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Beulah Landfill


Model airplane facilities at Fritz Field, located on the northern half of Beulah Landfill.

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile

EPA ID: FLD980494660
Location: Pensacola, Escambia County, FL
Lat/Long: 30.513060, -087.345130
Congressional District: 01
NPL Status: Proposed: 06/24/88; Final: 02/21/90; Deleted: 6/22/98
Affected Media: Ground water
Cleanup Status: Deleted from the NPL: Physical cleanup activities have been completed.
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Ground water Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: Yes
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In partial reuse – a model airplane flying field is located on site
Site Manager: Erik Spalvins (spalvins.erik@epa.gov)

Current Site Status

The Beulah Landfill site includes the area where Escambia County operated a landfill from 1950 until 1984. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1990 because of contaminated ground water resulting from landfill operations. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP), the Escambia County Solid Waste Department (Escambia County), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By monitoring surface and ground water, properly closing the landfill, and conducting Five-Year Reviews, FDEP and the site’s PRP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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Site Location and Background

The site is about 101-acres and is located about 10 miles northwest of downtown Pensacola, Florida. Wooded areas surround most of the site. A timber company owns most of the surrounding property. Several rural residences are located next to the southeastern corner of the site and along Jamesville Road.

Escambia County operated the landfill from 1950 to 1984. Prior to the landfill’s closure in 1999, operators ran the site’s northern and southern sections independently. The northern landfill, used from 1950 to 1960, accepted mostly municipal trash. The southern sludge disposal pits began receiving domestic septic tank wastes in 1968 and continued to accept municipal trash, industrial waste, demolition debris and municipal sludges until 1984, when the state ordered a halt to operations at the pits.

In 1990, EPA listed the site on the NPL. In 1998, EPA deleted the site from the NPL.

A local model airplane club uses one portion of the site as a model airplane flying field. The other portion of site remains unused.

View site location map.

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Threats and Contaminants

Investigations found a range of contaminants that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from landfill disposal practices. Contaminants of concern in ground water include pentachlorophenol (PCP). Contaminants of concern in soil and sludges include polynuclear aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), pesticides, PCP and metals, including aluminum, chromium, iron, lead, nickel and zinc.

A human health risk assessment conducted in the early 1990s showed that site contamination does not pose an unacceptable risk to people or the environment. An environmental risk assessment found that actual or threatened releases of hazardous substances from the site did not pose an immediate danger to the environment.

In 1993, the EPA determined that no CERCLA action was necessary to ensure protection of human health or the environment. The EPA understood that the Landfill would be closed by the State of Florida in accordance with the Florida Administrative Code: Chapter 17-701, Solid Waste Management Facilities.

Escambia County is addressing the remaining contaminated groundwater at the site under the state's landfill closure program, administered by the FDEP.

The Northwest Florida Water Management District listed the site and nearby surrounding area as a ground water delineation area, which means all wells placed in the area require the District’s approval. Residences along Jamesville Road connect to the municipal waer supply system.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

Escambia County, the site’s PRP, led site investigation and cleanup activities under the state's landfill closure program, administered by the FDEP. EPA's involvement is limited to Five Year Reviews. Escambia County continues to oversee the site and perform regular ground water monitoring under the state's landfill closure program

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Site Cleanup Plan

In 1993, EPA documented a cleanup approach in a Record of Decision, or ROD for the site that determined no action was necessary under the Superfund Law to ensure protection of human health or the environment. This “no action” approach meant that EPA would not require a Superfund cleanup at the site. However, the cleanup plan explained that Escambia County would close the landfill under the State of Florida landfill closure program, which includes ground water and surface water monitoring.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the ROD and Five-Year Reviews.

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Cleanup Progress

In 1985, Escambia County began landfill closure activities. From 1988 until 1993, the Superfund investigation disrupted closure activities. After EPA issued the site cleanup plan (ROD) in 1993, Escambia County restarted the landfill closure process and completed it in 1999. Closure of the landfill included:

Escambia County started the ground and surface water monitoring program in 1994. Escambia County has continued the monitoring program on a semi-annual basis as a condition of the state-administered landfill closure permit. Escambia County continues to follow landfill closure requirements.

The site’s fourth Five-Year Review, completed in 2013, confirmed that the site does not pose an unacceptable risk to people or the environment.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available in Five-Year Reviews online.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site PRP, Escambia County, to investigate and clean up the site. Escambia County continues to implement monitoring and oversight activities as required by the State Landfill Closure.

RODs and Five-Year Reviews online provide information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA worked with the community and the FDEP to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remained informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts included public notices and information meetings.

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Future Work

Escambia County continues to conduct erosion control activities, grounds maintenance, landfill gas monitoring, repairs, and ground and surface water monitoring.

EPA completed the most recent Five-Year Review in 2013 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2018.

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Additinal Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office

Site Repository

West Florida Genealogy Library
5740 N. Ninth Avenue
Pensacola, FL  32504

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