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Fuels and Fuel Additives

RFS Voluntary Quality Assurance Plans

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The Renewable Fuel Standard (RFS) program requires the use of Renewable Identification Numbers (RINs) to demonstrate compliance with the RFS volume obligations. RINs are generated by renewable fuel producers and importers and represent volumes that meet the requirements for renewable fuel under the RFS program. Once RINs have been generated, they can be transferred between parties and used by petroleum refiners and importers (obligated parties) to show compliance with their volume obligations. However, only RINs that were validly generated by the renewable fuel producer may be transferred or used for compliance purposes. Because of this, in some cases parties in the RFS program spend considerable time and effort in evaluating whether RINs were validly generated.

EPA has finalized a voluntary third-party quality assurance program geared towards providing a more structured way to ensure that RINs entering commerce were validly generated. EPA expects the program to promote greater liquidity in the RIN market, especially for smaller producers, helping to make the RFS program more efficient and effective. The program provides a means for ensuring that RINs are properly generated through audits of renewable fuel production conducted by independent third-parties using QAPs, provides an affirmative defense under certain conditions for the transfer or use of invalid RINs that had been verified under an approved QAP, defines the conditions when RINs must be replaced, and provides a process for determining who will replace invalid RINs.

For the interim period only, which runs from February 21, 2013 (the publication date of the notice of proposed rulemaking) through December 31, 2014, we are finalizing both of the proposed QAP program options, QAP A and QAP B. Beginning January 1, 2015, after the interim period is over, the program will consist of a single QAP option, with its associated verified RINs referred to as Q-RINs.

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QAP’s Pre-registered by EPA as of August 1, 2013**

Informal Pre-Registered Pathways List: EcoEngineers
Fuel type Feedstock Production process requirements D-Code QAP Type Production Location
Biodiesel, and renewable diesel Soy bean oil;
Oil from annual covercrops;
Algal oil;
Biogenic waste oils/fats/greases;
Non-food grade corn oil
One of the following:
Trans-Esterification Hydrotreating Excluding processes that co-process renewable biomass and petroleum
4 A,B US, Foreign
Biodiesel Canola oil Trans-Esterification using natural gas or biomass for process energy 4 A,B US, Foreign
Renewable diesel and naphtha The non-cellulosic portions of separated food waste Any 5 A,B US, Foreign
Biogas Landfills, sewage waste treatment plants, manure digesters Any 5 A,B US, Foreign
Ethanol Sugarcane Fermentation 5 A,B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch and/or grandfathered feedstock Grandfathered:
Dry Mill, Natural Gas Fired
6 A,B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch and/or grandfathered feedstock Grandfathered:
Dry Mill, Coal Fired
6 A,B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch and/or grandfathered feedstock Grandfathered:
Dry Mill, Biomass Fired
6 A,B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch and/or grandfathered feedstock Grandfathered:
Wet Mill, Natural Gas Fired
6 A,B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch and/or grandfathered feedstock Grandfathered:
Wet Mill, Coal Fired
6 A,B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch and/or grandfathered feedstock Grandfathered:
Wet Mill, Biomass Fired
6 A,B US, Foreign

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Informal Pre-Registered Pathways List: RINPlus™ by EM Biofuels
Fuel type Feedstock Production process requirements D-Code QAP Type Production Location
Biodiesel, and renewable diesel Soy bean oil;
Oil from annual covercrops;
Algal oil;
Biogenic waste oils/fats/greases;
Non-food grade corn oil
One of the following:
Trans-Esterification Hydrotreating
Excluding processes that co-process renewable biomass and petroleum
4 A,B US
Biodiesel Canola oil Trans-Esterification using natural gas or biomass for process energy 4 A,B US
Ethanol Grain Sorghum All of the following:
Dry mill process, using only biogas from lanfills, waste treatment plants, and/or waste digesters for process energy and for on-site production of all electricity used at the site other than up to 0.15 kWh of electricity from the grid per gallon of ethanol produced, calculated on a per batch basis
5 A,B US
Biodiesel, and renewable diesel Soy bean oil;
Oil from annual covercrops;
Algal oil;
Biogenic waste oils/fats/greases;
Non-food grade corn oil
One of the following:
Trans-Esterification Hydrotreating
Includes only processes that co-process renewable biomass and petroleum
5 A,B US
Ethanol Non-Cellulosic Portions of Separated Food Waste Any 5 A,B US
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and at least two advanced technologies from Table 2 to this section
6 A,B US
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and at least one of the advanced technologies from Table 2 to this section plus drying no more than 65% of the distillers grains with solubles it markets annually
6 A,B US
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and drying no more than 50% of the distillers grains with solubles it markets annually
6 A,B US
Ethanol Corn starch Wet mill process using biomass or biogas for process energy 6 A,B US
Ethanol Starches from crop residue and annual covercrops Fermentation using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy 6 A,B US
Ethanol Grain Sorghum All of the following:
Dry mill process, using biogas from landfills, waste treatment plants, and/or waste digesters, and/or natural gas, for process energy
6 A,B US

