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Firestone Tire and Rubber Company

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Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. Superfund site

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Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: GAD990855074
Location: Albany, Dougherty County, GA
Lat/Long: 31.565830, -084.053880
Congressional District: 08
NPL Status: Proposed: 06/24/88; Final: 10/04/89
Affected Media: Ground water, Soil
Cleanup Status: Construction complete - physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In continued use – a tire manufacturing and storage facility is located on site
Site Manager: Charles King (king.charlesl@epa.gov)


Current Site Status

The Firestone Tire & Rubber Co. (Albany Plant) site includes an area where a tire manufacturing facility has operated since 1968. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1989 because of contaminated ground water and soil resulting from facility operations. EPA, the Georgia Environmental Protection Division (Georgia EPD) and Bridgestone/Firestone Inc., the site’s potentially responsible party (PRP), have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination. Site contamination does not currently threaten people living and working near the site. By treating and monitoring ground water and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, Georgia EPD and the site’s PRP continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.

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Site Location and Background

The 329-acre site is located at 3300 Sylvester Road, approximately one mile east of Albany in Dougherty County, Georgia. The site includes a 1.84-million-square-foot facility and a forested wetlands area. Sylvester Highway, residences and commercial businesses border the site to the north. North Shaw Road and Seaboard Coastline railroad tracks border the site to the south. A landfill borders the site to the east. A church and a vacant property border the site to the west.

From 1968 until 1986, Firestone Tire and Rubber Company leased the facility for tire manufacturing operations. In 1986, Cooper Tire purchased the site and began tire manufacturing and storage operations at the facility. In 1989, EPA listed the site on the NPL. Cooper Tire’s operations at the site are ongoing. Fencing surrounds the site and limits access. The site supports industrial and commercial land uses.

View site location map.

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Threats and Contaminants

Site investigations found contamination in ground water and soil that could potentially harm people in the area. Contamination resulted from operations at the site. Contaminants of concern include volatile organic compounds (VOCs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), chromium and lead.

Ground water contamination remains confined to the site boundary. However, people do not use ground water at the site for drinking water purposes.

The site’s PRP has cleaned up contaminated soil on site. The site supports industrial and commercial land uses. Fencing surrounds the site and limits access to the site.

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Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight

Bridgestone/Firestone Inc., the site’s PRP, leads site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA and Georgia EPD.

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Site Cleanup Plan

In 1993, EPA issued a cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:

In 1996, EPA issued an Explanation of Significant Differences to remove ground water treatment from site cleanup activities as long as contaminant levels in the ground water do not exceed permit discharge limits for the local water treatment plant.

Summaries of site cleanup approaches are also available online in key site cleanup documents, including the ROD.

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Cleanup Progress

In 1985, the site’s PRP performed initial assessments at the site prior to ending operations and conducted several interim cleanup activities. The PRP removed and disposed of 441 cubic yards of debris, 105 cubic yards of contaminated soil, transformers and underground storage tanks, and 160 drums containing a material similar to rubber cement. The PRP also installed an interim ground water collection and treatment system and began operating the system.

In 1988, EPA and Georgia EPD conducted a site inspection and identified ground water contamination at the site.

In 1994, the PRP completed cleanup of 25 cubic yards of contaminated soil. The PRP dug up contaminated soil and placed it directly into lined roll-off boxes and covered them with waterproof tarps for transportation to an off-site landfill.

The PRP completed modifications of the ground water pump-and-treat system in 1997.

The site’s third Five-Year Review, completed in 2011, found that the cleanup remains protective of human health and the environment.

Summaries of cleanup activities are also available in Five-Year Reviews online.

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Enforcement Activities

EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site’s PRP to investigate and clean up the site. The PRP continues to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.

The ROD and Five-Year Reviews online provide additional information on specific legal agreements for the site.

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Community Involvement

EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.

EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach efforts have included public notices, interviews and information meetings.

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Future Work

The ground water pump-and-treat system continues to operate at the site to address remaining ground water contamination.

EPA completed the last Five-Year Review in 2011 and plans to complete the next Five-Year Review in 2016.

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Additional Information

EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.

Site Repository

Doughtery County Library
300 Pine Ave.
Albany, GA 31701

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