Hipps Road Landfill
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: FLD980709802
Location: Jacksonville Heights, Duval County, FL
Lat/Long: 30.216930, -081.805560
Congressional District: 07
NPL Status: Proposed: 09/08/83; Final: 09/21/84
Affected Media: Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete – physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: Yes
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In reuse – ecological land uses are located on site
Site Manager: Scott Miller (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Current Site Status
The Hipps Road Landfill site includes the area where Waste Control of Florida (WCF) operated a waste management facility from the mid-1960s until 1970. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1984 because of contaminated soil and ground water resulting from improper landfill closure. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP), and WCF and the U.S. Navy, the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. A water line connects residences and businesses near the site to the public water supply. By monitoring ground water and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
The 12-acre site is located on the southeastern corner of Hipps Road and Exline Road in Jacksonville Heights, a suburb of Jacksonville, Florida. Site features include a mound over the landfill area and a basin for storm water retention. Single-family homes and mobile homes border the site. A large subdivision is located a quarter-mile west of the site.
The site includes a 6-acre swamp area where WCF operated a landfill. The U.S. Navy and other sources disposed of materials at the landfill. In 1970, landfill operations ended and WCF covered the area with a thin layer of soil and subdivided the property into residential lots. In the early 1980s, residents complained about unusual tastes and odors in private well water and EPA identified contamination in the ground water.
In 1984, EPA listed the site on the NPL. The site is currently in ecological reuse as a wildlife habitat area.
Site investigations found contamination in ground water and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include vinyl chloride, benzene and other volatile organic compounds.
The City of Jacksonville installed city water lines in the area affected by ground water contamination in October 1983, connecting area residents to the public water supply. In addition, the St. John’s River Water Management District has listed the site and nearby surrounding area as a ground water delineation area, which means all wells placed in the area require the District’s approval.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
WCF and the U.S. Navy, the site’s PRPs, lead site investigation and cleanup activities with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 1986, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:
- Closing and capping the landfill.
- Removing and treating contaminated ground water at the local water treatment plant.
- Monitoring ground water.
- Maintaining the ground water recovery system.
- Maintaining the landfill cap.
- Placing institutional controls on the site property.
- Placing a fence around the site.
- Prohibiting the construction of wells in the contaminated area.
In 1990, EPA amended the 1986 ROD to provide for on-site ground water treatment and disposal.
In 1994, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) to change the method used to abandon private wells affected by contaminated ground water.
In 1996, EPA issued a second ESD to allow treatment of ground water at the local water treatment plant instead of treating and disposing of site ground water on site.
In 2004, EPA issued a third ESD to change ground water treatment from the existing system to monitored natural attenuation.
In 1988, the site’s PRPs acquired five homes located on the landfill and removed the structures from the site. In 1989, the PRPs placed a clay cap system over the landfill and installed a fence around the site. PRPs also constructed a perimeter ditch within the fenced area to retain runoff from the landfill cap. The PRPs completed the closure of the landfill in 1990.
In 1994, the site’s PRPs constructed the ground water treatment system specified in the 1986 ROD and began treating ground water at the site. In 1996, the PRPs installed a pipeline to connect the on-site ground water treatment system to the local water treatment plant. In 1999, EPA and the PRPs conducted a study to determine if MNA would be effective at the site. In 2004, the PRP began monitored natural attenuation.
The site’s fourth Five-Year Review, completed in 2010, found that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment. The site has attained all cleanup goals in the ROD and qualifies for deletion from the NPL.
In 2011, the site became the 500th Superfund site to meet the Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use Measure.
EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRPs to investigate and clean up the site. The PRPs continue to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices and public meetings.
WMC is required to continue existing monitoring of the well network and conduct periodic sampling to monitor the concentration of benzene and vinyl chloride in the ground water.
The next FYR for the site is scheduled for 2015. The Site was deleted from the NPL in December 2012 since it had attained all cleanup standards set out in the Record of Decision.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Jacksonville Public Library
6886 103rd Street
Jacksonville, FL 32210