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2006-2007 Pesticide Market Estimates: Usage

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Sections: 3.1-3.3 | 3.4-3.6 | 3.7-3.8 | 3.9-3.10

3.1  World and U.S. Pesticide Amount Used

World pesticide amount used was approximately 5.2 billion pounds in both 2006 and 2007 (see Table 3.1). Herbicides accounted for the largest portion of total use, followed by other pesticides, insecticides, and fungicides. Total world pesticide amount used increased in 2007. U.S. pesticide amount used in both 2006 and 2007 exceeded 1.1 billion pounds, in proportions similar to those of world pesticide use, with herbicides and other pesticides representing a larger portion of total U.S. pesticide use (see Figure 3.1). U.S. pesticide amount used accounted for 22% of total world pesticide amount used, 25% of world herbicide amount used, 10% of world insecticide amount used, 14% of world fungicide amount used, and more than 25% of other pesticide amount used in both years. The Agency based its estimates of world and U.S. pesticide amount used on the estimated pesticide amount used and estimated changes in pesticide amount used from public and proprietary EPA databases. See Section 5.2 for historical data on U.S. pesticide amount used from 1988 to 2007. Data in this section were developed to compare world with U.S. pesticide use. For a more detailed look at U.S. pesticide use and a further breakout of the “other” pesticide category, see Table 3.3, Table 3.4, and Tables 3.11 through 3.13.

Table 3.1
World and U.S. Amount of Pesticide Active Ingredient Used
By Pesticide Type, 2006 and 2007 Estimates

Year World Market U.S. Market U.S. Percentage of
World Market
Type Mil lbs % Mil lbs %
2006
Herbicides (1) 2,018 39% 498 44%
25%
Insecticides 955 18% 99 9%
10%
Fungicides 519 10% 73 6%
14%
Other (2) 1,705 33% 457 41%
27%
Total 5,197 100% 1,127 100%
22%
2007
Herbicides (1) 2,096 40% 531 47%
25%
Insecticides 892 17% 93 8%
10%
Fungicides 518 10% 70 6%
14%
Other (2) 1,705 33% 439 39%
26%
Total 5,211 100% 1,133 100%
22%

Note: Totals may not add due to rounding. Does not include wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites.

Source: EPA estimates based on Croplife America annual surveys, USDA/NASS, and EPA proprietary data.
(1) “Herbicides” include herbicides and plant growth regulators.
(2) “Other” includes nematicides, fumigants, and other miscellaneous conventional pesticides, and other chemicals used as pesticides such as sulfur, petroleum oil, and sulfuric acid.

Figure 3.1
World and U.S. Pesticide Amounts of Active Ingredient at User Level
By Pesticide Type, 2007 Estimates

Bar Chart: Millions of Pounds by Pesticide Type. (This chart depicts the 2007 estimates as presented in Table 3.1)

3.2  Pesticide Supply in the U.S.: Producer Level

Table 3.2 summarizes the 2006 and 2007 average U.S. distribution of pesticides at the producer level, including the amount of production, imports, exports, and supply (total and net). The pesticide amount related to U.S. pesticide production and consumption comprised 1.2 billion pounds of domestic production, 0.2 billion pounds of imports, 0.3 billion pounds of exports, and 1.1 billion pounds of net supply.

Table 3.2
U.S. Pesticide Production, Imports, Exports, and Supply
in Amount of Active Ingredient at Producer Level
Category Active Ingredient
(Billions of Pounds)
Average of 2006 and 2007
Production
1.2
Imports
0.2
Total Supply
1.4
Exports
0.3
Net Supply
1.1

Note: Excludes wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites. Includes conventional pesticides and other chemicals used as pesticides (e.g., sulfur and petroleum oil).

Source: EPA estimates based on USDA/FAS and EPA proprietary data.

3.3  Pesticide Amount Used in the U.S.: Total

Total pesticide amount used in the United States was approximately 5.1 billion pounds in both 2006 and 2007 (see Table 3.3). These estimates include conventional pesticides, other chemicals used as pesticides, wood preservatives, specialty biocides, and chlorine/hypochlorites. With more than 2.6 billion pounds used, the amount of chlorine/hypochlorites used was greater than for all other pesticide groups combined (see Figure 3.2). The estimates of use by group rely on the estimated amount used and changes in estimated amount used by pesticide group derived from public and proprietary EPA databases. A discussion of the amount used of each pesticide group in 2006 and 2007 appears in subsequent sections (see footnotes to Table 3.3 for locations).

Table 3.3
Amount of Pesticides Used in the United States
By Pesticide Group, 2006 and 2007 Estimates
Pesticide Group Total (Mil lbs)
2006 2007
Conventional Pesticides (1) 821 857
Other Pesticides (2) 306 276
Specialty Biocides (3) 379 389
Chlorine/Hypochlorites Used In Water Treatment (4) 2,609 2,609
Wood Preservatives (5) 985 954
Total 5,100 5,085

(1) See Table 3.4 (conventional pesticides) for additional details and specific source information.
(2) “Other pesticides” include other chemicals used as pesticides (e.g., sulfur and petroleum oil). See Table 3.11 (other pesticides) for additional details and specific source information.
(3) See Table 3.12 (specialty biocides) for additional details and specific source information.
(4) Due to the lack of data on chlorine/hypochlorites use, the estimate is based on the amount reported in the previous report (U.S. EPA, “Pesticide Industry Sales and Usage, 2000 and 2001 Market Estimates,” 2004).
(5) Due to the lack of data available for 2006, the estimate of the amount of wood preservatives used in 2006 is based on data from 2004. See Table 3.13 for additional details and specific source information.

Figure 3.2
Amount of Pesticides Used in the United States
By Pesticide Group, 2007 Estimates
Pie Chart depiciting each pesticide group's percentage of total U.S. usage: Chlorine/Hypochlorites, 52%; Conventional Pesticides, 18%; Wood Preservatives, 16%; Specialty Biocides, 7%; Other Pesticides, 6%.
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