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Extramural Research

2005 Level III Scientific And Technological Achievement Awards (STAA)

Grantee Research Project Results

Extramural Research Search

Level III awards - are for those who have accomplished an unusually notable research or technological effort. The awards are for a substantial revision or modification of a scientific/technological principle or procedure, or an important improvement to the value of a device, activity, program, or service to the public. Awarded research relates to a mission or organizational component of the EPA, or significantly affects a relevant area of science/technology.

Scientist at work  Bumblebee  ORD Research Vessel  Field sampling

Nominations Recommended for a Level III Award ($1000) -- Total of Thirty-One
Nom. # Titles and Citations of Submitted Papers Eligible Authors* and Nominating Organizations Non-EPA Authors and Organizations Citation
S5CS0002 Simulation and Evaluation of Elemental Mercury Concentration Increase in Flue Gas Across a Wet Scrubber.
Environmental Science & Technology, 37(24):5763-5766 (2003)
John Chang (80%)

NRMRL, Research Triangle Park, NC
S. Behrooz Ghorishi (20%) -- ARCADIS G&M, Inc. Making Wet Scrubbers an Efficient and Cost-Effective Mercury-Emission Control Technology
S5CS0004 A Permeable Barrier for Treatment of Heavy Metals.
Ground Water, 40(1):59-66 (2002)
Ralph Ludwig (65%)

Rick G. McGregor (25%) -- XCG Consultants
David Blowes (3.33%) -- University of Waterloo Shawn G. Benner (3.33%) -- Stanford University Keith Mountjoy (3.33%) -- Conor Pacific Environmental Technologies, Inc.
Advancing the Acceptance and Deployment of Organic-Based Permeable Reactive Barriers for the Treatment of Metals in Contaminated Groundwater
S5EF0010 a) Alternative Futures for the Willamette River Basin, Oregon.
Ecological Applications, 14(2):313-324 (2004)
b) Projecting the Biological Condition of Streams Under Alternative Scenarios of Human Land Use.
Ecological Applications, 14(2):368-380 (2004)
c) Projecting Wildlife Responses to Alternative Future Landscapes in Oregon's Willamette Basin.
Ecological Applications, 14(2):381-400 (2004)
d) Alternative-Futures Analysis for the Willamette River Basin, Oregon.
Ecological Applications, 14(2):311-312 (2004)
Joan P. Baker (25%)
John Van Sickle (20%)
Nathan H. Schumaker (20%)
Denis White (10%)
Dixon Landers (5%)

NHEERL, Corvallis, OR
David W. Hulse (10%) -- University of Oregon
Stanley V. Gregory (2%) -- Oregon State University
Patricia A. Berger (2%) -- Oregon State University
David Dole (2%) -- Asian Development Bank
Patti Haggerty (2%) -- Indus Corporation
Alan Herlihy (2%) -- Oregon State University
Innovative Research Addressing Complex, Large Environmental Problems - Willamette Basin Alternative Futures Analysis
S5ER0024 Relative Role of Lake and Tributary in Hydrology of Lake Superior Coastal Wetlands.
Journal of Great Lakes Research, 28(2):212-227 (2002)
Anett S. Trebitz (60%)
John A. Morrice (30%)
Anne M. Cotter (10%)

NHEERL, Duluth, MN
  Research Defining the Role of Hydrology in Mediating Potential Ecological Responses of Great Lakes Coastal Wetlands
S5ER0026 Hypoxia in Chesapeake Bay, 1950 - 2001: Long-Term Change in Relation to Nutrient Loading and River Flow.
Estuaries, 27(4):634-658 (2004)
James Hagy (75%)

