Brown Wood Preserving
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: FLD980728935
Location: Live Oak, Suwannee County, FL
Lat/Long: 30.302500, -083.013050
Congressional District: 02
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/30/82; Final 09/08/83; Deleted: 09/22/95
Affected Media: Sludge, Soil, Sediments, Ground water
Cleanup Status: Deleted from the NPL
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: Yes
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Not in use
Site Manager: Rusty Kestle (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Current Site Status
A wood treatment facility operated at the Brown Wood Preserving site from 1946 until 1978. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated soil, sediments, sludge and ground water resulting from facility operations. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. Both residents and businesses use the public water system for drinking water. After completing all cleanup activities, EPA deleted the site from the NPL in 1995. The site is not in use; however, there are no restrictions on site use in the future.
The 51-acre site is located two miles west of Live Oak in Suwannee County, Florida. The county-owned site is fenced and overgrown with trees and shrubs. The site is located in a rural agricultural area. A sawmill is located west of the site and a construction company is located east of the site. Land uses in the area include homes, businesses, light industry, a mobile home complex with approximately 450 residents, a private airport and a county storage yard all located within a half-mile of the site.
From 1946 until 1978, several different companies operated a wood treatment facility at the site. Operators used creosote and pentachlorophenol (PCP) in pressure treatment processes and discharged wastewater into an open ditch, where it flowed into a 5-acre unlined pond. A 3-acre uphill lagoon southwest of the site contained 3,000 cubic yards of creosote materials.
In 1983, EPA listed the site on the NPL. Following the completion of all cleanup activities, EPA deleted the site from the NPL in 1995. The site is currently vacant. There are no restrictions on future reuse possibilities for the site.
Site investigations identified contamination in sludge, soil, sediments and ground water that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern included carcinogenic polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) found in the soil and sediments in the disposal lagoon and drainage ditch. Parties treated on site or removed all contamination. Currently, there is no contamination remaining on site that potentially threatens local residents or the environment. Sinkholes and public and private wells are located within two miles of the site; however, contamination did not reach the aquifer used for public drinking water. Contamination also did not impact public or private wells in the area.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
EPA initially led site investigation and cleanup activities, in cooperation with FDEP. Eventually, site PRPs assumed cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 1988, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD). The plan included the following activities:
- Removing lagoon water, treating it as necessary and discharging it to a sewage treatment plant.
- Digging up, treating and disposing of the most severely contaminated soil and sludge off site.
- Breaking down contaminants in remaining soils biologically in a 14-acre treatment area with a liner and an internal drainage and spray irrigation system.
- Covering the biological treatment area with clean soil.
- Monitoring ground water and the biological cleanup system for three years.
Parties have taken several cleanup actions at the site. The site’s PRPs performed initial cleanup actions at the site in 1988. Cleanup actions included:
- Treating and discharging approximately 200,000 gallons of lagoon and pit water into a sewage treatment plant.
- Demolishing, salvaging and removing facilities and equipment on site.
- Digging up and solidifying 15,000 tons of contaminated sludges.
- Backfilling the metal extraction pit.
The site’s PRPs finished the cleanup actions outlined in the ROD in 1989. As part of the cleanup, workers also cleared 6 acres of land, removed an abandoned railroad track, installed a clay liner, built containment berms around the perimeter of the land treatment area, installed a treatment area surface drainage network and run-on drainage swales, shaped the runoff retention road, placed contaminated soil in the treatment and stockpile area, and installed an irrigation system.
After reviewing the results of a sampling event, EPA confirmed completion of the soil cleanup in July 1990.
After the site’s cleanup met all cleanup goals, EPA deleted the site from the NPL in 1995. Currently, there is no contamination remaining on site that potentially threatens local residents or the environment.
Although EPA initially led site investigation and cleanup activities, EPA negotiated legal agreements with site PRPs to investigate and clean up the site.
EPA worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices and information meetings on cleanup progress and activities.
After meeting all site cleanup goals, EPA deleted the site from the NPL in 1995.
Five-Year Reviews are not required for the site.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Suwanee River Regional Library
1848 Ohio Avenue South
Live Oak, FL 32064