Brunswick Wood Preserving
Site Summary ProfileEPA ID: GAD981024466
Location: Brunswick, Glynn County, GA
Lat/Long: 31.242220, -081.528050
Congressional District: 01
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/23/96; Final: 4/01/97
Affected Media: Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction Underway: physical cleanup activities at site have started
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: Currently unused
Site Manager: Brian Farrier (email@example.com)
The Brunswick Wood Preserving Site is located in Brunswick, Glynn County, Georgia. It occupies 84 acres and is bordered by railroads on its east and west ends, with its north end defined by Perry Lane Road and its south end bordered by residential and wooded areas. Burnett Creek, a tidally influenced stream, is located on the western end of the site. Municipal wells and most, if not all, of the private wells in the vicinity draw water from the deeper aquifer.
The site was used for wood treatment operations from 1958 until 1991. Each of the three major types of wood treating operations were carried out at the facility: creosote, pentachlorophenol (PCP) – which is associated with dioxin, and chromium/copper/arsenic (CCA).
The site was originally operated by American Creosote Company, which constructed the facility sometime between 1958 and 1960, then sold it shortly afterward. The site was acquired by Escambia Treating Company in 1969 from Georgia Creosoting Company and the Brunswick Creosoting Company, thought to be the same company. In 1985, a corporate reorganization resulted in the purchase of the facility by the Brunswick Wood Preserving Company, which operated the site until it closed in early 1991.
The site was regulated under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) at the time of a major spill of diesel containing PCP in August, 1989. Subsequent investigations by the State of Georgia culminated with a RCRA Facility Investigation (RFI) report completed shortly before the facility caught on fire and ceased operations in February 1991.
During the site’s operation, contamination of the environment resulted from several activities, including poor housekeeping, open dumping into Burnett Creek, and accidental spills. In addition, wastes were sprayed in the air over the IM-4/5 ponds (old impoundments) to reduce waste volumes.
Potential future risks to public health and the environment exist at this site due to contamination which has been documented in shallow ground water, soils/sediments, and Burnett Creek.
Private wells have been sampled extensively in the area since 1991, but have not been impacted by the site.
Site Cleanup Plan
The long-term cleanup plan for the Brunswick Wood Preserving site covers two operable units (OUs): OU-1 (site-wide soils/sediments and groundwater) and OU-2 (ecological risks posed to Burnett Creek and the surface water).The Record of Decision for OU-1 was issued in 2002. The cleanup approached primarily involved capping (over contaminated soil/sediment) with construction of subsurface barriers (to contain contaminated ground water). Major components of the cleanup approach included:
- Construction of two caps over the IM-1/2 and IM-4/5 ponds (old impoundments where creosote was sprayed or dumped), consisting of subcaps, geosynthetic liners, and a 2.5 foot thick soil layer.
- Construction of 3 to 5 foot thick subcaps under the caps, consisting of on-site contaminated soils and sediments.
- Solidification and/or stabilization of the subcap materials.
- Construction of subsurface barrier walls to contain ground water, consisting of slurry-filled trenches.
- On-site ground water treatment using chemical processes to enhance natural breakdown of site contaminants in ground water outside the cap/wall at IM-1/2.
- Long term monitoring to ensure that the remedy is protective.
- Engineering controls to control surface water runoff, dust, air quality, etc. and ensure that Remedial Action Objectives are met during and after putting the remedy in place.
- Institutional controls, such as restrictive covenants, as necessary to restrict future land use and groundwater use.
EPA undertook a number of actions between 1991 and 1995 to address immediate health and safety concerns at the site:
- All but a few of the site structures were demolished and removed.
- Sludges were dewatered.
- Wastewater was treated.
- Drums and lab wastes were disposed off site.
- Poles, lumber, equipment, and scrap were recycled and/or salvaged.
- Large areas of contaminated soil and sludge were excavated.
- Excavated soils and sludge were stored in four waste cells created on site.
During 1996-1997, the State of Georgia conducted a removal action. This involved having three of these waste cells transported and disposed off site. A new railroad spur was installed on the site to facilitate the State's removal action.
Construction for the OU-1 remedy began in the summer of 2007. The old creosote ponds at the site have been dewatered, excavated, and backfilled. Along with excavated sediments from Burnett Creek, excavated site soils, and materials from the fourth waste cell, those pond sediments were treated in 2008 via the solidification treatment component of the remedy, and the treated materials were subsequently placed as subcaps over the old creosote ponds. The construction of the two primary subsurface barrier walls was completed in 2009, along with the western cap. Through December 2009, cumulative funds of approximately $20 million have been spent on the OU-1 remedy.
In 2009, the Brunswick Wood Preserving site was selected for $8.3 million funding under the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act. The ARRA funds are being used for the OU-1 remedy, including construction of the eastern cap and engineering/site restoration activities. As of December 3, 2010 a total of $6,677,996 of ARRA funds had been spent, resulting in the creation of 38.6 jobs.
In, 2010, additional data showed the presence of contamination outside the western barrier wall at levels that make their treatment cost-prohibitive. For that reason, a secondary subsurface barrier wall and engineered cap will be built on the western end of the site. the secondary barrier wall and cap work was begun in November 2010 and is expected to be completed by February 2011. All construction work for the OU-1 remedy is expected to be completed by September 30, 2011.
In 1998, EPA sent general notice letters to Kerr-McGee Chemical Corporation and Charles Soule, former president of Escambia Treating Company, notifying them of their potential liability and demanding payment for costs incurred by EPA at the site. After unsuccessful negotiations, EPA referred the case to the Department of Justice for possible filing of a civil action against the parties. The Department of Justice and EPA have continued negotiations for settlement with the parties. No case has yet been filed.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities at the Brunswick Wood Preserving site to solicit community input and to ensure that the public remains informed about site activities throughout the site cleanup process. Outreach activities have included public notices and information meetings on cleanup progress and activities.
Long term monitoring will be performed regularly to ensure that the remedy is protective.Future remedial action will take place as necessary as part of OU-2 to ensure protection of the environment. A Baseline Ecological Risk Assessment has been completed and the OU-2 Record of Decision is planned for 2011.
Site Administrative Documents
For more information or to view any site-related documents, please visit the site information repository at the following location. As new documents are generated, they will be placed in the information repository for public information.
Brunswick/Glynn Co. Regional Library
208 Glouchester St.
Brunswick GA 31523
For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.