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Radiation Emergencies
Emergency Response:

Radiological Emergency Planning and Preparedness Regulation

Emergency Preparedness
and Response

EPA's radiological emergency response activities follow two regulations:

The National Oil and Hazardous Substances Pollution Contingency Plan (commonly called the National Contingency Plan or NCP) is the key regulation for the United States' national emergency response system. More detailed information is available on the National Contingency Plan page.

The Commercial Nuclear Power Plants: Emergency Preparedness Planning regulations was originally issued by the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) in 1982. It was revised in 1994. It established the policies, procedures and framework for providing technical assistance to state and local governments to plan and prepare for all types of peacetime radiological emergencies.

The regulation also established two committees to provide coordination of federal assistance; they are not response organizations.

On this page:

Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee

The Federal Radiological Preparedness Coordinating Committee (FRPCC) coordinates federal peacetime emergency planning and preparedness assistance to state and local governments. It also enhances federal response planning and preparedness for such emergencies:

FEMA chairs the FRPCC, which has representatives from the following departments and agencies:

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Regional Assistance Committees

The Regional Assistance Committees (RACs) are also chaired by FEMA and include the following federal agencies:

The RACs help state and local governments develop radiological emergency response plans. They assist in periodically reviewing and updating plans and observe exercises to evaluate plan effectiveness. They also coordinate regional federal response planning and preparedness activities.

Agencies support RACs by learning about federal planning and federal guidance on state and local planning. Individual agencies also learn about their state-level counterparts, which then helps improve preparedness. In addition, they participate in RAC meetings and in evaluating exercises.

Federal agencies are assigned RAC responsibilities on the basis of their mission and expertise. Certain responsibilities are assigned to all federal member agencies:

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EPA's RAC Role

In addition to common responsibilities, agencies have specific RAC responsibilities from their existing authorities, capabilities, and expertise. EPA's specific responsibilities (Section 351.22) include the following:

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