U.S. Trade and Investment Policy Making Process
U.S. trade policy development is a cooperative undertaking, involving numerous federal agencies. In general, the Office of International and Tribal Affairs (OITA) serves as the EPA coordinator, and as a liaison to the Office of the United States Trade Representative (USTR) and the other agencies engaged in trade and investment policy formulation. Other EPA offices also take lead roles in coordinating international trade and investment policy development in specific areas. EPAs Office of Chemical Safety and Pollution Prevention (OCSPP) has a lead role in coordinating EPA activities with respect to trade and environment issues dealing with sanitary and phyto-sanitary measures and biosafety. The Office of Air and Radiation (OAR) and OCSPP have lead roles in coordinating EPA activities with respect to technical barriers to trade/standards-related measures pertaining to their statutory responsibilities and authorities, and the Office of Policy, Economics and Innovation (OPEI) has specific policy development responsibilities with regard to forestry and non-pesticidal agricultural issues. Overall, EPAs trade and environment policy organization is designed to create a flexible and collaborative mechanism so that EPA can participate fully and effectively in the development and implementation of U.S. trade and environment policy.
USTR plays a lead federal role in the development of trade and investment policies. Since these policies have direct implications for federal agencies and state and local government, USTR must take into account the interest of Congress, the public (individuals, groups, and businesses), federal agencies, and state governments to be successful. USTR utilizes numerous advisory committees to seek input. EPA, along with USTR, jointly administers the Trade and Environment Policy Advisory Committee (TEPAC), which is required by its charter to be broadly representative of key sectors and groups of the economy, with an interest in trade and environment policy issues. The committee includes representatives from environmental and consumer interest groups, agriculture, services, and non-federal governments. TEPAC meetings are announced through Federal Register notices and are published on the USTR website.
Learn more about the Trade and Environment
Policy Advisory Committee (TEPAC)
The principal mechanism for developing and coordinating U.S. government positions on international trade and investment is a committee structure established through the Trade Expansion Act of 1962. The Trade Policy Staff Committee (TPSC) is responsible for developing interagency consensus on trade policy matters and relies on nearly 60 subcommittees responsible for work in specialized areas. EPA is a very active member of the TPSC. OITA works with other EPA offices to secure proper policy and technical input and participation in TPSC subcommittee meetings.
The following two flow charts provide information on the trade agreement policy process:
- How the United States develops draft text for trade agreement negotiations (PDF) (1pp, 12K About PDF Files)
- How an operational trade agreement is developed (PDF) (1pp, 12K About PDF Files)
- Back to: Environment, Trade and Finance
For additional information on EPA's International Trade efforts, contact:
U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Office of International and Tribal Affairs (2670R)
1200 Pennsylvania Ave., NW
Washington, DC 20460