Picketville Road Landfill
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: FLD980556351
Location: Jacksonville, Duval County, FL
Lat/Long: 30.368610, -081.738880
Congressional District: 06
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/30/82; Final: 09/08/83
Affected Media: Debris, Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete - Physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: Yes
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Site is not in use – potential for industrial or commercial reuse
Site Manager: Scott M. Martin (Martin.Scott@epa.gov)
Current Site Status
The Pickettville Road Landfill site includes the area where the City of Jacksonville operated a waste disposal facility from the 1940s until 1977. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated ground water and soil resulting from facility operations. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and Pickettville Road Landfill Superfund Site Group, the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. A water line connects residences and businesses to the public water supply. By monitoring ground water, placing institutional controls on the site property and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
The 52-acre site is located in Jacksonville, Duval County, Florida. The site includes a capped landfill area. Pickettville Road borders the site to the north and northwest, Little Six-Mile Creek borders the site to the east and southeast, and rural and residential properties border the site to the south and west. Site surroundings include industrial and residential land uses. In addition to the site, EPA’s Superfund program is addressing three additional areas in the City of Jacksonville: the Jacksonville Ash, Kerr McGee, and Brown's Dump sites.
From the 1940s to the 1960s, a borrow pit for sand and a waste disposal facility operated at the site. In 1968, the City of Jacksonville began leasing the property for landfill operations, including the disposal of municipal and industrial wastes. In 1971, the landfill no longer accepted municipal waste and accepted hazardous wastes only. After inspections of the landfill, all waste disposal operations ended and the City of Jacksonville closed the landfill in 1977.
In 1983, EPA listed the site on the NPL. The City of Jacksonville remains the owner of the site. The site is not currently in use.
Site investigations found contamination in soil and ground water that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include volatile organic compounds (VOCs) and arsenic.
The contamination threatened local drinking water sources and two nearby creeks that receive site runoff and discharge from the affected aquifer. In addition, the St. John’s River Water Management District has listed the site and nearby surrounding area as a ground water delineation area, which means all wells placed in the area require the District’s approval.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
The Pickettville Road Landfill Superfund Site Group, the site’s PRPs, led site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 1990, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:
- Placing institutional controls restricting future uses of the site.
- Installing a cap over the landfill.
- Installing a fence around the site.
- Implementing a long-term ground water monitoring program.
- Extending the public water system to nearby residents.
- Closing wells located north of the site.
- Restoring Little Six-Mile Creek.
In 1996, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences (ESD) to allow for use of a geosynthetic clay liner instead of a clay barrier layer for the landfill cover.
In 1992, the site’s PRPs constructed a fence around the site and extended the public water supply to residences and businesses. In 1993, the PRPs plugged and abandoned seven private water wells. By 2010, the project’s water line connected 10 property owners to the public water supply.
In 1993, EPA placed institutional controls in the form of deed restrictions on the site property. Between 1993 and 1997, the site’s PRPs conducted cleanup activities, including construction of the landfill cover, restoration of Little Six-Mile Creek, implementation of a ground water monitoring system and long-term operation and maintenance activities.
In 1997, EPA and FDEP selected monitored natural attenuation to address ground water contamination.
The site’s third Five-Year Review, completed in 2011, found that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment.
EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRPs to investigate and clean up the site. The PRPs continue to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, meetings, interviews and updates.
The site’s PRPs continue to conduct ground water monitoring twice annually.
EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2011 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2016.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Highlands Branch Public Library
1826 Dunn Avenue
Jacksonville, FL 32218