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Radioactive Source Reduction and Management

Promoting the Use of Alternative Technologies

Radiation Source Reduction & Management
 Source Reduction  Source Tracking   Orphan Source Detection
  and Response
 Orphan Source Recovery   Additional Information

EPA identified the major implementation barriers to industry acceptance faced by existing alternative technologies. To be accepted, the technologies must meet several criteria:

EPA's alternative technologies program strategies for fostering alternative technologies included both innovation and education.

Innovation (Promoting New Products or Removing Barriers)

Alternative Technologies

EPA recognizes that the availability of cost-effective and viable technologies must be at the core of this initiative. EPA works with key federal and state partners, manufacturers, industry end-users, standards-setting bodies, and technical consultants in the evaluation, promotion, and demonstration of innovative alternative technologies.

We also use internal experts on alternative technology development to increase the visibility of existing technologies and nurture the development of new technologies. The program’s initial focus has been on fixed gauges, radiography cameras, and well logging devices.

Industry Standards

In some sectors, a barrier to the commercialization of existing innovative technologies is the absence of standards that allow for, or support, the use of alternative technologies. EPA works with its partners to identify needed standards and support their development by the American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), the American Society of Mechanical Engineers (ASME), and other standards-setting bodies.

Uniform Regulations

Sometimes a barrier to implementation of proven alternative technologies is regulatory uncertainty or conflicting regulatory language. EPA works with its partners to evaluate state regulations (e.g., use of x-ray technology in industrial settings in addition to medical settings) and support the development of uniform regulations.

Environmental Management Tools

EPA recognizes that management tools will be needed to assist in the development of alternative products. One such tool would assist manufacturers and end-users better understand the life-cycle issues and impacts associated with the use of gauges using radioactive versus an alternative technology.

Education and Outreach Materials

Alternative, non-nuclear technology devices currently exist. For the program to be successful, potential users must know about the products, and potential technology developers need to know about the opportunities to work with EPA. The life-cycle issues and impacts associated with the use of radioactive versus alternative technologies must be better understood by government, industry, academia and the public.

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