Grantee Research Project Results
EPA Campus Auditorium
Research Triangle Park, NC
March 28-9, 2012
Dr. Batterman's research and teaching interests address environmental impact assessment, human exposure and health risk assessment, and environmental management. His research addresses both theoretical work and applied laboratory and field studies. He is particularly interested in improving exposure measures that can be used in risk assessments and epidemiological studies; measuring toxic compounds including volatile organic compounds (VOCs) found as pollutants in drinking water, ambient and indoor air, and statistical and modeling methods that can be used to interpret and extend available measurements. His research is applied to contemporary problems including ambient and indoor air quality, environmental epidemiology, policy analysis, environmental engineering, environmental justice, and life cycle analysis. His international projects include training and research programs in the environmental sciences and engineering in Africa (especially South Africa) and Europe (especially Portugal, Russia and Finland). He directs the Hazardous Substances Academic Training Program and the Pilot Project Research Program in the NIOSH-supported Education and Resource Center.
Dr. Daniel Costa is currently National Program Director for Air Research in the Office of Research & Development / EPA. He is responsible for the overall direction and management of the Air (including PM, ozone and air toxics) research program across all EPA Labs and Centers. Dr. Daniel Costa received his B.S. in Biology from Providence College, an M.S. in Environmental Sciences from Rutgers, an M.S. and a Sc.D. (doctor of science) in Physiology / Toxicology from the Harvard School of Public Health. Dan has authored / co-authored more than 120 publications, 4 book editorships, and over 30 book chapters, conference proceedings and monographs. For 18 years prior, he served as Chief of the Pulmonary Toxicology Branch of the National Health and Environmental Research Laboratory, where he led an active group investigating the health effects of particulate matter and other air pollutants. He is a Diplomat and Past-President of the American Board of Toxicology (1994) and is Past-President of the Inhalation Specialty Section of the Society of Toxicology (1996). Dr. Daniel Costa continues his individual research focusing on pollutant alteration of cardiopulmonary function through neurophysiologic pathways in various susceptible animal models.
Dr. Francesca Dominici is currently the Associate Dean of Information Technology at the Harvard School of Public Health. Dr Dominici currently teaches Bayesian Methodology in Biostatistics at Harvard. Her research intersts include: Environmental Statistics, Bayesian Methods,Health Impacts of Policy Regulations. Dr Dominici is also a member of the External Advisory Board, University of Washington Seattle, Department of Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences, MESA Air Pollution Study, 2005-2015.Dr. Dominici’s current research projects include:
The effect of air pollution control on life expectancy in the United States: national population-based analysis:
Research provides essential new data sources, methods, and empirical knowledge on how differential trends in key criteria pollutants and PM2.5 chemical components have affected the trends in cause-specific mortality and life expectancy in a national study.
Statistical Informatics for Cancer Research, NCI-P01
Project tackles a series of problems motivated by the analysis of high dimensional data arising in population-based studies of cancer.
Statistical Methods for Population Health Research on Chemical Mixtures
Provides evidence on health effects of air pollution and temperature through the application of the proposed methods.
Health Impacts of Aviation-Related Air Pollutants (Partners Project II)
Develops models evaluating linkages between aviation activity and air pollution patterns in neighborhoods surrounding small and large airports, focusing on mobile monitoring data collected near T.F. Green Airport and fixed-site monitoring data collected near Los Angeles International Airport. The project involves development and application of methods to model health risks from future aviation emissions given changes over time in emissions, background concentrations, and population patterns, with an emphasis on extracting individual airport impacts from national-scale atmospheric model outputs.
