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Beginning October 1, 2015, this website will undergo improvements. During this time, access to some information may not be immediately available. For assistance locating information, please contact the Community Involvement Coordinator listed below in the "Contacts" section of this page. Thank you for your patience as we work to improve your access to site information.
EPA ID: VAD077923449
Selma, VA 24474
Other Names: None
Last Updated: January 2015
The EPA is dedicated to providing you with timely and accurate information about our work at this site. If you have any questions or concerns, please contact: Carrie Deitzel 215-814-5525
On This Page
- On March 1, 2012, the Commonwealth of Virginia took over the long-term responsibility for Operation and Maintenance (O&M) of the site after EPA completed the Remedial Action. The State continues to oversee O&M.
- In 2002, the EPA completed the Record of Decision (ROD) for the Kim-Stan Landfill. The ROD identified the cleanup approach for the site, which was divided into two portions. The first portion, a pipeline to carry leachate to the Allegheny County sewer system, was completed in 2007. The second portion, a leachate collection system, was completed in August of 2009.
- The 24-acre Kim-Stan Landfill is located in Alleghany County, a predominately rural county located in west central Virginia. The landfill is situated in a mixed commercial and residential area of Selma, Virginia.
- The unlined landfill, which has been inactive since 1990, lies along the southern edge of VA Route 696, approximately 1,000 feet south of the Jackson River, and near a string of ponds that drain into the Jackson River.
- The lack of any substantial containment for surface water runoff or leachate was a major problem at the Kim-Stan landfill. During heavy rain, storm water runoff from the landfill drained northward. It frequently flooded the highway on the northern border of the landfill and carried runoff onto the Oakland Church and CSX Railroad properties, the wetlands, and the ox-bow "ponds." Sampling results indicated that hazardous substances from the landfill contaminated the nearby wetlands and the ponds, which the public use as fisheries.
- During the period of 2000-2001, Allegheny County, with the endorsement of EPA and the Virginia Department of Environmental Quality, completed a project to divert clean storm water around the landfill. The diversion has reduced the volume of leachate that is generated.
- The Kim-Stan Landfill operated as a sanitary/industrial landfill for almost 20 years, and reportedly received approximately 865,000 tons of waste between November 1972 and May 1990. The depth of the waste buried at the landfill has been estimated at up to 80 feet thick.
- Wastes known to have been disposed at the landfill include 5,000 gallons of waste oils contaminated with polychlorinated biphenyls; unknown quantities of aluminum sludges containing mercury; asbestos; and medical waste. Test pit data and information collected by local citizens indicate that landfilled wastes were derived from a wide range of sources, including hospitals, light industrial plants, manufacturing plants, automobile repair shops and dry cleaners.
- While the landfill was in operation, the owners/operators undertook several measures to address surface runoff and leachate production. None of the measures taken to contain leachate within the boundary of the landfill was successful.
- Beginning in 1982, a number of organizations, including EPA Region III and the Commonwealth of Virginia, began collecting environmental samples to assess the surface water runoff and leachate problem at the landfill. The sampling results provided evidence that hazardous substances were entering the environment from the landfill. Both ground water and surface water were being contaminated, as a result.
- The landfill was shut down by court order on May 11, 1990. When operations ceased, the active part of the landfill remained uncovered. The thickness of the soil cover over the rest of the landfill generally did not exceed six inches. Although the Commonwealth of Virginia and Allegheny County undertook several measures since 1990 to improve conditions at the landfill, surface runoff and leachate discharge still continued to pose environmental concerns until the Remedial Actions required by the 2002 ROD were implemented.
NPL Listing History
|Status: Final||Added: 1999|
- In June 2000, Alleghany County began a storm water diversion project designed to intercept clean surface water and ground water flowing down from the Rich Patch mountains and convey the clean water around the landfill. The storm water diversion project was successfully completed in 2001.
- Along a parallel path, EPA conducted a Remedial Investigation (RI) to determine the nature and extent of contamination and a Feasibility Study (FS) looking at ways to address the ongoing risks from the site. As part of the RI, samples of air, soil, surface water, sediments, and ground water were collected, and a risk assessment was completed.
- In July 2002, EPA released its Proposed Remedial Action Plan (PRAP or proposed plan) to address the risks presented by the landfill. EPA's proposed plan called for: 1) installation of an impermeable landfill cap to prevent infiltration of rain water through the buried wastes; 2) control of leachate with a collector trench; 3) conveyance of that leachate to the nearby Low-Moor water treatment plant for cleaning; 4) ground water monitoring; and 5) institutional controls to protect the integrity of the constructed remedy and prevent potable use of ground water in the vicinity of the landfill. In addition, the PRAP provides for the upgrade of the water treatment plant so it can efficiently address the increased volume of water from the landfill.
- EPA began the Remedial Action (RA) at this Site, in October 2005. Phase I of the RA included upgrades to the Low-Moor waste water treatment plant that increased capacity by 250,000 gallons. Construction of a dedicated leachate line to bring leachate from the landfill to the wastewater treatment plant was also completed.
- EPA completed all phases of the cleanup in August of 2009. The system is operational.
- A Five-Year Review of the Site was conducted in 2010. It found the remedy to be protective of human health and the environment. The next Five-Year Review will occur in 2015.
- The July 2002 Remedial Investigation (RI) determined that ground water is impacted by vinyl chloride, arsenic, manganese, and thallium. Landfill leachate contains elevated concentrations of antimony, barium, nickel, thallium, manganese, arsenic, and vinyl chloride.
- Contaminant descriptions and associated risk factors are available at the Agency for Toxic Substances and Disease Registry website.
- To search an on-line database of all documents and reports on the Kim-Stan Landfill site, go to EPA’s Administrative Record Database.
- All documents and reports can also be reviewed in person at these locations:
Clifton Forge Public Library
535 Church Street
Clifton Forge, VA 24422
U.S. EPA Region III
1650 Arch Street-6th Floor
Philadelphia, PA 19103
Call for an appointment.
- Some of the site’s key documents of interest are accessible below.
Five-Year Review (PDF) (32 pp, 1.90MB)
Preliminary Close-Out Report (PDF) (9 pp, 38.6K)
- Consent Decree - December 2010 (PDF) (24 pp, 841K)
- Consent Decree - December 2010 (PDF) (24 pp, 841K)
- Submit a FOIA Request
Get instructions on how to submit a FOIA request. $Fee$ for requests over 100 pages.
|Top of landfill cap with liner showing.||Landfill vegetation and tree plantings.||Aerial view of completed cap.|
(Click on a thumbnail to enlarge the photo)
- Federal Register
07/22/1999: National Priorities List for Uncontrolled Hazardous Waste Sites; Final Rule
- Fact Sheets
March 2012 (PDF) (2 pp, 347K)
October 2008 (PDF) (3 pp, 78.6K)
May 2008 (PDF) (2 pp, 53.1K)
April 2006 (PDF) (4 pp, 82.9K)
- Public Notice
10/10/2008 (PDF) (3 pp, 78.6K)
- Press Releases
07/21/1999: Four Mid-Atlantic Hazardous Waste Sites Added and One Site Proposed to Superfund National Priorities List
- EPA awarded a Technical Assistance Grant to a group of local residents who had formed the Kim-Stan Advisory Committee. The committee used the grant funds to hire an advisor to help them monitor the investigation and participate knowledgably in the Superfund process. The committee joined Allegheny County in formally endorsing EPA's proposed plan. In August of 2004, after the ROD was signed, the committee closed out the grant. However, the committee continues to actively monitor site progress.
- No reuse planned at this time.
- Want more information about how to reuse a Superfund site?