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EPA-Expo-Box (A Toolbox for Exposure Assessors)

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Deterministic and Probabilistic Assessments

References

Dang, W; Chen, J; Mottl, N; Phillips, L; Wood, P; Mccarthy, S; Lee, R; Helmke, M; Nelson, M; Coon, K. (2003). A probabilistic risk assessment for children who contact CCA-treated playsets and decks. U. S. Environmental Protection Agency.

Smith, RL. (1994). Use of Monte Carlo simulation for human exposure assessment at a Superfund site. Risk Anal 14: 433-439.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (1989). Risk assessment guidance for superfund: Volume 1: Human health evaluation manual (part A): Interim final [EPA Report]. (EPA/540/1-89/002). Washington, DC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Emergency and Remedial Response. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/ragsa/index.htm

U.S. EPA. (1992). Guidelines for exposure assessment [EPA Report]. (EPA/600/Z-92/001). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Risk Assessment Forum.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (1997a). Exposure factors handbook (final report) [EPA Report]. (EPA/600/P-95/002Fa-c). Washington, DC. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=12464 .

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (1997b). Guiding principles for Monte Carlo analysis [EPA Report]. (EPA/630/R-97/001). Washington, DC. http://www.epa.gov/raf/publications/guiding-monte-carlo-analysis.htm.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2000). Options for development of parametric probability distributions for exposure factors [EPA Report]. (EPA/600/R-00/058). Washington, DC. http://cfpub.epa.gov/ncea/cfm/recordisplay.cfm?deid=20867.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2001). Risk assessment guidance for superfund: Volume III - part A, process for conducting probabilistic risk assessment [EPA Report]. (EPA 540-R-02-002). Washington, DC. http://www.epa.gov/oswer/riskassessment/rags3adt/index.htm.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2004). Air toxics risk assessment reference library: Volume 1: Technical resource manual. (EPA-453-K-04-001A). Research Triangle Park, NC: U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards. http://www.epa.gov/ttn/fera/risk_atra_vol1.html.

U.S. EPA (U.S. Environmental Protection Agency). (2006). Approaches for the application of physiologically based pharmacokinetic (PBPK) models and supporting data in risk assessment (Final Report) [EPA Report]. (EPA/600/R-05/043F). Washington, DC.

Young, BM; Tulve, NS; Egeghy, PP; Driver, JH; Zartarian, VG; Johnston, JE; Delmaar, CJ; Evans, JJ; Smith, LA; Glen, G; Lunchick, C; Ross, JH; Xue, J; Barnekow, DE. (2012). Comparison of four probabilistic models (CARES, Calendex, ConsExpo, and SHEDS) to estimate aggregate residential exposures to pesticides. J Expo Sci Environ Epidemiol 22: 522-532. http://dx.doi.org/10.1038/jes.2012.54 Exit Disclaimer.

Zartarian, VG; Xue, J; Ozkaynak, H; Dang, W; Glen, G; Smith, L; Stallins, C. (2005). A probabilistic exposure assessment for children who contact CCA-treated playsets and decks: Using the stochastic human exposure and dose simulation model for the wood preservative exposure scenario (SHEDS-Wood). U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.

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