Dr. Montserrat Fuentes is a full professor of Statistics (with tenure) at North Carolina (NC) State. Dr. Fuentes received her B.S. in Mathematics and Music (piano) from the University of Valladolid (Spain), and her Ph.D. in Statistics from the University of Chicago (1999). She spent 6 months as a postdoc in the National Center of Atmospheric Research (NCAR) before joining NC State in 1999. She is a member-elect of the International Statistical Institute, and has been a member of the Regional Advisory Board (RAB) for the Eastern North American Region (ENAR) of the International Biometric Society. Dr. Fuentes is a member of the Science Advisory Board (SAB) Integrated Human Exposure Committee of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, and the U.S. representative in the Board of Directors of the International Environmetrics Society. She was a member of the Biostatistical Methods and Research Design (BMRD) study section of the National Institutes for Health, and she is currently a member of the scientific review committee of Health Canada.
Resposible for providing scientific leadership in the Atmospheric Modeling Division on the development, testing through applications, innovative approaches to predict local scale air quality concentrations to support human health and exposure research. I am responsible for developing innovative approaches that couple urban/regional air quality model results (from CMAQ) with a local scale dispersion model results (from AERMOD) to provide spatially and temporally resolved air quality concentration estimates that can be integrated directly in human exposure models. Develop innovative approached to using mobile monitoring platforms to assess model concentrations; using gridded meteorological data as input to dispersion models; applying air quality models for accountability studies to assess the effects of air quality regulations on human health outcomes; developing improved techniques to establish the spatial and temporal characterization of air pollutants near major roadways and evaluation with state of art measurements; and developing simplified techniques to estimate model uncertainty. Published numerous journal articles to give scientific validity and credibility to these efforts and make the Division a recognized leader in this research category. Establish close cooperation with other EPA and public research groups.
Kazuhiko Ito, Ph.D.
Dr. Kazuhiko Ito is an Assistant Professor at New York University School of Medicine, Department of Environmental Medicine. He has conducted numerous observational epidemiological studies in New York City and other U.S. cities. His current investigations include: development of near-real time models to determine the impacts of weather and air pollution on respiratory and cardiovascular outcomes; identification of chemical components of ambient particulate matter associated with cardiovascular and respiratory outcomes; multi-city study of multiple air pollution effects on cardiovascular and respiratory mortality and morbidity; the role of traffic-related air pollution on respiratory and cardiovascular outcomes, and; characterization of spatial and temporal distributions of air pollutants in urban environments to identify sources that are particularly harmful.
Professor Kleeman's research is focused on the study of urban and regional air quality problems with an emphasis on the size and composition of atmospheric particles and gas-to-particle conversion processes. These issues are important because research has found that airborne particles with diameters less than 2.5 microns cause adverse health effects. The size and composition of particles found in the atmosphere also determines much of the visibility reduction observed in large cities.
Dr. Neas' current research interest areas include Epidemiology of Airborne Particulate Matter and Gaseous Co-pollutants among Children and the Elderly; Epidemiology of Asthma and Other Respiratory Conditions in Children.
Jennifer Peel, Ph.D.
Dr. Peel's research focuses on environmental epidemiology, specifically the health effects of ambient air pollution. Her primary research focus is to examine the occurrence of respiratory, cardiovascular, and adverse birth outcomes in relation to ambient air pollutants, including species and sources and fine and coarse particulate matter. Additionally, Dr. Peel has conducted projects in Honduras and Nicaragua examining the impacts of improved indoor biomass cook stoves on air pollution exposure and health. Dr. Peel has served as an invited reviewer and writer for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency national air quality integrated science assessment for nitrogen oxides, ozone, particulate matter, and carbon monoxide, and is currently an Associate Editor for the journal Environmental Health Perspectives.
Ana Rappold is a statistician in EPA's Environmental Public Health Division of the National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory within the Office of Research and Development. Ana Rappold received her PhD from the Institute of Statistics and Decision Sciences, Duke University, in 2005. She spent several years as a Post Doc at EPA's National Exposure Research Laboratory and then joined the Environmental Public Health Division of the EPA as a research statistician. Her research is focused on the health effects of air pollution.
