Waste Prevention, Recycling, and Composting Options: Lessons from 30 US Communities
You will need Adobe Reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPAs PDF page to learn more.
This report analyzes the actual operating experience of 30 diverse communitiessome with high materials recovery rates, others with model waste reduction initiativesand draws lessons for communities wanting to strengthen their own programs. Most of the data presented in this report come from in-depth case studies of these 30 communities written by the Institute for Local Self-Reliance. The 30 communities range from rural towns of 2,000 people to metropolitan areas approaching 2 million people.
Almost half were chosen because of their high recovery levels, either in the residential, commercial/institutional, or construction and demolition debris sector. The other communities were chosen because of their location, population density, or instructive program characteristics, including public or private collection, segregated or commingled set-out, sorting en route versus sorting at an intermediate processing center, curbside versus drop-off, bottle bill, mandatory or voluntary participation, volume-based or flat refuse collection rates. Communities studied included 4 counties and 26 municipalities.
- Table of Contents (9 pp, 581K)
- Errata Sheet (1 pg, 37K)
- Abbreviations (2 pp, 45K)
- Chapter One: Introduction (4 pp, 93K)
- Chapter Two: Demographics and Materials Generation and Recovery Levels (8 pp, 455K)
- Chapter Three: Waste Prevention Strategies (11 pp, 570K)
- Chapter Four: Comprehensive Source Separation Composting Programs (18 pp, 1.5MB)
- Chapter Five: Improving Residential Recycling Levels (28 pp, 2.1MB)
- Chapter Six: Improving Commercial and Institutional Recovery Levels (17 pp, 1.3MB)
- Chapter Seven: Targeting Construction and Demolition Debris for Recovery (5 pp, 207K)
- Chapter Eight: The Costs of Recycling and Composting (50 pp, 3.2MB)
- Appendix A: Data Definitions and Methodology (4 pp, 73K)
- Appendix B: Community Contacts (8 pp, 125K)
- Appendix C: Waste Generation Calculations (6 pp, 108K)
- Appendix D: Procurement (2 pp, 45K)
- Appendix E: Guelph, Ontarios Wet/Dry Collection System: Results and Projected Costs (4 pp, 78K)