NHEERL, Gulf Breeze, FL
Walter R. Boynton (10%) -- Chesapeake Biological Laboratory
Carolyn W. Keefe (10%) -- Chesapeake Biological Laboratory
Kathryn V. Wood (5%) -- Chesapeake Biological Laboratory
Scientific Clarity and Insight to Support Management of Nutrient Loading, Eutrophication and Hypoxia in the Chesapeake Bay
S5ER0027 Growth of the Marsh Elder 'Iva frutescens' in Relation to Duration of Tidal Flooding.
Estuaries, 27(2):217-224 (2004)
Glen B. Thursby (50%)
Mohamed A. Abdelrhman (50%)
NHEERL, Narragansett, RI
  Quantifying Flooding Effects on a Marsh Plant ("Iva frutescens") as a First Step to Identify Anthropogenic Effects
S5ER0029 Relation of Environmental Characteristics to Fish Assemblages in the Upper French Broad River Basin, North Carolina.
Environmenteal Monitoring and Assessment, 93(1-3):139-156 (2004)
Brenda Rashleigh (100%)

NERL, Athens, GA
  Developing an Innovative and Practical Research Approach to Diagnose Causes of Impairment in Stream Ecosystems
S5ER0112 Whole Seedling Biomass Allocation, Leaf Area and Tissue Chemistry for Douglas-Fir Exposed to Elevated CO2 and Temperature for Four Years. Canadian J. of Forest Research, 33:269-278 (2003) David M. Olszyk (20%)
Mark G. Johnson (15%)
David T. Tingey (15%)
Paul T. Rygiewicz (15%)
Claudia Wise (15%)

NHEERL, Corvallis, OR
Erica (VanEss) Buckner (5%) -- Sherwood, OR
Annick Benson-Scott (5%) -- Portland, OR
Marjorie Storm (5%) -- Dynamac Inc.
Richard King (5%) -- Dynamac Inc.
A Unique Study on the Ecological Effects of Climate Change on Trees
S5ES0034 Regional Trends in Rural Sulfur Concentrations.
Atmospheric Environment, 38(66):1673-1684 (2004)
David M. Holland (50%)

NERL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Petruta Caragea (25%) -- Iowa State University
Richard L. Smith (25%) -- University of North Carolina
Estimation of Emission-Related Regional Trends in Air Quality Data
S5HE0035 Smoking as a Confounder in Ecologic Correlations of Cancer Mortality Rates with Average County Radon Levels.
Health Physics, 84(4):526-532 (2003)
Jerome S. Puskin (100%)

ORIA, Washington, DC
  An Outstanding Paper Elucidating a Negative Correlation Between Lung Cancer Mortality and Radon Levels in Homes
S5HE0041 a) Bioassay-Directed Fractionation and 'Salmonella' Mutagenicity of Automobile and Forklift Diesel Exhaust Particles.
Environmental Health Perspectives, 112(8):814-819 (2004)
b) Sample Characterization of Automobile and Forklift Diesel Exhaust Particles and Comparative Pulmonary Toxicity in Mice.
Environmental Health Perspectives, 112(8):820-825 (2004)
Pramila Singh (25%)
David M. DeMarini (20%)
M. Ian Gilmour (15%)
William P. Linak (10%)
Lance R. Brooks (10%)
Dennis G. Tabor (8%)
Sarah H. Warren (7%)
Jeff V. Ryan (1%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Colin A. J. Dick (3%) -- University of North Carolina
Takahiro Kobayashi (1%) -- National Institute for Environmental Studies
Setting Standards for Conducting Multidisciplinary Environmental Health Effects Studies of Complex Particulate Mixtures

a) Cloning and In Vitro Expression and Characterization of the Androgen Receptor and Isolation os Estrogen Receptor from the Fathead Minnow ("Pimephales Promelas").
Environmental Science and Technology, 38(23):6314-6321 (2004)
b) Evaluation of the Model Anti-Androgen Flutamide for Assessing the Mechanistic Basis of Responses to and Androgen in the Fathead Minnow ("Pimephales Promelas").
Environmental Science and Technology, 38(23):6322-6327 (2004)

