Sapp Battery Salvage
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: FLD980602882
Location: Cottondale, Jackson County, FL
Lat/Long: 30.728330, -085.392500
Congressional District: 02
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/30/82; Final: 09/08/83
Affected Media: Air, Ground water, Sediment, Soil, and Surface Water
Cleanup Status: Construction Underway - Physical cleanup activities have started
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Insufficient data
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Site is not in use – potential for future recreational/ecological use
Site Manager: Erik Spalvins (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Current Site Status
The Sapp Battery Salvage site includes the area where Sapp Battery Company operated a battery recycling facility from the early 1970s until 1980. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because of contaminated ground water, surface water, soil and sediment resulting from facility operations. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the Sapp Battery Group, the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By monitoring ground water and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
The 45-acre site is located five miles south of Cottondale and two miles north of Alford, near the intersection of State Route 231 and County Road 280 (Corbin Road) in Jackson County, Florida. The site is fenced and vacant. Rural residential properties border the site to the north and west. The Atlanta and St. Andrews Bay rail line borders the site to the east and Corbin Road borders the site to the south. Site surroundings include forested areas, wetlands and agricultural land uses.
From the early 1970s until 1980, a battery recycling facility operated at the site. Recycling operations included opening lead-acid batteries, removing the lead for recycling and discharging battery acid and plastic battery casings into an on-site pond and surrounding swamps and wetlands. In 1983, EPA listed the site on the NPL. The site is not currently in use.
Site investigations found contamination in ground water, surface water, soil and sediment that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from facility operations. Contaminants of concern include lead. At present, the soil, surface water and sediment cleanups are complete and the threats to human health and the environment are under control. The threat of groundwater exposure is under control because of site restrictions and groundwater use restrictions.
Ground water contamination affected the Floridan Aquifer, which is the primary drinking water source for nearby residents. The Northwest Florida Water Management District has listed the site and nearby surrounding area as a ground water delineation area, which means all wells placed in the area require the District’s approval.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
The Sapp Battery Group, the site’s PRPs, lead soil investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP. EPA leads investigation and cleanup activities of contaminated sediments in nearby swamps and wetlands as well as ground water investigation and cleanup activities in cooperation with FDEP.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 1986, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:
- Digging up contaminated soil and sediment.
- Solidifying and stabilizing the contaminated soil and sediment.
- Disposing of the solidified soils and sediments in an on-site landfill.
- Implementing a pump-and-treat system to address contamination in ground water and surface water from the on-site swamp and the off-site Steele City Bay area.
- Monitoring wells within a one-mile radius of the site.
- Monitoring and maintaining the on-site landfill
After issuing the ROD, EPA focused site investigations and cleanup activities on three areas, which EPA refers to as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: soil and source area contamination; OU-2: ground water contamination; and OU-3: contaminated sediments in nearby swamps and wetlands.
Between 1996 and 2007, EPA issued five Explanations of Significant Differences (ESDs) to change the cleanup activities. The ESDs included the following changes:
- The 1996 ESD adjusted cleanup levels for lead.
- The 1998 ESD required the placement of the contaminated soils and sediments into a solid structure formed by mixing stabilized contaminants with cement instead of an on-site landfill.
- The 1998 ESD changed the layout of the placement area for the stabilized contaminants and cement.
- The 1999 ESD allowed for the off-site transport of plastic battery casings instead of on-site treatment.
- The 2000 ESD allowed for off-site disposal of plastic battery casings instead of recycling.
- The 2007 ESD allowed for off-site disposal of solidified sediments from the wetlands area and Steele City Bay.
- The 2007 ESD excluded "Wetland Area E" sediments from the lead cleanup activities.
In 2011, EPA issued a ROD Amendment, which selected the final cleanup plan for site ground water contamination.
EPA conducted emergency short-term cleanup activities in 1980 to neutralize water in an on-site pond and the west swamp as well as to adjust the surface drainage of the facility.
FDEP conducted several cleanup activities between 1984 and 1985, including removing approximately 9,300 tons of contaminated sludge and soil and treating about 175,000 gallons of water.
The site’s PRPs conducted the OU-1 source control cleanup from 1999 through 2001. Cleanup activities included digging up, solidifying, stabilizing and placing 93,944 cubic yards of soil and material in a 13-acre area on site.
In 2004, EPA began to investigate remaining OU-2 ground water contamination. EPA determined that the pump-and-treat approach would not work at the site because structure of the aquifer. As new groundwater data became available, the understanding of site conditions evloved, and new remedial approaches became feasible. In 2011, EPA issued a ROD Amendment to change the ground water cleanup plan to monitored natural attenuation.
EPA conducted cleanup activities for OU-3 in 2007 and 2008. EPA dug up and disposed of 58,347 tons of contaminated soil and sediment off site.
EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site PRPs to investigate and clean up OU-1. The PRP continues to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities. EPA continues to implement and fund cleanup activities for OU-2 and OU-3.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings.
EPA held a 30-day public comment period from August 25 to September 25, 2011, to provide an opportunity for public input in selecting the final cleanup approach for OU-2 (ground water), which revised the ground water cleanup approach selected in the 1986 ROD. To discuss the final cleanup approach and gather public comments, EPA also hosted a public meeting on September 7, 2011, at the Cottondale Community Center.
Ground water monitoring is ongoing.
EPA plans to conduct Five-Year Reviews at the site to make sure the site cleanup remains protective of people and the environment.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Jackson County Public Library
413 North Green Street
Marianna, FL 32446