How $6.3 Million LUST Recovery Act Money Is Allocated To Clean Up Sites In Indian Country
EPA implements the underground storage tank program in Indian country.
In 2009, the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) included approximately $200 million of additional funding for EPA’s Leaking Underground Storage Tank (LUST) program. EPA allocated $6.3 million of these funds to EPA cleanup contracts with Alaska Native and Native American firms to address leaking underground storage tanks (USTs) in Indian country. EPA’s regional offices used this additional contract money for site assessments and cleanups at 53 sites in Indian country benefiting 23 tribes.
EPA regional offices that received Recovery Act money for Indian country are listed below, with the approximate amount of LUST Recovery Act money each region used to assess and clean up underground storage tank leaks. (Note: Only EPA regions using LUST Recovery Act money for tribal lands are listed below.)
EPA’s LUST Recovery Act Work In Indian Country
Region 2: $163,000
EPA Region 2 used approximately $163,000 of ARRA money to help assess and clean up a petroleum release from a LUST site on the Onondaga Nation. The work included employing techniques to reduce MTBE in a localized area, monitoring for vapor intrusion into a nearby residence, and conducting annual groundwater monitoring to determine cleanup progress at the site.
Region 5: $332,000
EPA Region 5 used approximately $332,000 of ARRA money to assess and clean up petroleum releases from three LUST sites on the Menominee Indian Reservation of Wisconsin and the White Earth Tribal Nation of Minnesota. The former Boivin Oil Company site on the Menominee Reservation contained 11 USTs which stored various petroleum products. Site work included evaluating the status of a former remediation system and determining the current extent of contamination. This site will require several years of groundwater treatment to protect nearby residents and a trout stream. ARRA money also helped pay for work at two sites on the White Earth Nation (White Earth Grocery and Chief's Place). There was no contamination found during the site assessment at White Earth Grocery and the site has been closed with no further action needed. An initial site assessment was completed with ARRA funds at White Earth Chief's Place. However, this site requires additional investigation which is planned for next year and will be paid for with non- ARRA funds.
Region 6: $202,000
EPA Region 6 used approximately $202,000 of ARRA money to address confirmed releases at four LUST sites: the Paraje Trading Post on the Pueblo Laguna; the old Domingo Trading Post on the Kewa Pueblo (formerly known as the Santo Domingo Pueblo); the J.B. Oil site on the Santa Clara, and the Martinez Service Station Site on the Picuris Pueblo. Region 6 expects that work at all four sites will be completed by the end of 2011.
Region 7: $120,000EPA Region 7 used approximately $120,000 of ARRA money and worked in partnership with the Winnebago Tribe of Nebraska to clean up the former Skelly Gas Station site. This site was abandoned in the 1960s. Work included assessing the site, removing underground storage tanks in conjunction with contaminated soil, and addressing petroleum vapor exposure that affected the tribal courthouse. The remediation activities reduced the risk to human health and the environment from petroleum vapor and soil contamination and improved the neighborhood environment for the nearby elderly community center and boys and girls club. This cleanup created several temporary jobs on the reservation and will facilitate the reuse of this site for commercial purposes.
Region 8: $1,825,000
EPA Region 8 used approximately $1.8 million of ARRA money to help assess and clean up 17 sites benefiting eight tribal communities: Assinboine and Sioux Tribes; Blackfeet Tribe; Cheyenne River Sioux; Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes; Crow Creek Sioux Tribe, Northern Cheyenne Tribe; Ogalala Sioux Tribe; and Standing Rock Sioux Tribe of North and South Dakota. The region completed 10 site assessments and seven remediation activities, resulting in seven cleanups competed. The remedial activities completed on the Crow Creek Reservation reduced the risk to human health and the environment from petroleum vapor and soil contamination and facilitated the reuse of this site for construction of a boys and girls club and office space for non-profit companies.
Region 9: $3,308,000
EPA Region 9 used approximately $3.3 million of ARRA money to expand cleanup efforts at large contaminated sites. This money has helped to assess and/or clean up 25 LUST sites, benefiting the Colorado Indian Tribe; Hopi Tribe of Arizona; Navajo Nation; San Carlos Apache Tribe; and the Yurok Tribe of California. Cleanup work at LUST sites in these tribal communities included site assessment; site characterization; soil sampling; monitoring contamination reduction; installing remediation systems; removing contaminated soil; and closing sites.
Region 10: $330,000
EPA Region 10 used approximately $330,000 of ARRA money to address three LUST sites. Two sites were on the Nez Perce Reservation. Cleanup activities included removing contaminated soil; installing monitoring wells; collecting and analyzing groundwater samples; and preparing a site closure plan. ARRA money was also used to conduct a site assessment at the former Neah Bay Resort on the Makah Indian Reservation.