Modeling Impacts on Populations: Fathead Minnow ("pimephales Promelas") Exposure to the Endocrine Disrupters 17 B-Trenbolone as a Case Study.
Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety, 59(1):1-9 (2004)
Gerald T. Ankley (15%)
Vickie Wilson (15%)
L. Earl Gray (10%)
Phillip Hartig (10%)
Ann L. Miracle (10%)
Mary Cardon (5%)
Jeff Welch (5%)
Kathleen M. Jensen (5%)
Elizabeth Makynen (5%)
Michael Kahl (5%)
Joseph J. Korte (5%)
David L. DeFoe (5%)

David H. Miller (75%)
Gerald T. Ankley (25%)

NHEERL, Duluth, MN
Joseph Thorton (5%) -- University of Oregon Androgen Receptor-Mediated Processes in the Fathead Minnow: A Basis for Species Extrapolation and Individual Population Level Projections
S5MM0044 A LC/MS Method for the Determination of Cyanobacteria Toxins in Water.
Analytical Chemistry, 76(5):1342-1351 (2004)
William L. Budde (60%)

NERL, Cincinnati, OH
Mila Maizels (40%) -- Quintiles, Inc. Research Demonstrating EPA Leadership in Developing More Accurate and Precise, Faster, and Less Expensive Analytical Methods for Unregulated Cyanobacteria Toxins in Water
S5MM0045 A Quantitative Assessment of a Combined Spectral and GIS Rule-Based Land-Cover Classification in the Neuse River Basin of North Carolina.
Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing (PERS), 69(3):299-310 (2003)
Ross S. Lunetta (30%)
John S. Iiames (15%)
Andrew N. Pilant (15%)
John G. Lyon (10%)

NERL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Jayantha Ediriwickrema (10%) -- C/O US EPA/NERL, RTP
David M. Johnson (10%) -- Silver Spring, MD
Alexa J. McKerrow (10%) -- North Carolina State University
Original Research in the Area of Land-Cover Characterization
S5MM0056 a) Formation of Nitro Musk Adducts of Rainbow
Trout Hemoglobin for Potential Use as Biomarkers of Exposure.
Aquat. Toxicol., 67:315-324 (2004)
b) Determination of a Bound Musk Xylene Metabolite in Carp Hemoglobin as a Biomarker of Exposure by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry Using Selected Ion Monitoring.
Journal of Analytical Toxicology, 28(7):581-586 (2004)
c) Nitro Musk Matabolites Bound to Carp Hemoglobin: Determination by GC with Two MS Detection Modes: EIMS Versus Electron Capture Negative Ion MS.
Intern. J. Environ. Anal. Chem., 84(15):1069-1078 (2004)
G. Wayne Sovocool (30%)
William C. Brumley (20%)
Steven M. Pyle (10%)

NERL, Las Vegas, NV
Mohammad A. Mottaleb (20%) -- Baylor University
Lawrence R. Curtis (10%) -- Oregon State University
Xiaoming Zhao (10%) -- Trent University
Seminal Work in the Determination of Biomarkers of Exposure (Fish Hemoglobin Adducts) for a Sentinel Species
S5MM0058 a) An Investigation of the Chemical Stability of Arsenosugars in Simulated Gastric Juice and Acidic Environments Using IC-ICP-MS and IC-ESI-MS/MS.
The Analyst, 127:781-785 (2002)
b) An Investigation of the Chemical Stability of Arsenosugars in Basic Environments Using IC-ICP-MS and IC-ESI-MS/MS.
The Analyst, 128:1458-1461 (2003)
c) Extraction and Detection of a New Arsine Sulfide Containing Arsenosugar in Molluscs by IC-ICP-MS and IC-ESI-MS/MS.
Journal of Analytical Atomic Spectrometry, 19:1454-1459 (2004)
John T. Creed (21%)
Patricia A. Gallagher-Creed (21%)
Carol A. Schwegel (21%)
Jody A. Shoemaker (10%)

