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Treatment - Technologies to effectively treat environmental pollutants.
Cost-effective treatment poses a challenge for the EPA and others in the development of effective risk management strategies. EPA supports research that addresses new treatment approaches that are more effective in reducing contaminant levels and more cost effective than currently available techniques. A variety of pollutants, at different concentrations, requiring removal may exist at contaminated sites, in ground, or in process fluids. Nanotechnology offers the possibility of more effective treatment soil and water due to the higher surface to volume ratios of nano materials, and it offers the possibility of novel collection and separation protocols imparted due to the unique physical properties of nanomaterials. Specific control and design of materials at the molecular level may impart increased affinity, capacity, and selectivity for pollutants.