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Extramural Research

2004 Level III Scientific And Technological Achievement Awards (STAA)

Grantee Research Project Results

Extramural Research Search

2005 - Overview | About STAA | Level I Awards | Level II Awards | Level III Awards | STAA Honorable Mentions

Level III awards - are for those who have accomplished an unusually notable research or technological effort. The awards are for a substantial revision or modification of a scientific/technological principle or procedure, or an important improvement to the value of a device, activity, program, or service to the public. Awarded research relates to a mission or organizational component of the EPA, or significantly affects a relevant area of science/technology.

Scientist at work  Bumblebee  ORD Research Vessel  Field sampling

Nominations Recommended for a Level III Award ($1000) -- Total of Thirty-Two

Nom. #

Titles and Citations
Submitted Papers

Eligible Authors* andNominating Organization

Award Level

Suggested Citation from
Nominating Organization

S4CS 0002

Variables Affecting Emissions of PCDD/Fs from Uncontrolled Combustion of Household Waste in Barrels.

Journal of Air & Waste Management Association, 53:523-531 (2003)

Dr. Paul M. Lemieux (40%)

Dr. Brian Gullett (30%)

Dr. Dwain Winters (10%)

NRMRL, Research Triangle Park, NC


Performing Research to Estimate the Emissions of Dioxins from Uncontrolled Combustion of Household Waste in Barrels
S4CS 0007

Non-Polluting Metal Surface Finishing Pretreatment and Pretreatment/Conversion Coating.

Plating and Surface Finishing, 90(4):66-75 (2003)

Dr. David Ferguson (65%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH


Developing a Non-Polluting Pretreatment/Conversion Coating Process for the Metal Finishing Industries
S4ER 0012

SAGE Analysis of Transcriptome Responses in Arabidopsis Exposed to 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene.

Plant Physiology, 133:1397-1406 (2003)

Dr. Nelson L. Wolfe (60%)

NERL, Athens, GA


Research Conducted to Enhance the Effectiveness of Phytoremediation Strategies for Explosives
S4ER 0022

Effects of Light Reduction on Growth of the Submerged Macrophyte 'Vallisneria americana' and the Community of Root-Associated Heterotrophic Bacteria.

Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 291:199-218 (2003)

Dr. Janis C. Kurtz (25%)

Dr. Diane F. Yates (25%)

Dr. John M. Macauley (5%)

Dr. Robert L. Quarles (10%)

Dr. Fred J. Genthner (5%)

Dr. Cynthia A. Chancy (5%)

Dr. Richard Devereux (25%)

NHEERL, Gulf Breeze, FL


Conducting Investigations to Increase Our Understanding of Seagrass Ecology and the Environmental Interactions that May Lead to SAV Loss

S4ER 0023

Bacterioplankton Dynamics in a Subtropical Estuary: Evidence for Substrate Limitation.

Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 32:239-250 (2003)

Dr. Michael C. Murrell (100%)

NHEERL, Gulf Breeze, FL


Advancing the Understanding of Critical Microbial Processes in Estuaries Subject to Eutrophication
S4E R0030

Relationship Between Reproductive Success and Male Plasma Vitellogenin Concentrations in Cunner, 'Tautogolabrus adspersus'.

Environmental Health Perspectives, 111(1):93-99 (2003)

Dr. Lesley J. Mills (40%)

Dr. Ruth E. Gutjahr-Gobell (25%)

Dr. Gerald E. Zaroogian (15%)

Dr. Doranne Borsay Horowitz (10%)

NHEERL, Narragansett, RI


A Significant Contribution to Research Investigating the Effects of Endocrine-Disrupting Chemicals on Fish Reproduction
S4ER 0032

Biological Response to Variation of Acid-Volatile Sulfides and Metals in Field-Exposed Spiked Sediments.

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 20(2): 264-272 (2001)

Dr. Warren S. Boothman (30%)

Dr. David J. Hansen (20%)

Dr. Walter J. Berry (20%)

NHEERL, Narragansett, RI


Aiding Development of Sediment Guidelines by Demonstrating Spatial Factors Affecting Bioresponse to Sediment Metals
S4ER 0036

Marine Bottom Communities of Block Island Waters.

The Ecology of Block Island, Proceedings of the Rhode Island Natural History Survey Conference, October 28, 2000, :131-149 (2002)

Dr. Stephen S. Hale (100%)

NHEERL, Narragansett, RI


Reviewing the State of Knowledge About the Marine Ecology of Block Island's Great Salt Pond
S4ER 0038

a) Comparing the Effects of Stage and Duration of Retinoic Acid Exposure on Amphibian Limb Development: Chronic Exposure Results in Mortality, Not Limb Malformations.

