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Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act Compliance Monitoring

FIFRA Topics

EPA works with its federal, state and tribal regulatory partners to assure compliance with pesticide laws and regulations in order to protect human health and the environment. The major federal law governing pesticides is the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA).

To assure the quality and integrity of data submitted to the Agency, EPA prescribes good laboratory practices for those labs conducting studies that support or are intended to support applications for registration of pesticide products. EPA conducts inspections of these laboratories and data audits to monitor compliance.

Individuals applying pesticides must do so in a manner not only consistent with federal laws, but also consistent with state laws and regulations which may differ from state to state. In general, states have primary authority for compliance monitoring and enforcement against the use of pesticides in violation of the labeling requirements. Additionally, the agency with primary responsibility for pesticides differs from state to state. Usually a state's department of agriculture has the primary responsibility, but this responsibility may be a state's environmental agency or other agency.

Several different approaches are utilized by EPA. They include:

The FIFRA compliance monitoring program works in conjunction with the Agency's pesticide compliance assistance activities as well as the FIFRA civil enforcement program.

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