Armistead "Ted" G. Russell
Armistead G. Russell is the Georgia Power Distinguished Professor and Coordinator of Environmental Engineering at the Georgia Institute of Technology. Professor Russell arrived at Georgia Tech in 1996, from Carnegie Mellon University, and has expertise in air quality engineering, with particular emphasis in air quality modeling, air quality monitoring and analysis. He earned his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Mechanical Engineering at the California Institute of Technology in 1980 and 1985, conducting his research at Caltech's Environmental Quality Laboratory. His B.S. is from Washington State University (1979). Dr. Russell has been a member of a number of the National Research Council's committees, including chairing the Committee to Review EPA's Mobile Model and chairing the committee on Carbon Monoxide Episodes in Meteorological and Topographical Problem Areas, and serving on the committee on Tropospheric Ozone Formation and Measurement, the committee on ozone forming potential of reformulated fuels and the committee on Risk Assessment of Hazardous Air Pollutants. Recently, he served on two EPA SAB subcommittees: the CASAC subcommittee on the National Ambient Air Monitoring Strategy and the subcommittee on Air Quality Modelling Subcommittee of the Advisory Council on Clean Air Compliance Analysis. He was also a member of the EPA FACA Subcommittee on Ozone, Particulate Matter and Regional Haze, the North American Research Strategy for Tropospheric Ozone and California's Reactivity Science Advisory Committee. Previously he was on the Office of Science, Technology and Policy's Oxygenated Fuels Program Review and various National Research Council program reviews, and a committee to review a Canadian NRC program.
The Stanier research group is interested in both aerosol and gas-phase problems in air pollution, atmospheric science, and energy. We are based jointly in the University of Iowa's Department of Chemical and Biochemical Engineering and IIHR Hydroscience and Engineering Institute. We also work closely with the Center for Global and Regional Environmental Research (CGRER) and are affiliated with numerous University of Iowa research centers.
Tying into the the Ph.D. programs in Chemical and Biochemical Engineering and IIHR, we try to take on cutting edge problems while training graduate students in research methodologies and critical thinking.
Dr. Vette is a Physical Scientist with EPA’s Exposure Measurements and Analysis Branch within the Human Exposure and Atmospheric Sciences Division of the Office of Research & Development. Dr Vette’s area of expertise is the assessment and characterization of the sources of air pollutants impacting air quality and human exposures. His research emphasis has been on understanding the impact of mobile sources on air quality and human exposures in the near-road environ.
Ms. Lydia Wegman has worked for the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency for over 30 years. She is currently Director of the Health and Environmental Impacts Division in EPA’s Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards (OAQPS). She previously served as the Deputy Director of OAQPS, as Chief of Staff to the Assistant Administrator for Air and Radiation, and as an attorney in the Office of General Counsel. In her current capacity, Lydia is responsible for leading and managing the review and revision of national ambient air quality standards, the development of risk assessments for air toxics and economic and benefit/cost analyses for regulatory actions. She also coordinates cross-office work on the linkages between air quality and climate change, and international and multimedia programs. Ms. Wegman received her undergraduate degree from Yale University and her law degree from Columbia Law School.
The area of my research interest is the adverse effects of air pollution on health. In particular, my area of expertise is analyzing the short-term effect of air pollution on mortality and morbidity by means of time series analysis.
Other research interests include studying the mechanisms linking the inhalation of ambient particles to an acute exacerbation of cardiovascular or respiratory disease; the evaluation of the health effects of air pollution and temperature extremes; and socio-economic influences on health.
I am also interested in developing innovative statistical methodologies in environmental epidemiology.
Andrew Zeft, M.D.
Dr Zeft MD currently conducts his research at the Center for Pediatric Rheumatology and Immunology, Cleveland Clinic Main Campus. His areas of interest include:
Juvenile dermatomyositis, pediatric vasculitis (Wegener's Granulomatosis, microscopic polyangiitis, Takayasu Arteritis, Polyangiitis Nodosa, Henoch-Schonlein purpura) juvenile idiopathic arthritis (all forms), scleroderma (localized and systemic), systemic lupus erythematosus, periodic fever syndromes, chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) and related syndromes, sarcoidosis, uveitis, and Behcet's Disease.