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Informal Pre-Registered Pathways List: First Environment
Fuel type Feedstock Production process requirements D-Code QAP Type Production Location
Biodiesel, and renewable diesel Soy bean oil;
Oil from annual covercrops;
Algal oil;
Biogenic waste oils/fats/greases;
Non-food grade corn oil
One of the following:
Trans-Esterification Hydrotreating Excluding processes that co-process renewable biomass and petroleum
4 B US
Biodiesel Canola oil Trans-Esterification using natural gas or biomass for process energy 4 B US
Biogas Landfills, sewage waste treatment plants, manure digesters Any 5 B US
Biodiesel and renewable diesel Soy bean oil;
Oil from annual covercrops;
Algal oil;
Biogenic waste oils/fats/greases;
Non-food grade corn oil
One of the following:
Trans-Esterification
Hydrotreating
Includes only processes that co-process renewable biomass and petroleum
5 B US
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and at least two advanced technologies from §80.1426 Table 2
6 B US

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Informal Pre-Registered Pathways List: Genscape
Fuel type Feedstock Production process requirements D- Code QAP Type Production Location
Biogas Landfills, sewage waste treatment plants, manure digesters Any 5 B US
Ethanol Cellulosic Biomass from crop residue, slash, pre-commercial thinnings, tree residue, annual cover crops; cellulosic components of separated yard waste; cellulosic components of separated food waste; and cellulosic components of separated MSW Any 3 A,B US, Foreign
Cellulosic diesel, jet fuel, and heating oil Cellulosic Biomass from crop residue, slash, pre-commercial thinnings, tree residue, annual cover crops; cellulosic components of separated yard waste; cellulosic components of separated food waste; and cellulosic components of separated MSW Any 7 A,B US, Foreign
Biodiesel, and renewable diesel Soy bean oil;
Oil from annual covercrops;
Algal oil;
Biogenic waste oils/fats/greases;
Non-food grade corn oil
One of the following:
Trans-Esterification
Hydrotreating
Excluding processes that co-process renewable biomass and petroleum
4 A,B US, Foreign
Renewable Diesel Soy bean oil;
Oil from annual covercrops;
Algal oil;
Biogenic waste oils/fats/greases;
Non-food grade corn oil
Triton Process, Dedicated Renewable Biomass Facility; Viesel Process, Dedicated Renewable Biomass Facility 4 A,B US, Foreign
Biodiesel Canola oil Trans-Esterification using natural gas or biomass for process energy 4 A,B US, Foreign
Biodiesel, and renewable diesel Soy bean oil;
Oil from annual covercrops;
Algal oil;
Biogenic waste oils/fats/greases;
Non-food grade corn oil
One of the following:
Trans-Esterification
Hydrotreating
Includes only processes that co-process renewable biomass and petroleum
5 A,B US, Foreign
Renewable diesel, heating oil The non-cellulosic portions of separated food waste Any 5 A,B US, Foreign
Ethanol Grain Sorghum Dry mill process, using only biogas from landfills, waste treatment plants, and/or waste digesters for process energy and for on-site production of all electricity used at the site other than up to 0.15 kWh of electricity from the grid per gallon of ethanol produced, calculated on a per batch basis 5 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and at least two advanced technologies from §80.1426 Table 2
6 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and at least one of the advanced technologies from §80.1426 Table 2 plus drying no more than 65% of the distillers grains with solubles it markets annually
6 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and drying no more than 50% of the distillers grains with solubles it markets annually
6 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch Wet mill process using biomass or biogas for process energy 6 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch Fermentation using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy 6 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Sugarcane Fermentation 5 B US, Foreign

