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Models, Tools, and Applications

Securing and Sustaining Water Systems
  • CANARY Contamination event detection software
  • EPANET-MSX Modeling complex reactions in water distribution systems
  • TEVA-SPOT Placing water quality sensors optimally
Characterizing Contamination and Determining Risk
  • Message Mapping Science-based tools for crisis communication
  • RV-PCR Rapid viability polymerase chain reaction protocol
  • SAM Selected analytical methods database
  • SERRA Knowledge base of biological agents
Remediating Indoor and Outdoor Environments
  • BOTE Bio-Response Operational Testing and Evaluation
  • I-WASTE Contaminated debris disposal database
  • LCAT Determining cost effective retrofitting to protect buildings
  • Safe Buildings Protective measures for design and operations of facilities

BOTE (Bio-response Operational Testing and Evaluation)

The Bio-response Operational Testing and Evaluation (BOTE) Project is a multi-agency effort designed to test and evaluate biological incident response operations following an anthrax release (non-disease causing organism used). 

Bio-response Operational Testing and Evaluation Video

Additional Information:

CANARY Event Detection System (EDS) Software

Drinking water quality can fluctuate daily and seasonally or when operating conditions change.  CANARY EDS software allows water utilities to identify changes that are not part of the normal water quality variations, but might indicate potential contamination.

CANARY Manual and Software Link

Additional Information:


EPANET software can model flow and water quality in pressurized pipe networks. With EPANET-MSX (Multi-Species eXtension), complex chemical and biological reactions in drinking water distribution systems can be modeled. EPANET-MSX is distributed in a compressed zip file that contains a command line executable, several libraries of functions, and a User’s Manual.

EPANET-MSX Documentation and Software Link

Additional Information:

I-WASTE (Incident Waste Assessment and Tonnage Estimator)

A number of collaborators have contributed to the incident waste management, planning, and response database. Information on all aspects of handling, transporting, treating, and disposing of contaminated debris, as well as databases of facilities are included.

Incident Waste Decision Support Tool (I-WASTE DST) Login

Additional Information:

LCAT (Life-cycle Cost Analysis Tool)

Risk assessment can identify the possible hazards confronting facilities if there is a release of chemical or biological agents. The Life-cycle Cost Analysis Tool can find the most cost-effective way to retrofit and protect the facility.

Life-Cycle Cost Analysis Software (LCAT)

Additional Information:

PI CAT (Pathogen Information Catalog Tool)

Information derived from microbial dose-response assessment is being used to support risk-based cleanup goals.

PI Cat Database and Software Tool

Risk Communication

Risk communicators use science-based tools for developing crisis communication. One important tool is message mapping. Sets of questions that might be asked by different audiences are developed. Then detailed, hierarchically organized messages are written, each supported by key information aimed at the particular audience.

Message Mapping Workshop Video

Additional Information:

RV-PCR (Rapid Viability PCR Protocol)

During the cleanup phase of a response to contamination with Bacillus anthracis spores, rapid viability polymerase chain reaction (RV-PCR) protocols are used to detect whether live spores remain in environmental samples.

Rapid Viability PCR Video

Additional Information:

SAM (Selected Analytical Methods)

Resources and analytical methods are provided for use by laboratories tasked with performing analyses of environmental samples to support EPA’s remediation and recovery activities following a homeland security incident.

Selected Analytical Methods (SAM) database and resources

Additional Information:

Safe Buildings

In several workshops, EPA and building professionals discussed how to prepare a building for a terrorist attack, and how to incorporate protective measures in the design and operation of a facility.  The videos contain information on securing buildings against chemical and biological agents.

Securing Buildings Against Chemical and Biological Agents Workshop Videos

Additional Information:

SERRA (Support for Environmental Rapid Risk Assessment)

SERRA is an extensive collection of information about chemical, biological, or radiological agents to be used for managing, cleaning up, and reducing the hazards encountered after a terrorist attack. Data were evaluated and extracted by subject matter experts.  You will need to register to use the SERRA database.

SERRA Support for Environmental Rapid Risk Assessment Software Login

Additional Information:

TEVA-SPOT (Threat Ensemble Vulnerability Assessment-Sensor Placement Optimization Tool)

By using TEVA-SPOT, water utilities can optimize the placement of water quality sensors in water distribution networks.

TEVA-SPOT Graphical User Interface Software Manual and Software Links

TEVA-SPOT Toolkit Software Manual and Software Links

Additional Information:

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