Database resources about environmental effects, environmental fate, health effects, and regulatory information.
On this page:
- Environmental Effects Databases
- Water Databases
- Health Effects Databases
- Regulatory Information Databases
ECOTOX (ECOTOXicology) database provides single chemical toxicity information for aquatic and terrestrial life.
EXTOXNET (EXtension TOXicology NETwork)
The EXtension TOXicology NETwork contains information relating to health and environmental effects, pesticide fact sheets and toxicology information.
The USGS NAWQA database contains monitoring information concerning concentrations of pesticides and other chemicals found in surface and ground waters, bed sediment, and aquatic organisms in sampled streams and wells throughout the United States.
IRIS (Integrated Risk Information System)
IRIS is a database of human health effects that may result from exposure to various substances found in the environment.
NPIRS (National Pesticide Information Retrieval System)
NPIRS is a set of six subscription access online databases offered by the Center for Environmental and Regulatory Information Systems (CERIS) at Purdue University. NPIRS has information on pesticide product labels, pesticide registration support, and residue tolerances, as well as pesticide chemical fact sheets, material safety data sheets, and the daily Federal Register. CERIS members, pesticide manufacturers and users, food processors, libraries, law firms, and state/federal agencies use NPIRS.
PHED (Pesticide Handlers Exposure Database)
PHED is a database containing voluntarily submitted empirical exposure data for workers involved in the handling or application of pesticides in the field; it currently contains data for over 2000 monitored exposure events. The basic assumption underlying the system is that exposure to pesticide handlers can be calculated generically, based on the available empirical data for chemicals, as worker exposure is primarily a function of the formulation type and the handling activities (e.g., packaging type, mixing/loading/application method, and clothing scenario), rather than chemical-specific properties.
The Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry (ATSDR) produces "toxicological profiles" for hazardous substances found at National Priorities List (NPL) sites. These hazardous substances are ranked based on frequency of occurrence at NPL sites, toxicity, and potential for human exposure. Toxicological profiles are developed from a priority list of 275 substances.
TOXNET (Toxicology Data Network)
TOXNET is a group of databases on toxicology, hazardous chemicals, and related areas.
Regulatory Information Databases
For purposes of trade, registration and legislation, and for use in popular and scientific publications, pesticides need names that are short, distinctive, nonproprietary and widely-accepted. Systematic chemical names are rarely short and are not convenient for general use, and so standards bodies assign common names to pesticides. More than 1000 of these names have been assigned by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO).
The Label Review Manual was developed as a training tool and guidance for reviews of pesticide product labels. The goals are to improve the quality of labels and increase the consistency of reviews. The manual describes what a pesticide is and what constitutes a label and labeling and also provides step-by-step instructions for reviewing a pesticide label and how unique issues have been handled in the past.
NPIRS (National Pesticide Information Retrieval System)
Pesticide Data Program - In 1991, the United States Department of Agriculture (USDA) was charged with implementing a program to collect data on pesticide residues in food. The data are used by EPA to support its dietary risk assessment process and pesticide registration process.
PDSL (Pesticide Data Submitters List)
PDSL is a compilation of names and addresses of registrants who wish to be notified and offered compensation for use of their data. It was developed to assist pesticide applicants in fulfilling their obligation as required by sections 3(c)(1)(f) and 3(c)(2)(D) of the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) and 40 CFR Part 152, subpart E regarding ownership of data used to support registration.
PPIS (Pesticide Product Information System)
PPIS contains information concerning all pesticide products registered in the United States. It includes registrant name and address, chemical ingredients, toxicity category, product names, distributor brand names, site/pest uses, pesticidal type, formulation code, and registration status. The PPIS files are in ascii format. Interested parties may access them using a variety of database and spreadsheet software.
PPLS (Pesticide Product Label System)
PPLS is a collection of images of pesticide labels that have been approved by the Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP). The label images are indexed by EPA registration number and the date on which the label was initially registered or amended.
The National Pesticide Information Retrieval System (NPIRS) worked with OPP and the California Department of Pesticide Regulation to develop an interactive database that offers brief registration information on approximately 90,000 products. The data include: product number and name, company number and name, registration date, cancellation date, existing stocks date, and reason (if cancelled), and product manager name and phone number. Also offered are databases containing chemical ingredient information, searchable by common, technical, synonym, CAS number, or trade names, and firm information, searchable by firm number or name.