Site Summary Profile
EPA ID: KYD006370167
Location: Calvert City, Marshall County, KY
Lat/Long: 37.050300, -088.323400
Congressional District: 01
NPL Status: Proposed: 12/30/82; Final: 09/08/83
Affected Media: Ground water, soil
Cleanup Status: Construction Complete – physical cleanup activities have been completed
Human Exposure Under Control: Yes
Groundwater Migration Under Control: Yes
Sitewide Ready for Anticipated Use: No
Site Reuse/Redevelopment: In continued use – industrial
Site Manager: Brad Jackson (firstname.lastname@example.org)
Current Site Status
The B.F. Goodrich site is the location of several active chemical plants. EPA placed the site on the National Priorities List (NPL) in 1983 because waste management practices contaminated soil and ground water underneath areas of the site. EPA, the Kentucky Department for Environmental Protection (KDEP) and potentially responsible parties (PRPs) have investigated site conditions and taken steps to clean up the site in order to protect people and the environment from contamination.
The site shares a border with the Airco Superfund site. Because of their shared history and location, site PRPs took Superfund-related cleanup actions at both sites under one approved cleanup plan (a Record of Decision, or ROD). EPA approved the plan in 1988. Site PRPs implemented the cleanup plan in the 1990s. Some cleanup activities, such as ground water treatment and monitoring, are ongoing. In the mid-1980s, KDEP also required PRPs to take cleanup actions on the portion of the B.F. Goodrich site not addressed by the Superfund program under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) program.
After finding additional sources of contamination in 2007 and 2008, EPA and KDEP concluded the most effective way to address the site was to combine the RCRA-cleanup portion of the B.F. Goodrich facility with the Superfund-cleanup portion of the facility and address them both under the Superfund program. A large-scale investigation is currently underway to identify additional sources of contamination at the site. EPA and KDEP will use this information to determine whether PRPs will need to take additional short-term and long-term cleanup actions.
Access to the site is controlled. Nearby residents and businesses are not using contaminated ground water for drinking water purposes. By treating and monitoring ground water and undertaking Five-Year Reviews, EPA, KDEP and PRPs continue to protect people and the environment from site contamination.
Site Location and Background
The B.F. Goodrich site is located along Kentucky Highway 1523, approximately one mile northeast of Calvert City in western Kentucky. The Tennessee River borders the site to the north. A manufacturing facility borders the site to the west and the Airco Superfund site borders the site to the east. The B.F. Goodrich site is the location of several chemical plants that have operated along the south side of the Tennessee River since the mid-1950s. Parties have closed several areas at the site; other areas remain in active use. Chemical manufacturing businesses operating at the site include Westlake Vinyls Incorporated, Lubrizol Corporation and Cymetech, LLC. The site is currently fenced. A few residences are located in the area; the nearest is about a half-mile from the site. The larger area surrounding the site is rural and agricultural.
The B.F. Goodrich Corporation began chemical production operations at its B.F. Goodrich facility in 1953. One of the main chemicals produced over the years has been a vinyl chloride monomer (a type of molecule) used in the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC). In 1990 and 1997, Westlake Chemical Company purchased most of the property and plant operations. The company currently owns and operates a facility at the B.F. Goodrich site.
In 1983, EPA listed the site on the NPL. At the time of the listing, the scope of the Superfund cleanup effort included a former landfill and burn pit covering approximately 2 acres where facilities had disposed of wastes containing hazardous substances. As part of the process, parties also considered contaminated ground water that could possibly enter the Tennessee River. Between 2007 and 2009, EPA decided to expand the area that the Agency would consider for Superfund action at the site. The area now being addressed through Superfund action covers approximately 200 acres.
Site investigations found hazardous substances at the B.F. Goodrich site, including 1,2-dichloroethane (formerly known as ethylene dichloride or EDC), other chlorinated volatile organic compounds, benzene and mercury in the soil and/or ground water. Parties have also found non-aqueous phase liquid (NAPL) at various locations at the site, indicating the presence of concentrated source material or a “principal threat waste” as defined by EPA. Contaminated ground water and NAPL have also spread into the Tennessee River.
Because of initial Superfund cleanup efforts, it is not likely that site contamination in the former landfill and burn pit area would threaten residents or workers. However, some contaminated ground water from the site may be discharging into the Tennessee River. People could come into contact by drinking contaminated ground water or river water. However, people living and working on or near the site are not using ground water for drinking water purposes.
Efforts are underway to stop the spread of ground water contamination into the Tennessee River as part of site cleanup activities.
Investigation and Cleanup Responsibility / Oversight
PRPs lead site investigation and cleanup activities, with oversight provided by EPA in cooperation with KDEP. PRPs include B.F. Goodrich and Erin's Oxygen Company (BOC) Group, formerly Airco.
Site Cleanup Plan
In 1988, EPA issued a cleanup plan (Record of Decision, or ROD) for the site. The plan included the following activities:
- Installing a system to remove leachate in the landfill and burn pit area. Leachate is water that collects contaminants as it passes through contaminated material.
- Constructing a flood protection dike around the landfill.
- Improving the landfill cap.
- Removing surface soil and placing it in the burn pit area.
