Coleman-Evans Wood Preserving
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: FLD991279894
Location: Whitehouse, Duval County, FL
Lat/Long: 30.313880, -081.8427800
Congressional District: 06
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/30/82; Final: 09/08/83
Affected Media: Ground water, Liquid Waste, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction complete: physical cleanup activities have been completed.
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Continued use - industrial
Site Manager: Rusty Kestle (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Current Site Status
The Coleman-Evans Wood Preserving Co. site includes the area where Coleman-Evans Wood Preserving Co. operated a wood preserving facility from 1954 until the mid-1980s. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated soil, sediment and ground water resulting from facility operations. EPA and the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By treating and monitoring ground water, placing an institutional control on the site and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA and FDEP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
The 11-acre site is located in Whitehouse, Duvall County, Florida, approximately eight miles west of downtown Jacksonville. Grass covers the fenced site. A CSX rail line borders the site to the north, residential homes border the site to the south and west, and a low-lying wooded area borders the site to the east. The surrounding area includes neighborhoods with single-family homes.
The site includes the area where a wood preserving facility operated from 1954 to the mid-1980s. Facility operations included treatment of wood products and discharge of wastewater from the treatment process into a drainage ditch. The drainage ditch frequently overflowed and wastewater spread over the ground surface of the site and the residential neighborhood next to the site.
In 1983, EPA listed the site on the NPL. Wood treating operations ended in the mid-1980s and wood sawing and drying operations ended in 1994. Currently, the City of Jacksonville owns and maintains the unused site property.
Site investigations found contamination in ground water, sediment and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from wastewater disposal practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include pentachlorophenol and dioxin.
Contamination affected ground water, sediment and soil on site as well as in the residential area next to the site. Contamination has not affected local drinking water supply wells; a layer of clay that liquid cannot penetrate separates shallow ground water from the deeper drinking water aquifer. In addition, the St. John’s River Water Management District has listed the site as a ground water delineation area, which means all wells placed in the area require the District’s approval.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
EPA leads site investigation and cleanup activities in cooperation with FDEP.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 1986, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. EPA amended the cleanup plan in 1990 and 1997.
In 2001, 2003, 2004 and 2005, EPA issued Explanations of Significant Differences (ESDs) in 2001, 2003, 2004 and 2005 clarifying minor changes in the cleanup approach selected.
In 1997, EPA issued an Amended ROD for the site. The plan included the following activities:
- Digging up on-site and off-site contaminated soil and sediment.
- Treating contaminated soil using thermal desorption.
- Building a pump-and-treat system to address contaminated ground water.
In 2005, EPA issued an ESD to use monitored natural attenuation instead of the pump-and-treat system for remaining ground water contamination.
In 2006, EPA issued a final ROD to address remaining contaminated soil. The plan included the following activities:
- Removing remaining contaminated soil from nearby properties.
- Disposing of the contaminated soil on site
Between 1986 and 1994, EPA conducted several emergency cleanup activities to address immediate threats at the site. These activities included digging up two on-site disposal pits, disposing of dug-up material off site, removing contaminated structures, installing a temporary fence, digging up contaminated soil and sediment in the residential area next to the site, placing the dug-up contaminated soil and sediment on site, and installing permanent fencing and signs. During this time, EPA removed 1,000 pounds of contaminated material.
From 1999 until 2004, EPA treated contaminated soil. EPA installed a wastewater treatment plant to treat ground water and surface water runoff. EPA treated over 210,000 tons of soil and 73.5 million gallons of ground water and storm water, separated and disposed of approximately 320,000 gallons of hazardous liquids, and disposed of 2,000 cubic yards of soil.
EPA completed soil cleanup activities in 2007. EPA reduced ground water contamination levels and continues to treat and monitor ground water. EPA placed an institutional control on the site to prohibit the use of the site for residential purposes.
The site’s third Five-Year Review, completed in 2009, found that the cleanup remained protective of human health and the environment.
Coleman-Evans Wood Preserving Co., the site PRP, refused to be involved in site investigation and cleanup activities. EPA is using federal funds for the site’s cleanup.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities at the site to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and information meetings.
In the early 2000s, EPA supported a reuse planning process led by the City of Jacksonville with local stakeholders. In 2004, EPA hosted a celebration marking the completion of the first phase of the site’s cleanup. In late 2007, EPA hosted an open house to mark the completion of the cleanup of remaining contaminated soil and to provide an opportunity for residents to tour the site and ask questions.
EPA continues to monitor ground water at the site.
EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2009 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2014.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Whitehouse Elementary School
1160 General Ave.
Whitehouse, FL 32220