Oil Response & Removal
- Border Programs
- Facility Response Plan
- Freshwater Spills Symposia
- Hurricanes Katrina/Rita
- List of Lists
- Local Governments Reimbursement
- National Response System
- NCP Product Schedule
- Natural Disasters
- Risk Management Plan
- SPCC Rule
- Tier2 Submit
- About Chemicals, Hazardous Substances, and Oil
- Response and Clean-up Technologies
Oil spills are a common event that present a significant threat to the environment. EPA takes steps to prevent, prepare for, and respond to oil spills that occur in and around inland waters of the United States and addresses oil spills under the Oil Pollution Act. As a cornerstone of EPA’s strategy to prevent oil spills from reaching the nation’s waters, EPA requires that facilities develop Oil Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Plans. Facilities that store large amounts of oil must have the capability to adequately respond to a spill. Under the Clean Water Act, such facilities must submit Facility Response Plans (FRPs) to respond to a worst-case discharge and the resulting threats to human health or the environment.
EPA’s Oil Program also provides emergency response personnel, oil spill, and SPCC enforcement support. By working cooperatively with industry and other government agencies, EPA seeks to reduce the number, size and impact of oils spills into waterways and environmentally sensitive areas. In Region 4, the Emergency Response and Removal Branch oversees oil-related emergencies.
Oil Spill and Response Information
- Facility Response Plan (FRP) Rule - Certain facilities that store and use oil must submit plans to respond to a worst-case discharge of oil and to a substantial threat of such a discharge. Information about preparing and submitting an FRP can be found on this page.
- National Contingency Plan (NCP) Subpart J - Product Schedule - Provides for a schedule of spill mitigating devices and substances that may be authorized for use on oil discharges. Information on this page includes the Product Schedule, information on how to list a product, and the complete NCP Subpart J rule.
- Reporting Requirements – Oil Spills and Hazardous Substance Releases - Regulated facilities must report discharges of oil or releases of hazardous substances to EPA and/or other federal, state, and local government agencies. Information about reporting requirements, exemptions from these requirements, and where to call in the event of an oil spill can be found on this page.
- Spill Prevention, Control, and Countermeasure (SPCC) Rule - Certain facilities must prepare, amend, and implement SPCC Plans to address the potential for a discharge of oil. Information on this page includes links to select portions of the SPCC rule, recent amendments to the rule, and SPCC Guidance for Regional Inspectors.