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Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in the Environment: Scientific and Regulatory Issues

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Posted (abstracted/excerpted) with permission from the American Chemical Society: Daughton, C.G.; Jones-Lepp, T.L. (eds.)  Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in the Environment: Scientific and Regulatory Issues, Symposium Series 791; American Chemical Society: Washington, D.C., 2001.  
Copyright 2001 American Chemical Society

Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in the Environment:
Scientific and Regulatory Issues

editors: Christian G. Daughton & Tammy L. Jones-Lepp
publishers: ACS/Oxford University Press

 [Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in the Environment: 
Scientific and Regulatory Issues,
Daughton, C.G. and Jones-Lepp, T. (eds.), 
Symposium Series 791
; American Chemical Society: Washington, D.C., 2001; 
available from: http://www.oup-usa.org/isbn/0841237395.htmlExit EPA Disclaimer

Table of Contents

Cover  

Preface
Christian Daughton and Tammy Jones-Lepp, U.S. EPA

. . . . . . . xi

Overview

1. Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in the Environment: Overarching Issues and Overview
Christian G. Daughton

. . . . . . . 2

2. Pharmaceuticals and Metabolites as Contaminants of the Aquatic Environment 
Thomas Ternes

. . . . . . . 39

Occurrence in the Environment

3. Occurrence and Fate of Fluoroquinolone, Macrolide, and Sulfonamide Antibiotics during Wastewater Treatment and in Ambient Waters in Switzerland 
Alfredo C. Alder, Christa S. McArdell, Eva M. Golet, Slavica Ibric, Eva Molnar, Norriel S. Nipales, and Walter Giger

. . . . . . . 56

4. Occurrence of Pharmaceutical Residues in Sewage, River, Ground and Drinking Water in Greece and Berlin (Germany) 
Th. Heberer, B. Fuhrmann, K. Schmidt-Bäumler, D. Tsipi, V. Koutsouba, and A. Hiskia

. . . . . . . 70

5. Pharmaceuticals in Groundwater: Clofibric Acid Beneath Sewage Farms South of Berlin, Germany 
Traugott Scheytt, Susanne Grams, Elzbieta Rejman-Rasinski, Thomas Heberer, Hans-Jürgen Stan

. . . . . . . 84

6. Phenazone Analgesics in Soil and Groundwater below a Municipal Solid Waste Landfill 
Marijan Ahel and Ivana Jelicic

. . . . . . 100

7. Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products in the Waters of Lake Mead, Nevada
Shane Snyder, Kevin Kelly, Andrew Grange, G. Wayne Sovocool, Erin M. Snyder, and John Giesy

. . . . . . 116

Personal Care Products

8. Occurrence and Fate of Synthetic Musks in the Aquatic System of Urban Areas:  
Polycyclic and Nitro Musks as Environmental Pollutants in Surface Waters, Sediments and Aquatic
Biota 
Th. Heberer, A. These, and U.A. Grosch

. . . . . . 142

9. Ecotoxicology of Musks 
D.R. Dietrich and Y.-J. Chou

. . . . . . 156

10. Environmental Risks of Musk Fragrance Ingredients 
Froukje Balk, Han Blok, Daniel T. Salvito

. . . . . . 168

Waste Treatment

11. Drugs in Municipal Sewage Effluents:  Screening and Biodegradation Studies 
Edda Möhle and Jörg Metzger

. . . . . . 192

12. Concerns about Pharmaceuticals in Water Reuse, Groundwater Recharge, and Animal Waste 
Jörg E. Drewes and Laurence S. Shore

. . . . . . 206

Ecotoxicological Issues

13. Iodinated X-ray Contrast Media In The Aquatic Environment - Fate and Effects 
T. Steger-Hartmann, R. Länge, and H. Schweinfurth

. . . . . . 230

14. Multidrug/Multixenobiotic Transporters and Their Significance with Respect to Environmental Levels of Pharmaceuticals and Personal Care Products 
D. Epel and T. Smital

. . . . . . 244

15. Antidepressants in Aquatic Organisms: A Wide Range of Effects 
Peter P. Fong

. . . . . . 264

16. Veterinary Medicines and Soil Quality: The Danish Situation as an Example 
John Jensen

. . . . . . 282

Risk Assessment

17. Environmental Risk Assessment of Pharmaceuticals: A Proposal with Special Emphasis on European Aspects 
Jörg Römbke, Thomas Knacker, and Hanka Teichmann

. . . . . . 304

18. Regulatory Oversight for the Environmental Assessment of Human and Animal Health Drugs: Environmental Assessment Regulations for Drugs 
Ranga Velagaleti and Michael Gill

. . . . . . 320

19. Degradation and Depletion of Pharmaceuticals in the Environment 
Ranga Velagaleti and Michael Gill

. . . . . . 333

‡ 20. Illicit Drugs in Municipal Sewage: Proposed New Non-Intrusive Tool to Heighten Public Awareness of Societal Use of Illicit/Abused Drugs and Their Potential for Ecological Consequences  
Christian G. Daughton   

. . . . . . 348

Author Index

. . . . . . 365

Subject Index 

. . . . . . 366


 

Post-Publication Commentary on Illicit Drugs in the Environment:  A Tool for Public Education - Societal Drug Abuse and Aid to Terrorism    (C.G. Daughton)


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