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Waste Site Cleanup & Reuse in New England

Baldwinville Residential Properties Superfund Removal Site

Baldwinville Residential Properties Superfund Removal Site

The Baldwinville Residential Properties ("BRP") Site is located in a residential area surrounding the former Temple Stuart Site. The Temple Stuart factory was located on Holman Street in Baldwinville, Town of Templeton, Worcester County, Massachusetts. The BRP Site's approximate central coordinates are north 42 36' 54" latitude, and west 72 04' 33" longitude. The BRP Site is 1/2 mile north of Baldwinville's village center. It includes 67 residential properties along Winchester, Holman, Harris, Edgar, Elm, Chestnut, Pine, Beech, Walnut, Forest, Fisher, Mason and Bridge Streets; Wilson Court; and Winchendon Road.

Discovery of the BRP Site occurred in Spring 2003, when EPA sampled polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) in soil at the adjacent Temple Stuart Site. At the Temple Stuart Site property line, PCB concentrations did not decline below acceptable Massachusetts Department of Environmental Protection (MassDEP) concentrations for residential areas. Further sampling of surrounding residential properties' surface soils revealed more widespread PCB contamination.

EPA continued to sample yards in Summer 2003 (the "Phase 1 SI" (Site Investigation)), confirming that PCB concentrations in surficial soils were elevated in 28 yards sampled. Removal actions at these properties began in August 2004 ("the Phase 1 RA" (Removal Action)). The "Phase 2 SI" performed in 2004 found unacceptable PCB concentrations at 22 of 26 properties investigated. "Phase 2 RAs" at these properties began in April 2005.

Due to the continuing discoveries of contaminated yards, the "Phase 3 SI" was complete in October 2005; of 36 properties sampled, 12 required removal. "Phase 3 RAs" began in April 2006. A final phase of investigation and cleanup began simultaneously ("Phase 4 SIs and RAs"). During Phase 4, 16 properties were investigated, and 7 removal actions completed.

EPA and its contractors finished major operations at the site in November 2006 after completing removal of all necessary PCB-contaminated soil. A final round of tree and lawn restoration on two properties was completed in June 2007, ending field work at the Site. Individual reports for each property were distributed. At the BRP Site, 113 properties were sampled; of these, 67 required cleanup. Two overall SI and RA Reports will soon be complete.

Final waste off site disposal tallies included:

  • 187 tons of PCB-contaminated soil coded "hazardous"
  • 16,666 tons of PCB-contaminated soil coded "non-hazardous"
  • 103 tons of PCB-contaminated debris coded "hazardous", and
  • 415 tons of PCB-contaminated stumps coded "non-hazardous".

EPA and contractor costs as of June 2007 were $10,782,496. The total site budget, or project ceiling, reached $10,520,188. The project remained under budget.

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Clearing of forested area, and excavation of PCB-contaminated soil (Fall 2006)

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Final restoration of excavated areas (Fall 2006)

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Stump removal prior to excavation
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Excavation Spring 2004
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Residential Excavation Fall 2004
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Excavated area awaiting backfill
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Backfill installation on steep slopes
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Wetland Restoration
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Hydroseeding residential property
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Hydroseeding completion on residential property
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Restoration of property vegetation
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Restoration of wooded property
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Segregation of soil and debris before shipping off site
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Loading of soil for off site disposal
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Off site disposal complete

Additional Information

News Releases

Location: Baldwinville, MA
Start date: 08/16/2004
End date: 06/13/2007
Contact: Claudia Deane (deane.claudia@epa.gov)

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