Toxicological Sciences, 74(1):139-146 (2003)

b) Developmental Toxicity of Methoprene and Several Degradation Products in 'Xenopus laevis'.

Aquatic Toxicology, 64(1):97-105 (2003)

Dr. Sigmund J. Degitz, Jr. (25%)

Dr. Gary W. Holcombe (20%)

Dr. Patricia A. Kosian (20%)

Dr. Elizabeth J. Durhan (15%)

Dr. Joseph E. Tietge (10%)

Dr. Gerald T. Ankley (10%)

NHEERL, Duluth, MN


Studies Characterizing the Developmental Toxicity of Retinoids and Retinoid-Like Compounds in Amphibians
S4ES 0140

Procedures for Calculating Cessation Lag.

Regulatory Toxicology and Pharmacology, 38(03):157-165 (2003)

Dr. Chao W. Chen (90%)

NCEA, Washington, DC


A Significant Contribution to Risk Assessment Methods that Provides a Foundation for Addressing the Cessation Lag Effect which is Essential for Economic Benefit Analysis
S4HE 0044

Effects of Arsenic on Telomerase and Telomeres in Relation to Cell Proliferation and Apoptosis in Human Keratinocytes and Leukemia Cells in Vitro.

Carcinogenesis, 24(11):1811-1817 (2003)

Dr. Judy Mumford (45%)

Dr. Michael T. Schmitt (15%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC


Novel Findings on Health Effects of Arsenic via Alterations to Telomeres and Telomerase in Human Cells
S4HE 0047

a) Formation of 8-oxo-dG in Rat Lung DNA Following Subchronic Inhalation of Carbon Black.

Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology, 1 (19(3):224-31 (2003)

b) Air Pollution Mediated Oxidative DNA Damage in Cell Free Systems and Human Airway Epithelial Cells in Relation to Particle Metal Content and Bioreactivity.

Chemical Research and Toxicology, 14(7):879-887 (2001)

Dr. Jane E. Gallagher (35%)

Dr. Reeder Sams (15%)

Dr. Lisa Dailey (5%)

Dr. Jeff Inmon (5%)

Dr. Mike Madden (5%)

Dr. Andrew Ghio (5%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC


Contributions Leading to a Better Understanding of PM Health Effects Using Animal and Complementary in Vitro Human-Cell Test Systems
S4HE 0048

a) Persistent Abnormalities in the Rat Mammary Gland Following Gestational and Lactational Exposure to 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD).

Toxicological Sciences, 67(1):63-74 (2002)

b) Cancer and Developmental Exposure to Endocrine Disruptors.

Environmental Health Perspectives, 111(4):389-394 (2003)

c) A Novel Effect of Dioxin: Exposure During Pregnancy Severely Impairs Mammary Gland Differentiation.

Toxicological Sciences, 67(1): 63-74 (2002)

Dr. Suzanne E. Fenton (55%)

Dr. Linda S. Birnbaum (25%)

Dr. Geri L. Youngblood (5%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC


Demonstrating the Adverse Effects of Prenatal Dioxin Exposure on the Developing Mammary Gland of the Female Rodent
S4HE 0049

a) Dermal, Oral, and Inhalation Pharmacokinetics of Methyl Tertiary Butyl Ether (MTBE) in Human Volunteers.

Toxicological Sciences, 77(2):195-205 (2004)

b) The Development and Testing of a Dermal Exposure System for Pharmacokinetic Studies of Administered and Ambient Water Contaminants: Methods and Results.

Journal of Pharmacological and Toxicological Methods, 47(3):189-195 (2002)

Dr. James Prah (50%)

Dr. Martin Case (20%)

Dr. Joachim Pleil (5%)

Dr. Teresa Leavens (5%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC


A Human Volunteer Study Describing the Pharmacokinetics of MTBE by Three Important Routes of Exposure: Oral, Dermal, and Inhalation
S4HE 0050

a) Teratogenicity of 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) in Mice Lacking the Expression of EGF and/or TGF-alpha.

Toxicological Sciences, 26(1):103-114 (2001)

b) EGF and TGF-alpha Expression Influence the Developmental Toxicity of TCDD: Dose Response and AhR Phenotype in EGF, TGF-alpha, and EGF + TGF-alpha Knockout Mice.

Toxicological Sciences, 71(1):84-95 (2003)

c) Lack of Expression of EGF and TGF-alpha in the Fetal Mouse Alters Formation of Prostatic Epithelial Buds and Influences the Response to TCDD.

Toxicological Sciences, 76(2):427-436 (2003)

Dr. Barbara D. Abbott (25%)

Dr. Angela R. Buckalew (25%)

Dr. Judith E. Schmid (25%)

Dr. Michael J. Devito (1%)

Dr. Suzanne E. Fenton (18%)

Dr. David Ross (1%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC


Studies on the Role of Growth Factor Signal Transduction Pathways in Developmental Toxicity
S4HE 0053

Metal Composition of Ambient PM 2.5 Influences Severity of Allergic Airways Disease in Mice.

