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Normandy Park Apartments

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Courtyard near pool at the Normandy Park Apartments
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Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: FLD984229773
Location: Temple Terrace, Hillsborough County, FL
Lat/Long: 28.049440, -082.394720
Congressional District: 11
NPL Status: Proposed: 01/13/95
Affected Media: Ground water, soil
Cleanup Status: Soil contamination has been addressed. Cleanup of ground water is underway
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Ground water Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In use as a residential apartment complex
Site Manager: Bill Denman (denman.bill@epa.gov)


Current Site Status

The Normandy Park Apartments site includes the area where Gulf Coast Recycling operated a battery recycling and secondary lead extraction facility between 1953 and 1963. EPA proposed the site for listing on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1995. EPA decided not to list the site on the NPL following extensive cooperation from Gulf Coast Recycling. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP) – formerly Gulf Coast Recycling and now Envirofocus, have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. Residents and businesses use the public water supply for drinking water. By monitoring ground water and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

Site Location and Background

The 9-acre site is located at 11110 North 56th Street in a commercial area of Temple Terrace, Florida, approximately five miles northwest of Tampa. Low-income residents, including children, live in the complex. Apartment structures, swimming pools, tennis courts, paved parking and roadways cover most of the site. Grass, mulch or tree plazas cover remaining areas of the site.

Gulf Coast Recycling operated a battery recycling and secondary lead smelting facility on the site between 1953 and 1963. At the facility, the company chopped off or cracked open the tops of used lead batteries. Gulf Coast Recycling separated and processed lead plates for recycling and disposed of battery casings, then used intensive heat to extract lead from the lead plates. The process resulted in the release of sulfuric acid and lead into the environment.

Gulf Coast Recycling built a 144-unit apartment complex on the site in 1970. It currently remains in use. Envirofocus acquired Gulf Coast Recycling and is now responsible for operation and maintenance activities at the site.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations identified contamination in soil and ground water that could potentially harm people in the area. Soil and ground water contamination resulted from past waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern identified include lead and antimony.

The PRP dug up and removed contaminated soils and covered soil around trees with a protective layer of mulch. The cleanup allows for commercial, industrial and residential uses at the site.

A restrictive covenant placed on the property requires the submittal of plans to EPA and FDEP and approval by the agencies before the property owner (currently Envirofocus, formerly Gulf Coast Recycling) can remove paved areas or buildings. All plans must include measures to address soil underneath the buildings and paved areas.

Contaminated ground water remains beneath the site. The PRP tests monitoring wells regularly to make sure contaminated ground water is not spreading beyond the site boundary. There are no known private water supply wells used as a drinking water source near the site. Businesses and residents use the public water system for drinking water and therefore do not encounter contaminated ground water.

The Southwest Florida Water Management District has listed the site as a ground water delineation area, which means all wells placed in the area require the District’s approval.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

Site PRP EnviroFocus (formerly Gulf Coast Recycling) leads site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP.

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Site Cleanup Plan

In 2000, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the ROD and Five-Year Reviews.

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Cleanup Progress

To address immediate concerns, the site PRP, Gulf Coast Recycling, placed two concrete caps over contaminated soil in the northern portion of the apartment complex in 1992 and built a wooden deck over contaminated soil in the complex’s southern courtyard in 1995.

Gulf Coast Recycling began additional cleanup activities at the site soon after EPA issued the ROD and completed the majority of the work in 2001. The company dug up soil around the apartment complex to a depth of two feet, replaced the soil with clean dirt and planted sod at ground level. Gulf Coast Recycling tested and treated excavated soil as necessary and sent the soil to an appropriate off-site disposal facility. The company also placed tree plazas and thick mulch around the trees on site.

After completing soil cleanup activities, Gulf Coast Recycling and then Envirofocus monitored the natural attenuation of ground water contaminants over time. Envirofocus conducts regular sampling twice annually.

The site’s second Five-Year Review, completed in 2011, found that the site’s cleanup approach continues to protect people and the environment from remaining site contamination. However, in order for the cleanup approach to be protective over the long-term, additional steps are needed.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site PRP to investigate and clean up the site. The PRP – now Envirofocus, formerly Gulf Coast Recycling – continues to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.

The ROD and Five-Year Review provide additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings. During cleanup activities, EPA held public meetings regularly at the apartment complex. In addition, Gulf Coast Recycling (now EnviroFocus) provided regular, EPA-approved updates for the apartment newsletter.

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Future Work

Periodic ground water sampling will continue twice per year until ground water contamination levels meet cleanup goals.

EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2011 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2016.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Temple Terrace Public Library
202 Bullard Parkway
Temple Terrace, Florida  33617

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