Escambia Wood - Pensacola
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: FLD008168346
Location: Pensacola, Escambia County, FL
Lat/Long: 30.455300, -87.231700
Congressional District: 01
NPL Status: Proposed: 08/23/1994; Final: 12/16/1994
Affected Media: Soil, Ground water
Cleanup Status: construction activities are complete
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Ground water Migration Under Control: No
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: None
Site Manager: Erik Spalvins (email@example.com)
Current Site Status
The Escambia Wood (Pensacola) site includes an area where the Escambia Wood Treating Company manufactured treated wood products from 1942 until 1982. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1994 because of contaminated soil and ground water resulting from facility operations. EPA and the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By cleaning up and monitoring the site and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA and FDEP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
Site Location and Background
The 95-acre site is located at 3910 North Palafox Street in Pensacola, Escambia County, Florida. The site includes 26 acres where the Escambia Wood Treating Company operated and 69 acres of surrounding former residential areas. Former residential areas are located north, west and south of the site. EPA has demolished all residences in areas affected by site contamination, with the exception of one residential property. Commercial and industrial land uses border the site to the north, west and south. Railroad tracks border the site to the east. The Agrico Superfund site is located southeast of the site.
From 1942 until 1982, the Escambia Wood Treating Company manufactured treated wood products at the site. The company’s facility treated utility poles, foundation pilings and lumber with creosote and pentachlorophenol (PCP). Operations generated wastewater that was stored on site in impoundments. In 1991, the company filed for bankruptcy and abandoned the facility. In 1994, EPA listed the site on the NPL.
Site investigations found contamination in soil and ground water that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include creosote, PCP, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), naphthalene and dioxin.
EPA has cleaned up soil contamination in the former facility area and former residential areas.
Ground water contamination remains on site and off site. People do not use wells in the contaminated area as a drinking water source. EPA continues to sample and monitor ground water.
In addition, the Northwest Florida Water Management District has listed the site and nearby surrounding area as a ground water delineation area, which means all wells placed in the area require the District’s approval.
EPA considered children’s health issues as part of the site’s risk assessment.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
EPA leads site investigation and cleanup activities in cooperation with FDEP.
Site Cleanup Plan
Site investigations and cleanup activities have focused on two areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: contaminated soil; and OU-2: contaminated ground water.
In 1997, EPA issued an interim cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for OU-1. The plan included the following activities:
- Permanently relocating 358 households from the on-site residential areas of Rosewood Terrace subdivision, the Oak Park subdivision, the Escambia Arms Apartments and the Goulding subdivision.
- Demolishing the homes in residential areas on site.
- Placing institutional controls on the site to restrict future land uses to commercial and industrial uses.
In 2006, EPA issued the final cleanup plan (a ROD) for OU-1. The plan included the following activities:
- Permanently relocating households from the Clarinda Triangle neighborhood.
- Digging up contaminated soil in the former facility area and the former residential areas.
- Placing the dug-up soil in a lined cell and installing a multi-layer cap over the cell.
- Solidifying and stabilizing source contamination to form a sub-cap beneath the multi-layer cap.
- Conducting operation and maintenance activities for the cap and containment system.
- Monitoring the containment system.
- Placing institutional controls on the site to restrict future land use to industrial and commercial uses.
- Conducting Five-Year Reviews to make sure the cleanup protects people and the environment.
In 2008, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a ROD) for OU-2. The plan included the following activities:
- Installing vertical and horizontal injection and extraction wells.
- Treating contamination in source plume areas on site using chemical and bacterial methods designed to break down contaminants in soil and ground water.
- Treating contamination in high-level plume areas with bacterial methods designed to break down contaminants in soil and ground water.
- Using monitored natural attenuation in dilute plume areas.
- Performing operation and maintenance activities.
- Placing institutional controls on the site to restrict ground water use.
From 1991 to 1992, EPA dug up 225,000 cubic yards of contaminated material and placed it under a cover on site.
EPA began work on the interim remedy in 1997, relocating 358 households as part of a National Relocation Pilot Project. The government acquired 158 single-family homes, a 200-unit apartment complex and 11 vacant residential lots, successfully relocating over 500 people to comparable replacement housing. EPA completed demolition of the properties and disposal of associated waste materials in 2005. In 2006, EPA identified an additional 46 households affected by contamination. From 2006 until 2009, EPA permanently relocated these households.
EPA began cleanup activities at the site in 2007. The Agency dug up, stockpiled and placed contaminated soil and debris in a 550,000-cubic-yard containment cell. EPA also installed a drainage system above the containment cell. During cleanup activities, EPA conducted air monitoring, dust control and site restoration to minimize additional effects on the surrounding community. By 2010, EPA had completed most major cleanup activities for OU-1.
EPA selected cleanup activities for OU-2 in 2008. The Agency identified a dense non-aqueous phase liquid source that will require additional cleanup and an amendment to the OU-2 cleanup plan (the ROD). EPA plans to complete the ROD Amendment in 2012.
The site’s third Five-Year Review, completed in 2012, found that the cleanup for OU-1 continues to protect people and the environment in the short term. The Five-Year Review recommended the placement of institutional controls on the site for the cleanup to remain protective over the long term.
Summaries of cleanup activities are also available in Five-Year Reviews online.
In 1991, Escambia Wood Treating Company filed for bankruptcy and abandoned its facility on site. The company defaulted on its environmental liabilities and the U.S. Department of Justice pursued a settlement with the owners. The Department reached a final settlement with the owners in 2002.
EPA used federal funds for site cleanup activities. The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act (ARRA) provided $3.5 million to EPA for the cleanup. EPA continues to fund site cleanup activities.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included fact sheets, public notices, interviews and information meetings.
In 1999, EPA entered into a cooperative agreement with the Escambia County Community Redevelopment Agency to identify the community’s potential future land use plans for the site. EPA took the community’s conceptual redevelopment plan for the site into account as part of the remedial investigation/feasibility study for OU-1. EPA completed the cleanup design for OU-1 in collaboration with the community.
EPA also provided the community with two Technical Assistance Grants (TAGs) to support technical advisors for OU-1 cleanup activities.
EPA is working to complete closeout items for the OU-1 cleanup and place institutional controls on the site property.
Planning for the OU-2 cleanup is ongoing. EPA plans to complete the ROD Amendment for OU-2 in 2012.
EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2012 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2017.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
West Florida Regional Library
200 West Gregory St.
Pensacola, FL 32501