The National Response Team (NRT) is an inter-agency group that provides guidance prior to an incident and, when requested, technical and financial assistance during an incident. The NRT is co-chaired by EPA and the U.S. Coast Guard. When activated for a response action, the NRT may take several actions:
- Monitor and evaluate reports from the OSC and recommend, through the Regional Response Teams specific response actions;
- Request resources from other federal, state, or local governments or private agencies to combat a release, or to monitor response operations; and/or
- Coordinate the supply of equipment, personnel, or technical advice to the affected region from other regions.
Regional Response Teams (RRTs) also are interagency groups that consist of representatives from federal, state, and local governments that conduct pre-response planning and preparedness activities, as well as coordinate and provide advice during response actions. The two principal components of the RRT are below:
- Thirteen standing teams that provide region-wide support on communications, planning, coordination, training, evaluation, and preparedness. The jurisdiction of each standing team corresponds to the ten Federal Regions, with the addition of: (1) Alaska; (2) Puerto Rico and the Virgin Islands; and (3) Hawaii and U.S. trusts or territories in the Pacific.
- Incident-specific teams for which participation depends on the technical nature and location of the incident.