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Sanford Dry Cleaners

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile

EPA ID: FLD981014368
Location: Sanford, Seminole County, FL
Lat/Long: 28.81117, -081.265710
Congressional District: 08
NPL Status: Proposed: 3/10/2010, Final: 09/29/2010
Affected Media: Ground water, soil
Cleanup Status: Cleanup being planned
Human Exposure Under Control: EPA working to determine whether there are human exposures to control
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Insufficient data
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Not in use
Site Manager: Robenson Joseph (joseph.robenson@epa.gov)



Current Site Status

The Sanford Dry Cleaners site includes the area where a laundry and dry cleaning facility operated from the 1940s until 2001. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 2010 because of contaminated ground water and soil resulting from past operations. EPA and the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) began investigating site conditions to assess the source of site contamination and how far potential contaminants may have spread. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. EPA and FDEP design all actions to make sure that local residents and the environment will be safe from site contamination.  

Site Location and Background

The approximately 1-acre site is located in Sanford in east-central Florida, less than a quarter-mile from the St. Johns River. Lake Monroe is located one half-mile north of the site. The site includes two adjacent properties with buildings located at 113, 117 and 121 South Palmetto Avenue. All three buildings are vacant and boarded up. The City of Sanford owns two of the buildings; a non-profit organization owns the third. Several commercial properties border the site, including a real estate office, a plumbing business, a restaurant, pottery and wine stores, and an art studio. Several residential properties are also located in the area.

From the 1940s until 2001, several businesses used the site as a laundry and dry cleaning facility. The first dry cleaning facility established on site was Downtown Drycleaners and Laundry in the 1940s. The chemical tetrachloroethylene, also called perchloroethylene, PERC or PCE, was the primary solvent used in the dry cleaning operations.

In 2010, EPA listed the site on the NPL. Since 2001, the site has been vacant.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations identified contamination in soil and ground water that could potentially harm people in the area. Soil and ground water contamination resulted from operations and disposal practices at the site. Contaminants of concern identified are volatile organic compounds (VOCs), including tetrachloroethylene, trichloroethylene and cis-1,2-dichloroethene. EPA determined that concentrations of some of these contaminants in ground water and soil could cause harm to humans or the environment.

Nearby residences and businesses use public water for drinking purposes, and there are public water wells near the site. There is an irrigation well at a mixed-use development near the site. However, it draws water from a depth much deeper than the extent of the contamination. Samples from that well have not shown any sign of contamination. EPA will assess the possibility that harmful vapors could migrate into buildings from underlying contaminated ground water as part of its ongoing cleanup and investigation activities.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

EPA leads site investigation and cleanup activities in cooperation with FDEP.

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Site Cleanup Plan

EPA began a remedial investigation and feasibility study (RI/FS) for the site in 2011. RI/FS activities were completed in September 2013.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the RODs and ROD Amendment.

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Cleanup Progress

EPA issued a proposed cleanup plan for the site in May 2013. The Record of Decision (ROD), which identified the cleanup option that will be implemented at the site was issued by EPA in September 2013. EPA is currently developing the remedial design documents and will ultimately implement the required cleanup activities.

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Enforcement Activities

In 2008, FDEP referred the site to EPA’s Superfund program for cleanup enforcement.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included community interviews as well as a public availability session and meetings.

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Future Work

EPA issued the a Record of Decision (ROD), for the site in September 2013. EPA is currently developing the remedial design documents and will ultimately implement the required cleanup activities.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Seminole County Public Library
North Branch Library
150 North Palmetto Avenue
Sanford, Florida  32771

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