP .
- Trends: Reported emissions decreased by 4.5 percent from 2011 to 2012.
2011 2012 Percent Change from Previous Year Number of facilities 7,607 7,809 +2.7% Emissions (million metric tons CO2e) 3,275 3,129 -4.5%
Total reported emissions decreased by 4.5% from 2011 to 2012. This decline was mostly related to a decrease in total reported emissions from power plants. Emissions from power plants decreased by 6.3% from 2011 to 2012. This is due to a switching from coal to natural gas for electricity generation and a slight decrease in electricity production.
- Power plants accounted for about 40% of U.S. carbon pollution and 67% of direct emissions reported in 2012.
Power plants accounted for 2.09 billion metric tons CO2e, which represents 67% of emissions reported to the GHGRP and 31% of total U.S. GHG emissions.
See the U.S. GHG Inventory report for more information about total U.S. emissions.
- 2012 Reporting: Location of direct-emitting facilities
About 10% of the facilities emitted 76% of 2012 reported emissions.
In 2012, the 770 largest-emitting facilities — those emitting more than 780,000 metric tons CO2e — accounted for almost 2.4 billion metric tons CO2e. These emissions represent about 76% of the total 3.1 billion metric tons CO2e reported.
These high-emitting facilities are mainly power plants, petroleum refineries, and facilities in the metals and chemicals industry sectors.
Suppliers: 2012 Reporting
Suppliers are those entities that supply into the economy products that if combusted, released, or oxidized emit GHGs into the atmosphere. Emissions associated with these fuels and industrial gases do not occur at the supplier’s facility but instead throughout the country, wherever the product is used. An example of this is gasoline, which is supplied into the U.S. economy by a relatively small number of entities and consumed by many individual vehicles throughout the country.
The majority of GHG emissions associated with the transportation, residential, and commercial sectors are accounted for by these suppliers.
The GHG quantity reported by suppliers might not always result in GHG emissions, and the emissions might not take place during the reporting year. However, the data from suppliers provide important information on the structure and flow of products through the economy, because these products could ultimately result in greenhouse gas emissions. In addition, reporting by fossil fuel and industrial gas suppliers can account for greenhouse gas emissions by the numerous low-emitting sources that are not required to report emissions under the GHGRP. Data reported by suppliers can be accessed through the suppliers section of FLIGHT.
This table lists the types of suppliers that report to the GHGRP and indicates the number of suppliers of each type that reported.
|Industry Sector||Supplier Category||Number of Suppliers|
|Coal-based Liquid Fuel Producers||1|
|Natural Gas and Natural Gas Liquids||Local Distribution Companies||365|
|Natural Gas Liquids Fractionators||119|
|Industrial Greenhouse Gases||Bulk GHG Importers||34|
|Bulk GHG Producers||24|
|Bulk GHG Exporters||18|
|Importers of Pre-charged Equipment or Closed–cell Foams||33|
|Exporters of Pre-charged Equipment or Closed–cell Foams||36|
|CO2 Supply||CO2 Importers||6|
|CO2 Producers - Production Wells||14|
|CO2 Producers - Capture from Industrial Processes||117|
How You Can Obtain the GHGRP Data
Use FLIGHT to view maps of facility locations, obtain summary data for individual facilities, create customized searches, and display search results graphically.
Publicly available GHG data submitted to the GHGRP are now available on Envirofacts in a format that allows users to easily search, sort, and download data in several electronic formats. Users have access to the majority of publicly available reporting year 2010, 2011, and 2012 data.