Open Lakes Trend Monitoring Program: Total DDT
For further information on the Great Lakes Fish Monitoring and Surveillance Program, please contact:
Elizabeth Murphy (email@example.com)
EPA Great Lakes National Program Office
(312) 353-4227 or 1-800-621-8431 x34227
Access the Data
You can also contact the program manager, Elizabeth Murphy, for information regarding the GLFMSP and/or supporting data.
Peer reviewed journal articles published using GLFMSP data can also be found on the Reports & Links page.
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) is a synthetic pesticide that was widely used in the U.S. prior to being banned in 1972 due to its harmful impacts on wildlife. The concentration of opDDT and its metabolites, opDDD and opDDE, (sumDDT) in Great Lakes top predator fish have continuously declined since the use of the chemical was banned. Concentrations remain well below the 1987 GLWQA target of 1.0 µg/g ww across the basin. Based on data collected at Environment Canada monitoring locations, annual rates of decline are 6.8% in L. Superior, 7.1% in L. Huron, 7.5% in L. Erie, and 7.3% in L. Ontario. The rates of decline appear to be consistent with historical trends. Annual rates of decline determined using U.S. EPA data are slightly lower at 4.5% in L. Superior, 5.9% in L. Michigan, 5.9% in L. Huron, 6.0% in L. Erie, and 6.7% in L. Ontario. Rates of decline at the U.S. monitoring stations appear to be declining faster in lakes Michigan, Huron, and Ontario compared to historical trends while rates remain consistent with historical trends in Lakes Superior and Erie.
GLFMSP DDT publications:
- De Vault, D. S., Willford, W.A., Hesselberg, R.J., Nortrupt, D.A., Rundberg, E.G.S., Alwan, A.K., and C. Bautista. 1986 Contaminant trends in lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) from the upper Great Lakes. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicol. 15:349-356
- De Vault, D. S., Hesselberg, R., Rodgers, P.W., Feist, T.J. 1996. Contaminant Trends in Lake Trout and Walleye from the Laurentian Great Lakes. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 22(4):884-895.
- Carlson, D.L., and Swackhamer, D.L, 2006. Results from the U.S. Great Lakes Fish Monitoring Program and Effects of Lake Processes on Contaminant Concentrations. Journal of Great Lakes Research. 32 (2): 370 – 385.
- Carlson, D.L., DeVault, D.S., and Swackhamer, D.L., 2010. On the rate of decline of persistent organic contaminants in lake trout (Salvelinus namaycush) from the Great Lakes, 1970-2003. Environmental Science and Technology. 44 (6): 2004-10.
- Hickey, J. P., S. A. Batterman, S. M. Chernyak. 2006. Trends of Chlorinated Organic Contaminants in Great Lakes Trout and Walleye from 1970 to 1998. Arch. Environ. Contam. Toxicology. 50: 97 - 110.