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Laws and Regulations

Several laws and the regulations developed to implement them are the foundation of EPA's Emergency Management Program.

You will need Adobe Acrobat Reader, available as a free download, to view some of the files on this page. See EPA's PDF page to learn more about PDF, and for a link to the free Acrobat Reader.

Laws Defining EPA's Emergency Management Program


Law Overview Full Text
Clean Air Act (CAA) Overview 42 U.S.C. 7401-7671
Clean Water Act (CWA) Overview 33 U.S.C. 26
Oil Pollution Act (OPA) Overview 33 U.S.C. 40
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, & Liability Act (CERCLA) Overview 42 U.S.C. 103
Superfund Amendments & Reauthorization Act (SARA) Overview 42 U.S.C. 103
Emergency Planning & Community Right-to-Know (EPCRA) Overview 42 U.S.C. 116
Chemical Safety Information, Site Security and Fuels Regulatory Relief Act (CSISSFRRA) Overview 42 U.S.C. 7412(r)
Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA) Overview 49 U.S.C. 5101-5127

Regulations Implementing EPA's Emergency Management Program

This section provides specific information on EPA's emergency management regulations.  To search other regulations, please see:

The e-CFR is not an official edition of the CFR, which is printed annually by the Government Printing Office (GPO).  However, the GPO updates the e-CFR daily with Federal Register amendments, making it a more current, if unofficial version of the CFR.

Each regulation is referenced by its location in the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR). For example, "40 CFR 300" means that the regulation is in Volume 40, Part 300 of the CFR.


Regulation Overview Full Text Related FR Notices
Chemical Accident Prevention Provisions Overview 40 CFR 68 FR Notices

Discharge of Oil

Overview 40 CFR 110 FR Notices
Oil Pollution Prevention Overview 40 CFR 112 FR Notices
National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan Overview 40 CFR 300 FR Notices
Designation, Reportable Quantities, and Notification Overview 40 CFR 302 FR Notices
Reimbursement to Local Governments for Emergency Response to Hazardous Substance Releases Overview 40 CFR 310 FR Notices
Emergency Planning and Notification Overview 40 CFR 355 FR Notices
Hazardous Chemical Reporting: Community Right-to-Know Overview 40 CFR 370 FR Notices
Criteria for State, Local and Regional Oil Removal Contingency Plans Overview

40 CFR 109

FR Notices

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Relevant Federal Register Notices

This section provides links to Federal Register (FR) notices relevant to EPA's emergency management regulations.  To browse or search FR publications for other EPA rules, proposed rules, and notices, please see Federal Register Environmental Documents. Each notice is referenced by its location in the Federal Register (FR). For example, "69 FR 18819" means that the notice is in Volume 69, Page 18819 of the FR.

Chemical Accident Prevention Provisions; 40 CFR 68

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Discharge of Oil; 40 CFR 110

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Oil Pollution Prevention; 40 CFR 112

Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Rule

  • October 14, 2010: Oil Pollution Prevention; Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Rule - Compliance Date Amendment - Final Rule. 75 FR 63093 PDF (11 pp, 183K)
  • June 19, 2009: Oil Pollution Prevention; Non-Transportation Related Onshore Facilities; Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Rule - Compliance Date Amendment - Final Rule. 74 FR 29136 HTML | PDF (7 pp, 120K)
  • April 1, 2009: Oil Pollution Prevention; Non-Transportation Related Onshore Facilities; Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Rule - Final Amendments - Delay of Effective Date and Request for Comment on SPCC Requirements Finalized in December 2008 - Final Rule. 74 FR 14736 HTML | PDF (3 pp, 83K)
  • February 3, 2009: Oil Pollution Prevention; Non-Transportation Related Onshore Facilities; Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Rule - Final Amendments - Delay of Effective Date and Request for Comment on SPCC Requirements Finalized in December 2008 - Final Rule. 74 FR 5900 HTML | PDF (4 pp, 75K)
  • January 15, 2009: Oil Pollution Prevention; Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Rule Requirements - Proposal to Exempt Milk Containers and Associated Piping and Appurtenances from the SPCC Rule. 74 FR 2461 HTML | PDF (5 pp, 103K)
  • December 5, 2008: Oil Pollution Prevention; Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Rule Requirements - Amendments. 73 FR 74235 HTML | PDF (89 pp, 3M)
  • November 26, 2008: Oil Pollution Prevention; Non-Transportation Related Onshore Facilities - Proposal to Amend Compliance Dates. 73 FR 72016 HTML | PDF (7 pp, 121K)
  • November 26, 2008: Oil Pollution Prevention; Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Rule; Revisions to the Regulatory Definition of "Navigable Waters." 73 FR 71941 HTML | PDF (4 pp, 75K)
  • May 16, 2007: Oil Pollution Prevention; Non-Transportation Related Onshore and Offshore Facilities; Final Rule. 72 FR 27443 HTML | PDF (6 pp, 127K)
  • December 26, 2006: Oil Pollution Prevention; Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure Plan Requirements - Amendments; Final Rule. 71 FR 77266 HTML | PDF (28 pp, 338K)
  • February 17, 2006: Oil Pollution Prevention; Non-Transportation Related Onshore Facilities; Final Rule; Extension Deadlines. 71 FR 8462 HTML | PDF (6 pp, 115K)
  • August 11, 2004: Oil Pollution Prevention and Response; Non-Transportation-Related Onshore and Offshore Facilities; Final rule to extend deadline. 69 FR 48794 HTML | PDF (6 pp, 73K)
  • May 25, 2004: Notice Concerning Certain Issues Pertaining to the July 2002 Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Rule. 69 FR 29728 HTML | PDF (3 pp, 59K)
  • August 11, 2004: Oil Pollution Prevention and Response; Non-Transportation-Related Onshore and Offshore Facilities. 69 FR 48794 HTML | PDF (6 pp, 73K)
  • April 17, 2003: Oil Pollution Prevention and Response; Non-Transportation-Related Onshore and Offshore Facilities; Final Rule. 68 FR 18890 HTML | PDF (5 pp, 53K)
  • January 9, 2003: Oil Pollution Prevention and Response; Non-Transportation-Related Onshore and Offshore Facilities; Final Rule and Proposed Rule. 68 FR 1348 HTML | PDF (5 pp, 103K)
  • July 17, 2002: Oil Pollution Prevention and Response; Non-Transportation-Related Onshore and Offshore Facilities; Final Rule. 67 FR 47042 HTML: Part 1, Part 2, Part 3 | PDF: Part 1 (PDF) (50 pp, 316K), Part 2 (PDF) (50 pp, 269K), Part 3 (PDF) (12 pp, 79K)
  • December 11, 1973: Oil Pollution Prevention; Non-Transportation-Related Onshore and Offshore Facilities. 38 FR 34164 PDF (8 pp, 1.6M)

Facility Response Plan (FRP) Rule

  • June 30, 2000: Oil Pollution Prevention and Response; Non-Transportation-Related Facilities; Final Rule. 65 FR 40775 HTML | PDF (43 pp, 614K)
  • October 20, 1997: Oil Pollution Prevention; Non-Transportation Related Onshore Facilities -- Denial of petition requesting amendment of the Facility Response Plan rule. 62 FR 54508 HTML | PDF (37 pp, 330K)
  • July 1, 1994: Oil Pollution Prevention; Non-Transportation-Related Onshore Facilities; Final Rule. 59 FR 3409 HTML

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National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan; 40 CFR 300

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Designation, Reportable Quantities, and Notification; 40 CFR 302

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Reimbursement to Local Governments for Emergency Response to Hazardous Substance Releases; 40 CFR 310

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Emergency Planning and Notification; 40 CFR 355

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Hazardous Chemical Reporting: Community Right-to-Know; 40 CFR 370

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Criteria for State, Local and Regional Oil Removal Contingency Plans; 40 CFR 109

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