NERL, Cincinnati, OH
Bryan Gamble (15%) -- US FDA
Amy N. Parks (7%) -- SoBran, Inc.
Michael Fricke (5%) -- Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education
Xinyi Wei (0%) -- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
David M. Freeman (0%) -- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
An Investigation of Arsenosugars as an Arsenic Dietary-Exposure Source with an Emphasis on Chemical Stability
S5RA0066 Advances in Encapsulation Technologies for the Management of Mercury-Contaminated Hazardous Wastes.
Journal of Hazardous Materials, 114(1-3):211-223 (2004)
Paul Randall (80%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH
Sandip Chattopadhyay (20%) -- Battelle Memorial Institute Advances in Mercury-Encapsulation Technologies
S5RA0067 Brominated Flame Retardants: Cause for Concern?
Environmental Health Perspectives, 112(1):9-17 (2004)
Linda S. Birnbaum (90%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Daniele F. Staskal (10%) -- University of North Carolina Concern About Brominated Flame Retardants
S5RA0073 a) Antimicrobial Activity of Copper and Zinc Accumulated in Eastern Oyster Amebocytes.
Journal of Shellfish Research, 23(2):321-351 (2004)
b) Relationship of Amebocytes and Terrestrial Elements to Adult Shell Deposition in Eastern Oysters.
Journal of Shellfish Research, 23(2):353-367 (2004)
William S. Fisher (100%)

NHEERL, Gulf Breeze, FL
  Demonstrating the Significance of Terrestrial Elements in Freshwater Inflow to Estuarine Habitat
S5RA0074 a) Overview of Phytotransformation and Control of Wastes.
Phytoremediation: Transformation and Control of Contaminants edited by S.C. McCutcheon and J. L. Schnoor, Wiley Interscience, pp: 1-58 (2003)
b) Proof of Phytoremediation for Explosives in Water and Soil.
Phytoremediation: Transformation and Control of Contaminants edited by S.C. McCutcheon and J. L. Schnoor, Wiley Interscience, pp: 429-480 (2003)
c) Five-Year Pilot Study: Aberdeen Proving Ground, Maryland.
Phytoremediation: Transformation and Control of Contaminants edited by S.C. McCutcheon and J. L. Schnoor, Wiley Interscience, pp: 635-659 (2003)
d) Hydrologic Feasibility Assessment and Design in Phytoremediation.
Phytoremediation:Transformation and Control of Contaminants edited by S.C. McCutcheon and J. L. Schnoor, Wiley Interscience, pp: 695-716 (2003)
e) Field Evaluations of Phytotechnologies.
Phytoremediation: Transformation and Control of Contaminants edited by S.C. McCutcheon and J. L. Schnoor, Wiley Interscience, pp: 905-924 (2003)
Steven C. McCutcheon (55%)
Steve A. Rock (10%)
James Weaver (5%)
Steven Hirsh (4%)
Harry R. Compton (3%)
Dale Haroski Matey (2%)
Stacy L. Hutchinson (1%)

NERL, Athens, GA
Jerald L. Schnoor (17%) -- University of Iowa
Vic Medina (2%) -- US Army Corp of Engineers
John Wrobel (.5%) -- US Army Garrison Aberdeen Proving Ground
William H. Schneider (.5%) -- Weston Solutions, Inc.
Reviews of the New Field and Pioneering the Practice of Phytoremediation to Clean Up Hazardous Waste Sites Using Green Plants
S5RA0075 a) Distributed Structure-Searchable Toxicity (DSSTox) Public Database Network: A Proposal.
Mutation Research, 499:27-52 (2002)
b) Public Sources of Mutagenicity and Carcinogenicity Data: Use in Structure-Activity Relationship Models.
Quantitative Structure-Activity Relationship (QSAR) Models of Mutagens and Carcinogens, Ed. R. Benigni, CRC Press, :145-173 (2003)
c) DSSTox Web Site Launch: Improving Public Access to Databases for Building Structure-Toxicity Prediction Models.
Preclinica, 2(2):103-108 (2004)
Ann M. Richard (80%)
ClarLynda R. Williams (20%)