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Informal Pre-Registered Pathways List: RINtrust
Fuel type Feedstock Production process requirements D- Code QAP Type Production Location
Biodiesel, and renewable diesel Soy bean oil;
Oil from annual covercrops;
Algal oil;
Biogenic waste oils/fats/greases;
Non-food grade corn oil
One of the following:
Trans-Esterification
Hydrotreating
Excluding processes that co-process renewable biomass and petroleum
4 A,B US
Biodiesel Canola oil Trans-Esterification using natural gas or biomass for process energy 4 A,B US
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and at least two advanced technologies from §80.1426 Table 2
6 A,B US
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and at least one of the advanced technologies from §80.1426 Table 2 plus drying no more than 65% of the distillers grains with solubles it markets annually
6 A,B US
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and drying no more than 50% of the distillers grains with solubles it markets annually
6 A,B US
Ethanol Corn starch Wet mill process using biomass or biogas for process energy 6 A,B US

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Informal Pre-Registered Pathways List: Weaver and Tidwell, L.L.P. - RIN-tegrity®
Fuel type Feedstock Production process requirements D- Code QAP Type Production Location
Ethanol Cellulosic Biomass from crop residue, slash, pre-commercial thinnings, tree residue, annual cover crops; cellulosic components of separated yard waste; cellulosic components of separated food waste; and cellulosic components of separated MSW Any 3 B US, Foreign
Biodiesel and renewable diesel Soy bean oil;
Oil from annual covercrops;
Algal oil;
Biogenic waste oils/fats/greases;
Non-food grade corn oil
One of the following:
Trans-Esterification
Hydrotreating
Excluding processes that co-process renewable biomass and petroleum
4 B US, Foreign
Biodiesel Canola oil Trans-Esterification using natural gas or biomass for process energy 4 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Grain Sorghum All of the following:
Dry mill process, using only biogas from lanfills, waste treatment plants, and/or waste digesters for process energy and for on-site production of all electricity used at the site other than up to 0.15 kWh of electricity from the grid per gallon of ethanol produced, calculated on a per batch basis
5 B US, Foreign
Biodiesel and renewable diesel Soy bean oil;
Oil from annual covercrops;
Algal oil;
Biogenic waste oils/fats/greases;
Non-food grade corn oil
One of the following:
Trans-Esterification
Hydrotreating
Includes only processes that co-process renewable biomass and petroleum
5 B US, Foreign
Naphtha, Ethanol Non-Cellulosic Portions of Separated Food Waste Any 5 B US, Foreign
Biogas Landfills, sewage waste treatment plants, manure digesters Any 5 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and at least two advanced technologies from §80.1426 Table 2
6 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and at least one of the advanced technologies from §80.1426 Table 2 plus drying no more than 65% of the distillers grains with solubles it markets annually
6 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch All of the following:
Dry mill process, using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy and drying no more than 50% of the distillers grains with solubles it markets annually
6 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Corn starch Wet mill process using biomass or biogas for process energy 6 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Starches from crop residue and annual covercrops Fermentation using natural gas, biomass, or biogas for process energy 6 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Grain Sorghum All of the following:
Dry mill process, using biogas from landfills, waste treatment plants, and/or waste digesters, and/or natural gas, for process energy
6 B US, Foreign
Cellulosic diesel, jet fuel, and heating oil Cellulosic Biomass from crop residue, slash, pre-commercial thinnings, tree residue, annual cover crops; cellulosic components of separated yard waste; cellulosic components of separated food waste; and cellulosic components of separated MSW Any 7 B US, Foreign
Ethanol Sugarcane Fermentation 5 B US, Foreign

**EPA will continue to review pre-registration materials and will update this table as needed with any new pre-registered company information.


Pre-Registration documentation can be submitted to support@epamts-support.com

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