Reusing Cleaned Up Petroleum Sites
Petroleum brownfield sites are being cleaned up and reused for many different purposes across the U.S. Some old abandoned gas station sites are now the locations for new businesses and new affordable housing. This section provides numerous examples of how petroleum brownfields are being reused and offers ideas for petroleum brownfields reuse.
As much as possible, it is important to consider the reuse of a petroleum brownfield site when planning to clean it up. In several states, the potential reuse of a site can affect the needed cleanup. Petroleum-contaminated sites that are to be cleaned up and reused for residential housing, for example, may require more stringent remediation than for a parking lot where contamination may be encapsulated and paved over.
This section provides success stories for petroleum brownfields organized according to how a site is reused, such as for housing, commercial and business, public, or environmental and recreational reuse. Each success story includes a wealth of information on how the project was conducted, which can help others undertake and complete similar projects.
The publications below provide numerous examples of how petroleum brownfield sites can be reused for housing, businesses, parks, and many other uses. These publications also include information on the redevelopment process and on resources for petroleum brownfields.
Petroleum Brownfields: Selecting A Reuse Option (PDF) (EPA 510-R-09-004). October 2009.
Recycling America's Gas Stations: The Value And Promise Of Revitalizing Petroleum Contaminated Properties
Northeast-Midwest Institute and the National Association of Local Government Environmental Professionals. 2002.
Brownfields State Of The States: An End-of-Session Review Of Initiatives And Program Impacts In The 50 States (PDF) (113 pp, 388K, About PDF)
Northeast-Midwest Institute. 2002. Fifth Edition.
A Primer For Petroleum Brownfields: What Can Your Community Do To Revitalize UST Sites? (PDF) (20 pp, 4.3MB, About PDF)
Northeast-Midwest Institute and National Association of Local Government Environmental Professionals. 2003.
Guide for Identifying and Converting High-Potential Petroleum Brownfield Sites to Alternative Fuel Stations (PDF) (38 pp, 2.6MB, About PDF). Prepared by the U.S. Department of Energy National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) in partnership with EPA for the RE-Powering America's Land Initiative: Siting Renewable Energy on Potentially Contaminated Land and Mine Sites. 2011.
The petroleum brownfield process varies by state. For petroleum brownfields, the state regulatory authority is often the first place to seek information and assistance, and most of them maintain websites with this information.
The EPA Brownfields Program awards grants for petroleum brownfields, and this website contains information on other resources for brownfield projects.
There are numerous examples of how petroleum-contaminated property has been cleaned up and reused for affordable housing, assisted living, public housing, and private residences.
Live-Work Residences: Former Gas Stations Transformed into Vibrant Live-Work Residences (PDF) (1 pg, 53K, About PDF)
Affordable Housing: Gardner-Kilby-Hammond (GKH) Revitalization Project
Housing for Homeless: Coordinating Resources From Two EPA Programs Maximizes Effectiveness (PDF) (3 pp, 162K, About PDF)
EPA-560-F-239. March 2008.
Artists Lofts: Transforming Brownfields Using EPA Petroleum Funding (PDF) (4 pp, 80K, About PDF)
EPA-560-F-06-248. October 2006.
Salt Lake City, UT
Affordable Housing: Engaging Communities in Healthy Living Through Revitalization: Jefferson School Apartments Phase II (PDF) (1 pg, 90K, About PDF)
Duplex: Habitat for Humanity Sees a Former Gas Station as a Perfect Fit for Residential Reuse (PDF) (1 pg, 103K, About PDF)
EPA-560-F-08-304. October 2008.
Planned Community: Prime D.C. Suburban Property Back on the Map
Affordable Housing: Brownfields Success Stories in Washington State (PDF) (2 pp, 228K, About PDF)
(see Rainier Court, bottom of page 1)
Camp Simms Military Reservation
Residential Subdivisions: From Rifles to Residential
Condominiums: D.C.'s Voluntary Cleanup Program Transforms Defunct Land into Fine Living/Retail Space
Commercial And Business Reuse
Petroleum-contaminated properties are being cleaned up and reused for all sorts of businesses large and small. Small businesses find old gas station sites a perfect fit for a new fast food restaurant, bank, or pharmacy. Larger developments have occurred on larger properties or where smaller properties have been combined.
Business Park: Bates Mill
Former Civil War Textile Mill is Given New Economic Life with the Help of $775,000 in Funding from the EPA
Former Mill Complex Redeveloped for Light Industrial Use (PDF) (1 pg, 141K, About PDF)
EPA 500-F-08-294. September 2008.
New Bedford, MA
Industrial Park: Success in EPA-Conducted Targeted Brownfields Assessments
Biotechnology Hub: Roanoke's Industrial Core Gets Economic Transplant As Biotechnology Hub
Local, state, and federal governments have been leaders in the cleanup and reuse of brownfield properties. Because old, abandoned gas stations are found in many communities, governments often find these sites to be excellent locations for new facilities, such as firehouses, police stations, education centers, government services offices, and parking lots.
Gila River Indian Community
Diabetes Center: USTfields Pilot and Brownfields Grants at St. John Mission Site (PDF) (54 pp, 5.4MB, About PDF)
(see page 24)
East Hartford, CT
Educational Facilities: Brownfields Success in New England: Goodwin College Riverfront Campus (PDF) (1 pg, 510K, About PDF)
New Haven, CT
Family Center: "r" Kids Family Center
Community Health Resource Center: Improving Public Health in Brownfields Communities (PDF) (4 pp, 188K, About PDF)
EP-560-F-07-253. January 2008.
Convention Center: A Brownfields Intervention Results in the New Shreveport Convention Center (PDF) (1 pg, 92K, About PDF)
EPA-560-F-07-213. June 2007.
Boys and Girls Club: Gardner-Kilby-Hammond (GKH) Revitalization Project
New Ipswich, NH
Town Offices and Police Station: Seppala and Aho: Success in Assessment Demonstration Pilot Program
Events Center: Reno's New Events Center is a Major Venue for Downtown Entertainment (PDF) (1 pg, 87K, About PDF)
EPA-560-F-06-226. August 2006.
Museum: A Salute to the Armed Forces in Fayetteville (PDF) (2 pp, 347K, About PDF)
EPA 500-F-03-017. May 2003.
Local Government Offices: Transforming Brownfields Using EPA Petroleum Funding (PDF) (4 pp, 80K, About PDF)
EPA-560-F-06-248. October 2006.
Features Houston, TX, Prineville, OR and Signal Hill, CA.
Save The Bay Education Center: Save the Bay Center
Library: Building a Library on Bristol's Blue Grass Roots
Visitors Center: Brownfields Success Stories in Washington State (PDF) (2 pp, 228K, About PDF)
(see Visitors Center, top of page 2)
Environmental And Recreational Reuse
Petroleum-contaminated properties are being cleaned up and reused in ways that both enhance the environment and enrich community living. A cleaned up petroleum site can make a major contribution to cleaner water in rivers and harbors and provide recreational facilities for the local community, as these success stories describe.
New London, CT
Waterfront Boardwalk: Success in EPA-Conducted Targeted Brownfields Assessments
Riverfront Park: Brownfields Success in New England: Occum Park (PDF) (1 pg, 364K, About PDF)
Riverfront Park: Rubber Factory Contaminated Site Becomes an Urban Oasis
Flood Control: Flood Control in Bluefield, Va. Leads to Cleanup and Greenway Development
To learn more about petroleum brownfields, see:
Success Stories, Lessons Learned, And Best Practices
Opportunities For Small Businesses