Environmental Health Perspectives, 111(12):1471-1477 (2003)

Dr. Stephen H. Gavett (35%)

Dr. Najwa Haykal-Coates (10%)

Dr. Lisa B. Copeland (10%)

Dr. Matthew I. Gilmour (35%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC


Providing Evidence that Metal-Containing Ambient Particles May Increase the Severity of Asthma

S4HE 0145

S4HE 0146

S4IR 0127

Estimation of 'Giardia' Ct Values at High pH for the Surface Water Treatment Rule

Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A- Toxic/ Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering, A38(9):1959-1970 (2003)

A Bayesian Method of Estimating Kinetic Parameters for the Inactivation of 'Cryotosporidium parvum' Oocysts with Chlorine Dioxide and Ozone.

Water Research, 37(18):4533-4543 (2003)

Development of a Ct Equation for the Inactivation of 'Cryptosporidium' Oocysts with Chlorine Dioxide.

Water Research, 37(11):2773-2783

Dr. Mano Sivaganesan (90%)

Dr. Eugene W. Rice (10%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH

Dr. Mano Sivaganesan (70%)

Dr. Eugene W. Rice (10%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH

Dr. Robert M. Clark (30%)

Dr. Mano Sivaganesan (30%)

Dr. Eugene W. Rice (20%)

Dr. Jimmy Chen (20%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH


Outstanding Research Intended to Protect the Public Health of Consumers of American Drinking Water
S4IR 0130

An Approach to Integrated Ecological Assessment of Resource Condition: The Mid-Atlantic Estuaries as a Case Study.

Journal of Environmental Management, 66:411-427 (2002)

Dr. Barbara S. Brown (50%)

Dr. Wayne R. Munns, Jr. (25%)

Dr. John F. Paul (25%)

NHEERL, Narragansett, RI


Advancing Approaches for Integrated Assessment of Environmental Condition
S4IR 0132

a) Approaches for Integrated Risk Assessment.

Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 9(1):267-272 (2003)

b) Types of Integration in Risk Assessment and Management, and Why They are Needed.

Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 9(1):273-279 (2003)

c) Framework for the Integration of Health and Ecological Risk Assessment.

Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 9(1):281-301 (2003)

d) Integrated Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: A Case Study of Ultraviolet Radiation Effects on Amphibians, Coral, Humans, and Oceanic Primary Productivity.

Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 9(1):359-377 (2003)

e) Integrated Risk Assessment - Results from an International Workshop.

Human and Ecological Risk Assessment, 9(1): (2003)

Dr. Wayne R. Munns, Jr. (25%)

Dr. Glenn W. Suter, II (25%)

Dr. Gilman D. Veith (8%)

Dr. Michael D. Waters (8%)

Dr. Lara Hansen (3%)

Dr. Steve Hedtke (2%)

Dr. Lawrence W. Reiter (1%)


Promoting Integration of Human Health and Ecological Risk Assessment and Research through International Collaboration
S4MM 0068

a) Analysis of Hydroponic Fertilizer Matrixes for Perchlorate: Comparison of Analytical Techniques.

The Analyst, 128(1):88-97 (2003)

b) Comparison and Evaluation of Laboratory Performance on a Method for the Determination of Perchlorate in Fertilizers.

Journal of Environmental Monitoring, 3(5):454-462 (2001)

Dr. Timothy W. Collette (36%)

Dr. Edward T. Urbansky (36%)

Dr. Matthew L. Magnuson (8%)

NERL, Athens, GA


Creativity in Resolving Difficult Analytical Problems in Determining Fertilizers for Perchlorate
S4MM 0070

ELISA Measurment of Stachylysin in Serum to Quantify Human Exposures to the Indoor Mold 'Stachybotrys chartarum'.

Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, 45(6):582-591 (2003)

Dr. Jeanette M. Van Emon (40%)

Dr. Stephen J. Vesper (40%)

NERL, Cincinnati, OH


Developing a Technology to Quantify Exposures to Molds
S4MM 0071

Continuous Monitoring of Ultrafine, Fine, and Coarse Particles in a Residence for 18 Months in 1999-2000.

Journal of the Air & Waste Management Association, 52:828-844 (2002)

Dr. Lance Wallace (50%)

Dr. Cynthia Howard-Reed (50%)

NERL, Research Triangle Park, NC


Proposing and Performing Multiyear Studies to Determine the Factors Affecting the Impact of Outdoor Air Particles on Personal Exposure
S4MM 0083

Tribromopyrrole, Brominated Acids, and Other Disinfection Byproducts Produced by Disinfection of Drinking Water Rich in Bromide.

