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Yellow Water Road

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Southern edge of Yellow Water Road Dump site.

Additional Resources
Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: FLD980844179
Location: Baldwin, Duval County, FL
Lat/Long: 30.280300, -081.971700
Congressional District: 03
NPL Status: Proposed: 09/18/85; Final: 06/10/86; Deleted: 05/18/99
Affected Media: Ground water, Sediment, Soil
Cleanup Status: Deleted from the NPL
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Not a ground water site
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In continued use – a residence is located on site. Potential for future recreational use.
Site Manager: Peter Thorpe (thorpe.peter@epa.gov)


Current Site Status

The Yellow Water Road site includes the area where a salvage facility operated from 1981 until 1983. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1986 because of contaminated soil resulting from facility operations. EPA, the Florida Department of Environmental Protection (FDEP) and the site’s potentially responsible parties (PRPs) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By inspecting the site semi-annually, monitoring ground water and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, FDEP and the site’s PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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Site Location and Background

The 14-acre site is located on Yellow Water Road, south of U.S. Interstate 10, in a rural area of Duval County, Florida, The site is located approximately one mile south of the City of Baldwin and 20 miles west of Jacksonville. The site is less than a half-mile from a rail line. Currently, the site includes an occupied single-family home on 1-acre. The single family home and a storage shed are the only structures on the vegetated site. The site also includes a 3-acre capped and fenced disposal area. Residential areas border the site to the east, commercial land uses border the site to the west, undeveloped land and U.S. Interstate 10 are located north of the site, and undeveloped land borders the site to the south.

A salvage operation for transformers operated at the site between 1981 and 1983. Operations removed contaminated fluids from the transformers. Facility owners did not obtain the necessary permit to incinerate contaminated fluids so fluids were stored on site. Operations resulted in the storage of an estimated 150,000 gallons of contaminated fluids at the site. In 1986, EPA listed the site on the NPL. EPA provides status letters to help buyers and sellers understand the land use restrictions prohibiting cap and surface soil disturbance as well as ground water use on the site property.

View site location map.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Soil contamination resulted from waste handling practices at the site. Contaminants of concern include polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs).

PCB-contaminated fluid leaked from storage tanks, contaminating soil at the site. PRPs installed ground water monitoring wells and have not identified any ground water contamination. PRPs monitor and sample ground water every five years. In addition, the St. John’s Water Management District has listed the site and nearby surrounding area as a ground water delineation area, which means all wells placed in the area require the District’s approval.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

Site PRPs lead site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and FDEP.

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Site Cleanup Plan

Site investigations and cleanup activities have focused on two areas, which are referenced by EPA as operable units, or OUs. These areas include OU-1: contamination source control; and OU-2: ground water contamination.

In 1990, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for OU-1. The plan included the following activities:

In 1992, EPA issued a cleanup plan, or ROD, for OU-2. The plan included the following activities:

In 2010, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences to make sure institutional controls are included as part of the site cleanup plan.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the RODs, ESD and Five-Year Reviews.

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Cleanup Progress

In 1984, EPA conducted short-term cleanup activities to remove contaminated fluids and highly contaminated soil at the site. In 1988, site PRPs continued the cleanup of contaminated fluids and soil.

Between 1995 and 1997, the PRPs removed 4,472 cubic yards of contaminated soil and treated it by mixing the soil with cement. PRPs placed the soil and cement mixture on the former storage area of the site, installed ground water monitoring wells and began a ground water monitoring program. PRPs contained and capped all soil contamination on site. A chain-link security fence and locked entrance gate restrict access to the capped area. The PRPs completed cleanup activities in 1996. In 1999, EPA deleted the site from the NPL. In 2010, EPA and PRPs placed an institutional control on the site prohibiting cap and surface soil disturbance as well as ground water use on the site property.

The site’s third Five-Year Review, completed in 2010, found that the cleanup remained protective of human health and the environment.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available in Five-Year Reviews online.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with site PRPs to investigate and clean up the site. The PRPs continue to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.

RODs and Five-Year Reviews online provide additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup approach for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities at the site to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and public meetings.

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Future Work

Site PRPs inspect the fence twice annually. Other ongoing activities include site inspections and ground water monitoring.

EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2010 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2015.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Baldwin City Hall
10 US HWY 90 West
Baldwin, FL  32234

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