Superfund Redevelopment in Region 4
EPA is working with local governments, communities, and other stakeholders in considering future use opportunities and integrating appropriate reuse options into the cleanup process at Superfund sites whenever possible. Region 4's redevelopment efforts facilitate the productive reuse of formerly contaminated properties. EPA is collaborating with state and local stakeholders to help restore ecological habitats. Most contaminated and formerly contaminated Superfund sites were once productive and can often be restored to productive uses such as:
- recreational facilities, such as golf courses, parks, and ball fields;
- industrial or commercial uses, such as factories and shopping malls;
- ecological resources, such as wildlife preserves and wetlands;
- community infrastructures, such as public works facilities and transportation facilities; and
- where appropriate, residential housing.
Superfund Redevelopment in Region 4
Region 4 supports the reuse and redevelopment of Superfund sites, both removal and remedial and works in partnership with EPA's national Superfund Redevelopment Program. The goal of Region 4's Superfund Redevelopment program is to remove unnecesary obstacles that are preventing, or could potentially prevent, Superfund sites, or portions of these sites, from being productively reused. As part of these activities, Region 4 has developed a range of services, tools, and resources to help facilitate the redevelopment process, including:
- Region 4 Prospective Purchaser Inquiry Service
- Getting Started with Superfund Redevelopment
- Frequent Questions about Legal Issues
- Redevelopment Tools and Resources
- Redevelopment Success Stories
- Defining a Federal Superfund Site
- "How EPA Defines 'Reuse'" and Other Frequent Questions
Region 4's Prospective Purchaser Inquiry (PPI) Service is provided free of charge to prospective purchasers to provide accurate and comprehensive information about Superfund removal and remedial sites. The information provided by EPA helps prospective purchasers to make an informed and timely decision on whether to purchase a particular Superfund site. Learn more about Region 4's PPI Service.
Becoming involved in the redevelopment of a Superfund removal or remedial site requires considerations of a range of issues and challenges. Review key steps to think about before and during redevelopment of a Superfund removal or remedial site.
Understanding environmental cleanup liabilities and protections is an important building block to the reuse and redevelopment of contaminated and formerly contaminated sites. The Superfund law can impose liability on parties who buy Superfund sites, even though the new owner was not responsible for the release of hazardous substances at the site. However, the Brownfield Amendments to the Superfund law provide important liability protections to landowners who meet certain statutory criteria. For example, landowners who qualify as bona fide prospective purchasers, contiguous property owners, or innocent landowners may not be held liable for all cleanup costs under Superfund. It is important that prospective purchasers inform themselves about these liability protections before purchasing a site because some of the statutory criteria must be satisfied prior to purchase in order to provide liability protection. Learn more about legal issues at Superfund sites.
EPA has developed a number of tools and information sources to help communities, governments, developers, and organizations interested in reusing contaminated and formerly contaminated Superfund sites. These tools and information sources are available to help you navigate the process of redeveloping formerly contaminated sites. In addition, many states and other stakeholders have also developed useful materials. Review associated tools and resources.
Superfund Redevelopment success stories highlight the accomplishments that have been realized at Superfund sites across Region 4. New and continued land uses at these sites include commercial, industrial, recreational and ecological uses. Read about successful redevelopments in Region 4.
Federal Superfund removal and remedial sites are properties have been selected either for short term or long term cleanup under the federal Superfund program because they have been contaminated by hazardous substances and identified by EPA as posing a risk to human health and/or the environment. A federal Superfund site should be distinguished from a state Superfund site, a brownfield site, or any other category of contaminated or formerly contaminated property.
A Superfund site may exist within the boundaries of a single lot or it may encompass many lots. Nearly all impacted properties will have associated health, safety, and legal issues. If you are not sure that the site you are interested in is a federal Superfund site you can search EPA's CERCLIS database by location or contact the Superfund Redevelopment Coordinators in Region 4.
Most Superfund sites were once productive. "Reuse" means productive use of a site during or after cleanup. These uses can be industrial or commercial, such as factories and shopping malls; they can be used for housing, public works facilities, transportation, and other community infrastructure; they can be used for recreational facilities, such as golf courses, parks and ball fields; or for ecological resources, such as wildlife preserves and wetlands. View other frequent questions.