NHEERL, Research Triangle Park, NC
  Distributed Structure-Searchable Toxicity Database Network (DSSTox) Website and Related Publications
S5RA0077 a) Geochemistry of PAHs in Aquatic Environments: A Synthesis of Source, Distribution and
PAHs: An Ecotoxicological Perspective, P.E.T. Douben (Ed.), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., London, pp:35-45 (2003)
b) An Overview of the Partitioning and Bioavailability of PAHs in Sediments and Soils.
PAHs: An Ecotoxicological Perspective, P.E.T. Douben (Ed.), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., London, pp:99-126 (2003)
Robert Burgess (59%)

NHEERL, Narragansett, RI
Michael J. Ahrens (22%) -- National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA)
Christopher W. Hickey (8%) -- National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research (NIWA)
Pieter J. den Bensten (3%) -- Institute for Inland Water Management and Waste Water Treatment (RIZA)
Dorien ten Hulscher (2%) -- Institute for Inland Water Management and Waste Water Treatment (RIZA)
Bert van Hattum (2%) -- Institute for Environmental Studies
James P. Meador (2%) -- NOAA, Northwest Fisheries Science Center
Peter E. T. Douben (2%) -- Unilever R&D Colworth
Preparation of Review Articles Discussing the Geochemistry and Bioavailability of PAHs in Aquatic Environments
S5RA0078 Rising Atmospheric CO2 and Carbon Sequestration in Forests.
Frontiers in Ecology and Environment, 2(6):315-322 (2004)
Peter A. Beedlow (35%)
David T. Tingey (30%)
William E. Hogsett (15%)
Donald L. Phillips (10%)
David M. Olszyk (10%)

NHEERL, Corvallis, OR
  Synthesizing Research on the Ability of Forests to Absorb Anthropogenic Carbon and Proposing Land-Management Approaches
S5RA0113 Recent Advances in Transgenic Arthropod
Bulletin of Entomological Research, 94:95-110 (2004)
Melissa Kramer (100%)

OSCP, Washington, DC
  Work in Understanding Environmental Risks That may be Associated with Deployment of Transgenic Arthropods in Nature
S5RM0082 Industrial Surface Impoundments: Environmental Settings, Release and Exposure Potential and Risk Characterization.
The Science of the Total Environment, 317(1-3):1-22 (2003)
W. Barnes Johnson (20%)
Jan Young (14%)
Paul Balserak (8%)
Becky Cuthbertson (18%)

OSW, Washington, DC
Robert Stewart (5%) -- Science Applications International Corporation
Robert Truesdale (11.7%) -- RTI International
Steve Beaulieu (11.7%) -- RTI International
Roy Whitmore (11.6%) -- RTI International
Important Contributions to Knowledge of Waste-Management Practices and Their Human Health and Environmental Impacts
S5RM0083 a) Advances in Biotreatment of Acid Mine Drainage and Biorecovery of Metals: 1. Metal Precipitation for Recovery and Recycle.
Biodegradation, 14(6):423-436 (2003)
b) Advances in Biotreatment of Acid Mine Drainage and Biorecovery of Metals: 2. Membrane Bioreactor System for Sulfate Reduction.
Biodegradation, 14(6):437-453 (2003)
Henry H. Tabak (50%)
Richard Scharp (10%)
Fred K. Kawahara (10%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH
Rakesh Govind (20%) -- University of Cincinnati