- Installing a soil vapor extraction system in the burn pit area and covering it with a RCRA cap.
- Pumping contaminated ground water and treating it by air stripping.
- Monitoring ground water.
- Placing deed restrictions on the site property to prevent residential development and ground water use.
In the mid-1980s, KDEP led a RCRA cleanup action on a portion of the B.F. Goodrich property that was not included as part of the B.F. Goodrich Superfund site. Parties closed a series of disposal ponds and consolidated contaminated material in an on-site landfill.
In the late 1980s, KDEP required B.F. Goodrich to start pumping and treating contaminated ground water under RCRA. The goal of the program is to stop contaminated ground water before it discharges into the Tennessee River and to collect and treat concentrated areas of contaminated ground water. KDEP also required B.F. Goodrich to obtain a Corrective Action Permit and conduct environmental studies to find the source of contamination and to find how far it had spread on the non-Superfund portion of the B.F. Goodrich property.
Because B.F. Goodrich was responsible for the cleanup of both the Superfund and RCRA portions of the B.F. Goodrich property, the company put in place a ground water collection, treatment and disposal system for both areas. B.F. Goodrich initially installed an eight-well ground water collection and treatment system in the mid-1980s.
B.F. Goodrich developed a more extensive ground water collection and treatment system in 1992, as required by the Superfund cleanup plan (ROD) and RCRA Corrective Action Permit. PRPs also constructed wells on the Airco Superfund site at the same time. PRPs later installed more wells on the B.F. Goodrich site, as required by the Corrective Action Permit, increasing the total number of pumping wells to 51.
The treatment system discharges treated ground water to the Tennessee River. PRPs monitor changes in ground water quality and water levels through a 185-well ground water monitoring system.
In 1996, PRPs initiated several cleanup activities required in the ROD, including:
- Constructing a flood protection dike.
- Improving the existing landfill cap.
- Installing a leachate removal system.
- Combining surface soil and drainage ditch sediment.
- Installing a soil vapor extraction system.
- Constructing a RCRA cap over burn pit areas.
- Installing site fencing.
- Placing deed restrictions on the site property.
- Ground water monitoring.
The site’s second Five-Year Review, completed in 2006, found that cleanup actions to date protect people and the environment. In the long term, there was a need for additional work. The Five-Year Review also found that ground water contamination was not decreasing to levels anticipated by EPA. As a result, EPA concluded there might be other sources of contamination not previously identified. In 2007 and 2008, EPA found some areas of NAPL – a principal threat waste. EPA and KDEP concluded that the most effective way to clean up contamination at the B.F. Goodrich site was to combine the RCRA-cleanup portion of the B.F. Goodrich facility with the Superfund-cleanup portion of the facility and address the combined cleanup areas fully under the Superfund program.
PRPs then formed a PRP group responsible for conducting a large-scale, multi-phase investigation overseen by EPA and KDEP to find more sources of contamination below ground. PRPs have completed about half of the investigation. EPA and KDEP are currently evaluating the results from the investigation to date to determine if PRPs will need to take any short-term or long-term cleanup measures.
EPA, KDEP and the PRP group are using efficient, cost-effective methods to find the source of the contamination and find how far it has spread. As part of this effort, EPA, KDEP and the PRP group participate in intensive working sessions to discuss, assess and make real-time decisions on key issues related to ongoing site investigations and cleanup.
EPA negotiated legal agreements with the site PRPs to investigate and clean up the site.
In 2008, B.F. Goodrich and the BOC Group entered into a legal agreement with EPA to conduct a focused remedial investigation and feasibility study for the landfill and burn pit area at the site. In December 2009, after EPA and KDEP decided that the Superfund program would oversee cleanup work on those portions of the site previously regulated by the RCRA Corrective Action program, PRPs entered into a legal agreement with EPA to conduct an expanded remedial investigation and feasibility study that replaced the previous legal agreement.
The PRPs continue to fund site cleanup, monitoring and oversight activities.
EPA has worked with the community and its state partner to develop a long-term cleanup plan for the site, reflecting the Agency’s commitment to safe, healthy communities and environmental protection. Community engagement and public outreach are core components of EPA program activities.
EPA has conducted a range of community involvement activities to solicit community input and to make sure the public remains informed about site activities throughout the cleanup process. Outreach activities have included public notices, interviews and public meetings.
In 2010, EPA held an open house meeting to update the community on the site’s status and answer community questions. EPA also periodically briefs Calvert City Council and a local business group on site activities.
Most workers who run the site’s ground water pump-and-treat system live in nearby Calvert City or the surrounding area. One well drilling service that employs people from the area is responsible for maintaining 100 monitoring wells and 50 pumping wells and the barrier well system along the Tennessee River as part of the site’s cleanup plan.
PRPs plan to submit a draft Remedial Investigation Report to EPA in late 2012. The information from the report will be used to evaluate possible contamination effects and related cleanup options.
EPA keeps additional site documents and information in a site information repository at the location below. EPA also posts site documents, when available, on EPA’s CERCLIS Site Profile page. For documents not available on the website, please contact the Region 4 Freedom of Information Office.
Marshall County Public Library
23 Park Road
Calvert City, KY 42029