Environmental Science & Technology, 37(17):3782-3793 (2003)

Dr. Susan D. Richardson (55%)

Dr. Alfred D. Thruston, Jr. (20%)

NERL, Athens, GA


Advancing Our Understanding of the Formation of Chlorine Dioxide, Chlorine, and Chloramine DBPs Under High-Bromide Conditions
S4RA 0106

A Review and Comparison of Models for Predicting Dynamic Chemical Bioconcentration in Fish.

Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 22(9):1963-1992 (2003)

Dr. M. Craig Barber (100%)

NERL, Athens, GA


The Review and Evaluation of Gill Exchange Models Used for the Analysis and Prediction of Chemical Bioaccumulation in Fish
S4RA 0108

Comparable Measures of Cognitive Function in Human Infants and Laboratory Animals to Identify Environmental Health Risks to Children.

Environmental Health Perspectives, 111(13):1630-1639 (2003)

Dr. Suzanne B. McMaster (50%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC


A Review of Comparable Methods Available to Evaluate Neurobehavioral Endpoints in Human Infants and Experimental Animals
S4RA 0112

Are We Monitoring in the Right Places for Inorganics and Radionuclides?.

Journal of the New England Water Works Association, 117(2):102-116 (2003)

Dr. Michael R. Schock (80%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH


Identifying Unanticipated Drinking-Water, Human-Exposure Problems and the Water Treatment and Monitoring Implications

S4RM 0125

and S4RM 0126

Identifying Discharge Zones of Arsenic in the Goose River Basin, Maine.

Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 39(5):1067-1077 (2003)

Isotopic Evaluation of Pb Occurrences in the Riverine Ecosystems of the Kankakee Watershed, Illinois-Indiana.

Journal of the American Water Resources Association, 37(2):379-393 (2001)

Dr. William C. Sidle (100%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH

Dr. William C. Sidle (90%)

Dr. Deborah L. Roose (5%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH



S4RM 0123

Sustainability: Ecological, Social, Economic, Technological, and Systems Perspectives.

Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy, 5(3-4):167-180 (2003)

Dr. Heriberto Cabezas (40%)

Dr. Audrey L. Mayer (15%)

Dr. N. Theresa Hoagland (15%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH


Developing a Multidisciplinary Measure of Sustainability for Complex Human-Influenced Ecosystems
S4SS 0135

Controlling Storm-Water Runoff with Tradable Allowances for Impervious Surfaces.

Journal of Water Resources Planning and Management, 129(5):409-418 (2003)

Dr. Hale W. Thurston (25%)

Dr. Haynes C. Goddard (25%)

Dr. Beth Lemberg (25%)

Dr. David Szlag (25%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH


Research into a Low-Cost, Ecologically Sound Method for Controlling Stormwater Runoff from Urbanizing Watersheds
S4TF 0102

a) Use of Hydrochloric Acid for Determining Solid-Phase Arsenic Partitioning in Sulfidic Sediments.

Environmental Science and Technology, 36(22):4921-4927 (2002)

b) Speciation of Arsenic in Sulfidic Water.

Geochemical Transactions, 4(1):1-7 (2003)

Dr. Richard T. Wilkin (75%)

Dr. Robert G. Ford (15%)


  Research that Contributes to a New Understanding of the Geochemistry of Arsenic in Reducing Systems
S4TF 0121

a) In Situ Remediation of Arsenic in Simulated Groundwater Using Zerovalent Iron: Laboratory Column Tests on Combined Effects of Phosphate and Silicate.

Environmental Science and Technology, 37(2003):2582-2587 (2003)

b) Arsenate and Arsenite Removal by Zerovalent Iron: Effects of Phosphate, Silicate, Carbonate, Borate, Sulfate, Chromate, Molybdate, and Nitrate, Relative to Chloride.

Environmental Science and Technology, 35(2001):4562-4568 (2001)

c) Arsenate and Arsenite Removal by Zerovalent Iron: Kinetics, Redox Transformation, and Implications for in Situ Groundwater Remediation.

Environmental Science and Technology, 35(2001):1487-1492 (2001)

Dr. Chunming Su (50%)

Dr. Robert W. Puls (50%)


  Developing an Innovative, Scientifically Rigorous, and Practical Method for Remediation of Arsenic in Ground Water

Key to Acronyms used in the above Table

NCEA National Center for Environmental Assessment

NCER National Center for Environmental Research

NERL National Exposure Research Laboratory

NEIC National Enforcement Investigations Center

NHEERL National Health and Environmental Effects Laboratory

NRMRL National Risk Management Research Laboratory

OPPT Office of Pollution Prevention and Toxics

OTAQ Office of Transportation and Air Quality

*Note: The percentages given after name represent the current percent of the total level of effort as documented in the EPA nomination.

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