John Burckle (10%) -- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
Advances in Biorecovery of Metals and Biotreatment of Sulfate in Acid-Mine Drainage Wastes
S5TF0095 Influence of pH and Oxidation-Reduction Potential (Eh) on the Dissolution of Mercury-Containing Mine Wastes from the Sulphur Bank Mercury Mine.
Minerals & Metallurgical Processing, 21(2):93-98 (2004)
Paul Randall (80%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH
Sandip Chattopadhyay (20%) -- Battelle Memorial Institute The Study on the Effect of pH and Redox Conditions on Leaching of Mercury-Containing Mine Wastes
S5TF0098 a) Ambient Ammonia and Ammonium Across a Region of Variable Ammonia Emission Density.
Atmospheric Environment, 38(9):1235-1246 (2004)
b) Atmospheric Concentrations of Ammonia and Ammonium at an Agricultural Site in the Southeast United States.
Atmospheric Environment, 36(10):1661-1674 (2002)
John T. Walker (70%)

NRMRL, Research Triangle Park, NC
Wayne Robarge (15%) -- North Carolina State University
David Whitall (5%) -- Center for Coastal Monitoring and Assessment, NOAA
Hans Paerl (5%) -- University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill
Ron B. McCulloch (3%) -- URS Corporation
George Murray (2%) -- North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources
Assessing the Influence of Agricultural Ammonia Emissions on Ambient Concentrations of Ammonia and Inorganic PM2.5
S5TF0099 a) Screening Model for Volatile Pollutants in Dual Porosity Soils.
Hydrology, 260:58-74 (2002)
b) Theoretical Development and Analytical Solutions for Transport of Volatile Organic Compounds in Dual-Porosity Soils.
Hydrology, 279:18-42 (2003)
Mohamed M. Hantush (75%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH
Rao S. Govindaraju (20%) -- Purdue University
Miguel A. Marino (2.5%) -- University of California - Davis
Zhonglong Zhang (2.5%) -- Water Quality & Contaminant Modeling Branch, CEERD-EP-W
Developing Models for Soil, Air, and Groundwater-Vulnerability Assessment and Management of the Use and Disposal of Organic Chemicals
S5TF0102 a) Effects of Aging and pH on Dissolution Kinetics and Stability of Chloropyromorphite.
Environmental Science and Technology, 36(10):2198-2204 (2002)
b) In Vitro Formation of Pyromorphite via Reaction of Pb Sources with Soft-Drink Phosphoric Acid.
Science of the Total Environment, 302(1-3):253-265 (2003)
c) Assessment of a Sequential Extraction Procedure for Perturbed Lead-Contaminated Samples with and without Phosphorus Amendments.
Environmental Science and Technology, 37(9):1892-1998 (2003)
d) Spectroscopic Speciation and Quantification of Lead in Phosphate-Amended Soils.
Journal of Environment Quality, 33(4):1288-1295 (2004)
Kirk G. Scheckel (54%)
James A. Ryan (40%)
Christopher A. Impellitteri (5%)

NRMRL, Cincinnati, OH
Thomas McEvoy (1%) -- Walnut Hills Learning Center Thermodynamic and Spectroscopic Understanding of In-Situ Pb Remediation
S5TF0103 Modeling Leaching of Viruses by the Monte Carlo Method.
Water Research, 37(19):4719-4729 (2003)
Barton R. Faulkner (55%)
Faruque A. Khan (10%)

William G. Lyon (25%) -- Ada, OK
Sandip Chattopadhyay (10%) -- Environmental Restoration Department Battelle Laboratory
Development of a Method to Predict Risk of Contamination by Viruses for Drinking-Water-Supply Aquifers
Key to Acronyms used in the above Table

NERL           National Exposure Research Laboratory
NHEERL      National Health and Environmental Effects Laboratory
NRMRL        National Risk Management Research Laboratory
OAQPS       Office of Air Quality Planning and Standards
OPP            Office of Pesticide Programs
ORIA           Office of Radiation and Indoor Air
OSCP         Office of Science Coordination and Policy
OSW          Office of Solid Waste

               *Note: The percentages given after name represent the current percent of the total level of effort as documented in the EPA nomination. 


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