Landia Chemical Company
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: FLD042110841
Location: Lakeland, Polk County, FL
Lat/Long: 28.039440, -081.979160
Congressional District: 12
NPL Status: Proposed: 02/04/00; Final: 05/11/00
Affected Media: Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Physical cleanup activities have started
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In reuse – industrial land uses (warehouses) are located on site
Site Manager: Bill Denman (email@example.com)
Current Site Status
The Landia Chemical Company site includes two properties used for industrial operations beginning in the 1930s and 1940s. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 2000 because of contaminated soil, ground water and sediment resulting from past facility operations. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. Both residents and businesses use the public water system for drinking water. By cleaning up the site and monitoring ground water, EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
The 13-acre site is located in Lakeland, Florida. The site includes two property parcels, the former Landia Chemical Company (LCC) property and the former Florida Favorite Fertilizer (FFF), located at 1405 and 1607 Olive Street, respectively. The site includes buildings, paved and gravel areas, and grassy areas. The site’s surroundings include industrial and commercial land uses to the north, east and west. The site borders a CSX railroad right of way to the north. Residential areas are located south of the site; these areas include low-income and minority residents.
Three different companies conducted pesticide blending and formulating operations on the former LCC property from 1945 until 1987: Standard Spray and Chemical (1945-1976), Agrico Chemical Company (1976-1977) and Landia Chemical Company (1977-1987). These operations released pesticides, metals and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) into the environment. Chain-link fencing and locked gates restrict access to the former LCC property, which is currently not in use. Following cleanup of the property, it will be able to support commercial and industrial land uses in the future.
The FFF Company began fertilizer blending operations on its property around 1935. In 1992, the company transferred its property for a limited partnership interest in PCS Joint Ventures, Inc (PCS JV). In 2006, PCS JV sold the former FFF property to another company. The current owner continues to operate a fertilizer blending facility on the property.
In 2000, EPA listed the site on the NPL.
Site investigations identified contamination in soil, ground water and sediment that could potentially harm people in the area. The contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern identified include various pesticides, metals, semi-volatile organic compounds (SVOCs) and volatile organic compounds (VOCs).
PRPs removed most of the contaminated soil and sediment considered a significant threat to people living near the site in 1983 and 2000. PRPs removed additional soil in mid-2011.
Since residents in the area receive their drinking water from the City of Lakeland’s public water supply system, no one encounters ground water contamination. However, federal and state law requires that all potential sources of drinking water meet drinking water standards. In addition, the Southwest Florida Water Management District has listed the site and nearby surrounding area as a ground water delineation area, which means all wells placed in the area require the District’s approval
In the ground water delineation area map, Zone A indicates how far ground water contamination has spread from the site. Zone B illustrates the area where ground water contamination could possibly spread. Well construction requirements overseen by the Southwest Florida Water Management District are in place for Zones A and B.
EPA oversaw sampling conducted along a drainage ditch that runs through the backyards of homes located near the site – areas where children could play. PRPs removed contaminated sediment in the first part of the ditch. EPA did not identify additional contamination in other parts of the ditch.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
PRPs lead site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP.
Site Cleanup Plan
Site investigations and cleanup activities have focused on two areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: soil contamination; and OU-2: ground water contamination.
In 2007, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The cleanup plan included a final cleanup action for OU-1 and an interim cleanup action for OU-2. The plan included the following activities:
- Digging up and off-site disposal of contaminated soil.
- Using either chemicals or living organisms to break down contaminants in ground water.
- Developing a performance monitoring plan to evaluate the effectiveness of the soil cleanup approach.
- Institutional controls to make sure future uses at the site remain commercial and industrial, to restrict the use of contaminated ground water, and to ensure the maintenance of engineering barriers (e.g., fencing).
EPA will issue a final site cleanup plan in a second ROD to address contaminated ground water after the PRPs complete the OU-1 soil cleanup and interim OU-2 ground water cleanup actions.
Site PRPs have conducted numerous on-site and off-site environmental assessments and cleanup actions at the site. In 1983, Landia Chemical Company, one of the site’s PRPs, removed over 146 tons of impacted sediments from the first 1,000 feet of the Wayman Street Ditch.
In 1992, Central Pipeline Florida, another site PRP, initiated a removal action on the former FFF property after a rupture of an underground pipeline on the property. The PRP removed approximately 4,500 gallons of petroleum product and 10 cubic yards of soil.
In 2001, EPA oversaw a time-critical removal action on the former LCC property, the eastern portion of the former FFF property, and the initial 600 feet of the Wayman Street Ditch. PRPs removed approximately 4,250 tons of soil from the site and approximately 510 tons of soil and sediment from a property south of Olive Street and the first 600 feet of the Wayman Street Ditch. This action addressed immediate health threats to people living near the site.
Site PRPs completed the design of the cleanup approach in 2010. Cleanup officially began in February 2011. PRPs began digging up contaminated site soil in March 2011. PRPs dug up all soil that did not meet cleanup goals and disposed of the soil in an approved off-site landfill. PRPs placed crushed limestone into some of the dug-up areas to make remaining soil less acidic. PRPs then filled in these areas with clean soil and either capped the soil with impermeable material, such as clay, or planted trees and other vegetation to prevent the infiltration of stormwater and to control ground water movement. The PRPs completed these activities in July 2011. The site will have institutional controls to make sure future site uses are restricted to commercial or industrial land uses.
EPA negotiated legal agreements with site PRPs to investigate and clean up the site. The PRPs continue to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included site fact sheets, public notices and information meetings and open houses.
Community interest in this site is high. Over 80 people attended EPA’s July 2007 meeting to discuss the Proposed Plan (issued prior to the ROD) for the site’s cleanup. EPA most recently held a public meeting in February 2011 to announce the beginning of the site’s cleanup. EPA holds community meetings at the nearby Lakeland Center.
Design of the cleanup approach for contaminated site ground water is ongoing.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office
Lakeland Public Library
100 Lake Morton Drive
Lakeland, FL 33801